- Ahmad Zia Massoud
name = Ahmad Zia Massoud
احمد ضیاء مسعود
order = First
Vice President of Afghanistan
vicepresident = Second Vice President is
7 December 2004
birth_date = birth date and age|1956|05|01|df=y
birth_place = Ghazni province of
party = Independent
Ahmad Zia Massoud (Born:
May 1, 1956) is the current first Vice President of Afghanistan in the administration of President Hamid Karzai. He is the younger brother of Ahmad Shah Massoud.
Zia was born in Muqur, which is in Ghazni province of Afghanistan. He attended
Esteqlal College, the French college in Kabul, for his primary and secondary studies, and then entered the Polytechnical University of Kabul. However, he left school in his third year, in 1978, caught up in the tumultuous events in the country, and joined the mujahideenwith his brother Ahmad Shah, in the Panjsher Valleynorth of Kabul.
Fighting against the Soviets
From 1978 to 1981, Ahmad Zia directed Qarargah of Paryan in Haut-Panjsher, and directed resistance in the entire valley. Between 1981 and April of 1992, his commander (Ahmed Shah Massoud) named him special representative of his
Jamiat-e-Islamiparty to Peshawar, Pakistan, where the seven principal parties of the Afghan resistance met. Also during this period he maintained and increased contacts with political leaders of all the Afghan resistance movement, including diplomatic circles and international organizations; in addition, he traveled abroad to plead the case of the mujahideen.
Afghan civil war
After the fall of the Soviet-backed communist regime,
Burhanuddin Rabbani, his father-in-law, chose him to be the advisor and special representative of the Islamic State of Afghanistan.
Fall of the Taliban
In December 2001, President Hamid Karzai named him ambassador to the Russian Federation under
Vladimir Putin; in February 2004 his functions were extended to include the Republic of Armenia, and then in July of that year, Georgia, Belarus, and Moldaviaas well.
On July 26, 2004, Karzai announced that he had chosen Ahmad Zia as his running mate in the October 9, 2004 presidential elections.cite web |date=Wednesday, 4 August, 2004, 14:41 GMT 15:41 UK|url = http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/3535880.stm|title = Defence chief backs Karzai rival|format = HTML |publisher =
BBC News| accessdate = 2008-05-11 | last=Andrew North |quote=Mr Karzai last week decided to choose Ahmed Zia Massoud as his running mate over Mr Fahim.] cite web |date=July 27, 2004|url = http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9807E5D9153DF934A15754C0A9629C8B63|title = Afghan Leader, in a Surprise, Picks a New Running Mate|format = HTML |publisher = New York Times| accessdate = 2008-05-11 | last=CARLOTTA GALL |quote=]
While campaigning in the 2004 elections a bomb was detonated at a political rally in the northern Afghan city of Feyzabad. Two people were killed but Massoud emerged unscathed.cite web |date=Wednesday, 6 October, 2004, 08:57 GMT 09:57 UK|url = http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/3719370.stm|title = Blast hits rally of Karzai ally|format = HTML |publisher =
BBC News| accessdate = 2008-05-11 | last= |quote=]
Ahmad Zia Massoud is married and has four children: three girls and a boy.
Politics of Afghanistan
List of leaders of Afghanistan
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