John Josiah Guest

John Josiah Guest

Sir Josiah John Guest, 1st Baronet, known as John Josiah Guest, (February 2, 1785 - November 26, 1852) was a Welsh engineer and entrepreneur.


Born in Dowlais, Merthyr Tydfil, Wales, as the son of Thomas Guest, a partner in the Dowlais Iron Company. Guest was educated at Bridgnorth Grammar School and Monmouth Grammar School before learning the trade of ironmaking in his father's foundry at the hands of works manager John Evans. He was renowned for his ability to roll a bar of steel or cut a tram of coal as well as any of his father's workmen. [Vaughan (1975) "p."13]

On his father's death in 1807, John inherited his share of the company and developed the business, becoming sole owner of the works in 1815. In 1817 he married Maria Rankin but their marriage was short lived, Maria dying just nine months later. He subsequently married Lady Charlotte Elizabeth Bertie, daughter of Albemarle Bertie, 9th Earl of Lindsey. Guest was elected Member of Parliament for Honiton, Devon in 1825, holding the seat until defeated by Sir George Warrender in 1831.Dubious|date=March 2008 In 1832 he became the first MP for Merthyr Tydfil.John (2004)]

His public works included a school at Dowlais, designed by Sir Charles Barry. He was a Fellow of the Royal Society and a Member of the Institution of Civil Engineers. He was the first chairman of the Taff Vale Railway, and was created a baronet in 1838.

He died in 1852, leaving five sons and five daughters, the Dowlais Iron Company having become the largest producer of iron in the world.

His eldest son was Ivor Bertie Guest, 1st Baron Wimborne. His third son Montague Guest was a Liberal politician.



**"Gentleman's Magazine", 2nd ser., 39 (1853), 91–2
**"The Times", 9 December 1852----
* cite web | author=Davies, P. M. | year=2004 | title=Sir Josiah John Guest, Bart., M.P. Provincial Grand Master of South Wales (1836-48) | work=Province of South Wales Eastern Division Feature | publisher=United Grand Lodge of Antient, Free and Accepted Masons of England | accessdate=2007-08-26 | year=2007 | url=
* cite journal | author=Evans, L. W. | year=1955-6 | title=Sir John and Lady Charlotte Guest's educational scheme at Dowlais in the mid-nineteenth century | journal=National Library of Wales Journal | volume=9 | pages=265–86
*Gillham, C. L. (1972) "The politics of Sir John Guest, 1825–1852", MA dissertation, University of Wales
*John, A. V. (2004) " [ Guest, Sir (Josiah) John, first baronet (1785–1852)] ", "Oxford Dictionary of National Biography", Oxford University Press, accessed 25 August 2007 ODNBsub
* cite book | author=Jones, E | year=1987 | title=A History of GKN Volume 1: Innovation and Enterprise 1759-1918 | publisher=Macmillan | location=London | id=ISBN 0333345940
* cite book | author=Owen, J. A. | year=1977 | title=The History of the Dowlais Iron Works 1759-1970 | location=Newport | publisher=Starling Press | id=ISBN 0-503434-27-X
* cite web | author=Price, W. W. | title=Josiah John Guest | url= | work=Welsh Biography Online | publisher=National Library of Wales | accessdate=2007-08-26 | year=2007
* cite book | author=Vaughan, C. Maxwell | year=1975 | title=Pioneers of Welsh Steel: Dowlais to Llanwern | location=Newport | publisher=Starling Press | id=ISBN 0903434083

External links

* web cite | url= | title=History | work=This is GKN | publisher=GKN plc | accessdate=2007-08-25
* web cite | url= | title=Sir Josiah John Guest, 1st Bt | | accessdate=2007-08-26 ----

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