- Sunset (magazine)
"Sunset" is a lifestyle
magazinein the United States. "Sunset" focuses on homes, cooking, gardening, and travel, with a focus almost exclusively on the Western United States. The magazine is published monthly by the Sunset Publishing Company, part of Southern Progress Corporation, itself a subsidiary of Time Warner.
"Sunset" began in 1898 as a promotional magazine for the
Southern Pacific Railroad, designed to combat the negative " Wild West" stereotypes about California.
The Sunset Limited was the premier train on the Southern Pacific Railroad’s Sunset Route, which ran between
New Orleansand San Francisco. Sunset Magazine was started to be available onboard and at the station, in order to promote the West. It aimed to lure tourists onto the company’s trains, entice guests to the railroad’s resort (the Hotel Del Monte in Monterey), and possibly encourage these tourists to stay and buy land, since the Southern Pacific was the largest single landowner in California and Nevada.
The inaugural issue featured an essay about
Yosemite, with photographs by noted geologist Joseph Le Conte. There were social notes from Western resorts, like this from Pasadena: “The aristocratic residence town of Southern California and rendezvous for the traveling upper ten has enjoyed a remarkably gay season and the hotel accommodations have been sorely taxed”; and information about train travel. Poetry featuring railroad themes and a later string of short stories in which characters swapped tall tales, always aboard a train, also highlighted travel by rail. Most of these early stories were penned by Paul Shoup, who later abandoned fiction to become president of the Southern Pacific.
Earthquake and recovery
On April 18, 1906, the
1906 San Francisco Earthquakedestroyed the Sunset offices. The May 1906 edition was a six-page emergency issue, in stark contrast to the 214-page April 1906 edition. The issue opened with a dire communiqué from E. H. Harriman, president of the Southern Pacific: “The earthquake on the morning of April 18th was the most severe that has occurred since San Francisco became a great city.” Next came a message from Sunset’s publishers: “This is to announce that by reason of the recent destruction by fire of the Sunset Magazine offices on April 18th, this Emergency Edition will be the only issue of the magazine for the month of May.… The priceless stock of drawing, photographs and engravings was burned.… In one day the accumulation and accomplishment of years were swept away.”
Soon, however, the magazine was trumpeting its hometown’s revival, in articles like “San Francisco’s Future” and “How Things Were Righted After the Fire of 1906.” In “A San Francisco Pleasure Cure,” an early story by
Sinclair Lewispublished in the magazine, a tired businessman revived himself through a visit to the rebuilt city.
In 1914 the railroad sold the magazine to its employees, and Sunset began to publish original articles, stories and poetry focusing on the West. The format resembled other national general interest magazines of the day such as
Collier'sand the Saturday Evening Post. Sunset reported on heavy political and economic issues; contributors included Stanford president David Starr Jordandiscussing international affairs and future U.S. president Herbert Hooverdiscussing the League of Nations. Fiction and poetry became more ambitious, featuring authors such as Jack London, Dashiell Hammett, Mary Austin, and evangelist Aimee Semple McPherson.
The art on Sunset’s cover equaled — probably outshone — the words within. The early 20th century was the golden age of magazine illustration, but Sunset held its own with any magazine in the country. Contributors of cover art included Will James and
The Lane Publishing era
In the 1920s, the magazine became unprofitable, as it grew thinner and its circulation dwindled. In 1929, Lawrence W. Lane, a former advertising executive with
Better Homes and Gardens, purchased Sunset, and changed the format to what would become its current Western lifestyle emphasis. The Lane family would own Sunset for the next 62 years.
During the Depression, weighty ruminations on politics and economics were replaced with frivolous articles like March 1935’s “Little Toes, What Now?,” which began “This is the season when all the little toes are going not to market, but to have a pedicure."
Eventually, a meatier magazine emerged. Sunset began Kitchen Cabinet, a readers’ recipes feature still published today (now titled Reader Recipes). Essays on home architecture became more specifically geared to the West, with a series of sumptuously photographed articles championing the Western ranch house. Travel and garden coverage grew similarly focused and specific. In 1932 Sunset became the first magazine in the nation to publish different editions for different parts of our circulation area, allowing it to better tailor gardening advice to its readers.
Sunset eliminated the use of bylines, and articles were increasingly how-tos, giving it a voice of authority and efficiency. It was a successful formula: by 1938 the magazine was again profitable.
Under Lane's leadership, the company also produced a successful series of how-to home improvement and gardening books, which are still produced today.
Sunset at War
Sunset initially treated World War II as if it were a temporary irritation, but it soon mobilized for war. One story featured newly minted aviation cadets at the Santa Ana Army Air Base. Aware that the federal government’s victory garden tips did not always fit Western soils and climates, magazine editors planted their own convert|1|acre|m2|sing=on test plot near UC Berkeley so that they could give their own advice.
In 1943, Sunset devised a new motto: “The Magazine of Western Living.”
At the end of World War II, Sunset presented series featuring innovative plans for homes to be built once the war was won, by architects including Portland’s Pietro Belluschi and Los Angeles’s Harwell Hamilton Harris
When Lane took over the magazine, the population of the West was booming. A few years later, the end of World War II brought an explosion of newcomers. Drawing on his experience from the East Coast-serving Better Homes and Gardens, he guessed correctly that these new Westerners would be hungry for information about how to travel, cook, cultivate, and build in their new environment.
Building Sunset headquarters
For its first five decades, Sunset was headquartered in various downtown San Francisco office buildings. The headquarters was moved to
Menlo Park, California, a suburb located convert|25|mi|km south of San Francisco . The convert|7|acre|m2|sing=on parcel was a remnant of a 19th-century estate owned by the Hopkins family. Its new headquarters was designed by Cliff May, known for his designs of ranch-style houses, which had been featured in Sunset for two decades. May created a long, low, adobe homestead that surrounded a central courtyard. For a while, Sunset referred to the Menlo Park headquarters as the Laboratory of Western Living. Its test kitchen processes thousands of recipes a year. It tests its gardening advice in a test garden.
To this day, the compound draws thousands of visitors each year.
Many great artists, including
Jack Londonand Georgia O'Keefe, have contributed to Sunset Magazine.
The Time Warner era
Lane Publishing sold Sunset Magazine and books to Time Warner in 1990, and the company was renamed Sunset Publishing Corporation. In 2001, Time Warner reorganized Sunset to be part of recently acquired Southern Progress Corporation, best known for its similar home and lifestyle magazine
Southern Living(its similarity to Sunset is no coincidence; its founders came out West to see how the Lanes did it in the early ’60s).
In the 1990s, the franchise began to lose touch with its prized demographic, who viewed the magazine as something of their parents' era. Newer, fresher-looking lifestyle magazines, such as
Martha Stewart Livingand Real Simple, presented Sunset with competition. When Katie Tamony took over as editor-in-chief in 2001, she collaborated with new creative director Mia Daminato (former creative director for Australian-based Federal Publishing Company's Magazine Group) to create a new, more modern design. Today, the magazine has successfully combined useful, easy-to-do editorial with compelling design and photography to create a package that's contemporary yet casual; completely relevant to that prized demographic that once overlooked the title. Unlike most competitors, Sunset is recognized for offering editorial ideas that readers can easily accomplish with minimal output and greater success.
Western Home Awards program
Since 1957, Sunset’s Western Home Awards program, cosponsored by the American Institute of Architects, has introduced readers to works by Richard Neutra, Charles Moore, and Frank Gehry, among other notables.
Environmental reporting is a Sunset tradition that dates back to the magazine’s early years. It has helped shape the debate on natural treasures as far afield as the Mojave Desert and the Tongass National Forest. The West’s national parks have been a particular passion. Sunset helped midwife their birth, and it has called attention to their woes, including the overcrowding their popularity brings. Occasionally it has sounded an environmental alarm, as it did with its pioneering 1969 article demanding a ban on DDT. More often Sunset is a quieter, evenhanded voice, showing readers what’s at stake, trusting them to make up their own minds, celebrating places saved for public use, and offering a great deal of information on sustainable building and design.
Editors of Sunset Magazine
There have been 11 editors of Sunset in its 108 years:
* E. H. Woodham
* Charles Field
* Joseph Henry Jackson
* Lou Richardson
* Genevieve Callahan
* William Nichols
* Walter Doty
* Proctor Mellquist
* William Marken
* Rosalie Muller Wright
* Katie Tamony
* [http://www.sunset.com Sunset Magazine]
* [http://sunset-magazine.stanford.edu/html/history.html A history and bibliography of Sunset Magazine] published by Stanford University in 1998
* [http://books.google.com/books?q=editions:0qoJ4dRB594b6DFB2V&id=wCULAAAAIAAJ&source=gbs_other_versions_sidebar_s&cad=5 Early editions of Sunset] at
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