- Abigail Scott Duniway
Abigail Scott Duniway (
October 22, 1834– October 11, 1915) was an American women's rights advocate, newspaper editor and writer, whose efforts were instrumental in gaining voting rights for women.
Duniway was born Abigail Jane Scott near
Groveland, Illinois, one of eleven children of John Tucker Scott and Anne Roelofson. She grew up on the family farm, and in 1852 she traveled the Oregon Trailwith her family. As a young woman, she taught school in Cincinnati (now Eola), Oregonbefore marrying Benjamin C. Duniway on August 2, 1853. They had six children: Clara, Willis, Hubert, Wilkie, Clyde and Ralph.
After her husband's severe injury in 1862, Duniway supported the family by teaching and running a
millineryin Albany, Oregon. She moved the family to Portland in May 1871 and began publishing a weekly newspaper " The New Northwest". The paper was promoted as a human rights advocate, supporting education and women's suffrage. The National Women's Suffrage Association recognized Duniway as a leading women's advocate in the American West in 1886.
Duniway encountered personal setbacks such as poor health, money problems, and opposition from her brother
Harvey W. Scott, who also edited a local paper, The "Portland Oregonian". She persisted despite political opposition in the form of local resistance, the consistent failure of women's suffrage referendums on state ballots, and divisions with Eastern suffrage organizations. She and her newspaper actively supported the Sole Trader Bill and the Married Women's Property Act which, when passed, gave Oregon women the right to own and control property. Her persistence paid off in 1912 when Oregon became the seventh state in the Union to pass a women's suffrage amendment. Governor Oswald Westasked her to write the proclamation for his signature. [ [http://bluebook.state.or.us/state/elections/elections06b.htm Oregon Blue Book: 1912 Women's Suffrage Proclamation Transcription ] ] She was the first woman to register to vote in Multnomah County. [Moynihan, Ruth Barnes. Rebel for Rights: Abigail Scott Duniway (Yale University Press, 1983).]
Duniway is buried at River View Cemetery in Portland. [ [http://www.riverviewcemetery.org/index2.html River View Cemetery] ]
Duniway's 1859 novel "Captain Gray's Company, or Crossing the Plains and Living in Oregon" was the first to be commercially published in Oregon. This book was inspired by diaries she kept while traveling the Oregon Trail as a young woman. She wrote a booklet called "My Musings" after attending a convention of the
National Woman Suffrage Associationin 1872. Her last publication was "Path Breaking: An Autobiographical History of the Equal Suffrage Movement in Pacific Coast States", in 1914.
* [http://bluebook.state.or.us/notable/notduniway.htm Biography as a Notable Oregonian] , from the
Oregon Blue Book
* [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=5954241 Image of her tombstone]
* [http://nwda-db.wsulibs.wsu.edu/findaid/ark:/80444/xv63619 Guide to the Abigail Scott Duniway papers at the University of Oregon]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Duniway, Abigail Jane Scott — ▪ American suffragist née Abigail Jane Scott born Oct. 22, 1834, Groveland, Ill., U.S. died Oct. 11, 1915, Portland, Ore. American pioneer, suffragist, and writer, remembered chiefly for her ultimately successful pursuit in Oregon of the vote… … Universalium
Ben C. Duniway — Benjamin Cushing Duniway (1907–1986) was an American federal judge.Duniway graduated from Stanford Law School in 1931 and was a Rhodes scholar in 1933. He practiced law in San Francisco for the next 26 years, except for the years 1942 1947 spent… … Wikipedia
Harvey W. Scott — Infobox journalist name = Harvey W. Scott birthname = birth date = February 1 1838 birth place = Illinois age = death date = August 7 1910 death place = Baltimore, Maryland occupation = Newspaper editor, The Oregonian alias = gender = male status … Wikipedia
The New Northwest — was an American weekly newspaper published in Portland, Oregon from 1871 to 1887 by Abigail Scott Duniway, an active voice of reform and suffrage on the West Coast of the United States. Its motto was Free Speech, Free Press, Free People. The… … Wikipedia
Elections in Oregon — Federal offices Presidential elections 2000 · 2004 · 2008 Presidential primarie … Wikipedia
Eola, Oregon — CDP Former 1937 school in Eola … Wikipedia
List of suffragists and suffragettes — This is a list of suffragists and suffragettes who were campaigners for women s suffrage. Suffragists and suffragettes were often members of different societies which had the same aim, but used differing tactics: for example, suffragettes in the… … Wikipedia
William J. Bailey — Second Executive Committee In office 1844–1845 Preceded by First Executive Committee Succeeded by George Abernethy Constituency Oregon C … Wikipedia
David Thomas Lenox — Probate Judge of Washington County In office 1850–1852 Personal details Born December 8, 1802 … Wikipedia
Oregon City, Oregon — Oregon City redirects here. For other uses, see Oregon City (disambiguation). City of Oregon City City … Wikipedia