- Klamath Mountains
The Klamath Mountains, sometimes called the Salmon Mountains,Fact|date=April 2007 are a rugged lightly populated
mountain rangein northwest Californiaand southwest Oregonin the United States. The highest peaks are Mount Eddy(9025 ft / 2750 m) in Siskiyou County, California, Thompson Peak (9002 ft / 2744 m) in Trinity County, California, and Mount Ashland(7,533 ft / 2296 m) in Jackson County, Oregon. They have a varied geology, with substantial areas of serpentineand marble, and a climate characterised by a moderately cold winters with very heavy snowfall, and warm very dry summers with limited rainfall.Fact|date=April 2007 As a consequence of the geology, they have a unique flora, known as the Klamath-Siskiyou forests, which includes several endemic or near-endemic trees, such as Port Orford cedar("Chamaecyparis lawsoniana"), Foxtail pine("Pinus balfouriana spp, balfourinana"), Brewer spruce ("Picea breweriana") and Kalmiopsis("Kalmiopsis leachiana"), forming one of the largest collections of different conifers in the world.Fact|date=April 2007 The northernmost range of the Klamath Mountains are known as the Siskiyou Mountains. The area is also home to a diverse array of wild fish and animal species, including nine species of salmonid, and bears, large cats, and eagles. Physiographically, they are a section of the larger Pacific Border province, which in turn are part of the larger Pacific Mountain System physiographic division.
Wilderness areas and national forests
The largest concentration of diverse coniferous species of trees exists in these mountains.Fact|date=April 2007 Specifically in the
Russian Wilderness, there are more species of coniferous tree in one location than anywhere else on the globe. Other official wilderness areas include the Trinity Alps Wilderness(second largest in California), the Siskiyou Wilderness, the Marble Mountain Wilderness, the Yolla Bolly Middle Eel Wilderness, the Red Buttes Wilderness, and the Kalmiopsis Wilderness. There are extensive hiking trail systems, recreation areas and campgrounds both primitive and developed, and the Pacific Crest Trailpasses through these mountains as well. Several national forests converge in this region comprising millions of hectares of forest: Shasta-Trinity National Forest, Siskiyou National Forest, Klamath National Forest, Six Rivers National Forest, and Mendocino National Forest.
Major rivers, lakes, and game fish species
Major rivers and lakes in the Klamath Mountains include the Eel River, [GNIS|251974|Eel River]
Van Duzen River, Klamath River, Trinity River, Mad River, Smith River, Salmon River, Rogue River, Scott Riverand Castle Lake.
The many mountains, streams and rivers form a major spawning ground for several species of trout and salmon, yet recently, in the last 50 years, some of the fish stocks have fallen drastically, particularly salmon stocks. The ecoregion's rivers and streams are home to nine species of native salmonids. The depletions occur mainly because the creation of dams and excessive
clear cutlogging on the steep rugged slopes of the area both contribute to large amounts of silt in the stream beds, which in turn interferes with the salmon spawning, as they need exposed gravel beds in which to lay their eggs.Fact|date=April 2007 Other notable fish species, besides king salmonand silver salmon, include steelhead, brown trout, rainbow trout, kokanee salmon, eastern brook trout, crappie, bluegill, catfish, large and smallmouth bass.
The vast forested wildlands, coupled with a low rate of human settlement in the rugged remote terrain, makes for excellent habitat for a number of species.Fact|date=April 2007 Mammal species include
mountain lions, black bears, bobcats, lynx, raccoons, martens, fishers, beavers, grey fox, red fox, northern flying squirrel, and plentiful deer. Bird species include golden eagles, bald eagles, pileated woodpecker, band-tailed pigeon, several hawks including goshawks, several large owlspecies including the spotted owl, plus an extensive variety of additional species both plant and animal. The area used to have grizzly bear, wolves, and Roosevelt elk. The latter two are being considered for reintroduction, especially the less controversial elk.Fact|date=April 2007 Some of the most remote areas hear rumors of bigfoot/ sasquatchsightings from time to time, and the legendary creatures play a part in the native folk tales of the Native American populations.Fact|date=April 2007
The Klamath-Siskiyou forests are a temperate coniferous forest ecoregion of northwestern California and southwestern Oregon. The ecoregion harbors rich biodiversity, with several distinct plant communities, including temperate rain forests, moist inland forests, oak forests and savannas, high elevation forests, and alpine grasslands. One of the principal plant communities in the Klamath Mountains is Mediterranean California Lower Montane Black Oak-Conifer Forest. [C. Michael Hogan (2008) "California Black Oak (Quercus kelloggii")" Globaltwitcher.com, ed. N. Stromberg [http://www.globaltwitcher.com/artspec.asp?thingid=82385] ] Thirty conifer species inhabit the region, including seven endemic species, making the region one of the richest coniferous forest regions of the world in species diversity. The region also has several edaphic plant communities, adapted to specific soil types, notably serpentine outcrops.
Conifer species include
Coast Douglas-fir(Pseudotsuga menziesii subsp. menziesii), Lawson's Cypress(also known as Port Orford Cedar, Chamaecyparis lawsoniana), Ponderosa Pine(Pinus ponderosa), Sugar Pine(Pinus lambertiana), Mountain Hemlock(Tsuga mertensiana), White Fir(Abies concolor subsp. lowiana), Red Fir(A. magnifica subsp. shastensis), Weeping Spruce(Picea breweriana), Coast Redwood(Sequoia sempervirens), Western Red Cedar(Thuja Plicata), and Pacific Yew(Taxus brevifolia).
Typical species of the Trinity Alps region include
Douglas fir, ponderosa pine, red fir, white fir, black oak, canyon live oak, Pacific madrone, bigleaf maple, California buckeye, incense cedar, and Jeffrey pine. California's northernmost stand of Digger Pineis found here along the South Fork of the Salmon River.
List of Oregon Wildernesses
*California Wilderness Areas
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Look at other dictionaries:
Klamath Mountains — Géographie Altitude 2 744 m, Mount Eddy Massif … Wikipédia en Français
Klamath Mountains — [ klæməθ maʊntɪnz], Gebirge in Nordkalifornien und Südwestoregon, USA, Teil der Coast Ranges, bis 2 751 m über dem Meeresspiegel; Nadel und Mischwälder (Holzwirtschaft) … Universal-Lexikon
Klamath Mountains — p1p5 Klamath Mountains Trinity Alps bei Granite Lake im Juli 2005 Höchster Gipfel Mount Eddy ( … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Klamath Mountains — ▪ mountains, United States segment of the Pacific mountain system (q.v.) of western North America. The range extends southward for about 250 miles (400 km) from the foothills south of the Willamette Valley in southwestern Oregon, U.S., to… … Universalium
Klamath Mountains — geographical name mountains S Oregon & NW California in the Coast Ranges; highest Mt. Eddy (in California) 9038 feet (2755 meters) … New Collegiate Dictionary
Klamath Mountains — … Useful english dictionary
Klamath Mountains (ecoregion) — The Klamath Mountains ecoregion is a Level III ecoregion designated by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in the U.S. states of Oregon and California. It lies inland of the Coast Range ecoregion, extending from the Umpqua… … Wikipedia
Klamath River — Der Klamath River in NordkalifornienVorlage:Infobox Fluss/KARTE fehlt Daten … Deutsch Wikipedia
Klamath — is the name of a Native American tribe and their language. Klamath may also refer to the following places in the United States: Fort Klamath, a former military outpost in Oregon Fort Klamath, Oregon, a present day unincorporated community near… … Wikipedia