Potenza


Potenza

Infobox CityIT
img_coa = Potenza (PZ)-Stemma.png official_name = Comune di Potenza|name=Potenza
region = Basilicata
province = Potenza (PZ)
elevation_m = 819
area_total_km2 = 174
population_as_of = December 31, 2004
population_total = 69295
population_density_km2 = 401
timezone = CET, UTC+1
coordinates = coord|40|38|N|15|48|E
frazioni =
mapx=40.7
mapy=15.9
telephone = 0971
postalcode = 85100
gentilic =Potentini
saint = St. Gerard
day = May 30
mayor = Vito Santarsiero
website = [http://www.comune.potenza.it/ www.comune.potenza.it]

Potenza (pronounced|poˈtentsa) is a town and "comune" in the Southern Italian region of Basilicata (former Lucania). It is the capital of the province of Potenza and the Basilicata region.

The city is the highest regional capital and one of the highest provincial capitals in Italy, overlooking the valley of the Basento river in the Apennine Mountains of Lucania, east of Salerno. Its territory is bounded by the comuni of Anzi, Avigliano, Brindisi Montagna, Picerno, Pietragalla, Pignola, Ruoti, Tito, and Vaglio Basilicata.The actual Mayor is Vito Santarsiero(1955).

History

Ancient times

The first settlement of "Potentia" was probably located at a lower elevation than at present, some 10 km south of today's Potenza.

The Lucani of Potenza sided against Rome's enemies during the latter's wars against the Samnites and the Bruttii. Subjugated during the 4th century BC (later gaining the status of "municipium"), the Potentini rebelled after the Roman defeat at Cannae in 216 BC. However, the Battle of the Metaurus marked the end of any Carthaginian aspirations in Italy, and Potentia was reconquered by the Romans and reduced to the status of military colony.

Middle Ages

In the 6th century, the city passed to the Lombard Duchy of Benevento. The Saracens reached it before the Norman conquest of southern Italy. In the 12th century, Potenza became an episcopal see. In 1137, the city hosted Pope Innocent II and Emperor Lothair II during their failed attempt to conquer the Norman kingdom. In 1148 or 1149 in Potenza, Roger II of Sicily hosted king Louis VII of France, whom the Norman fleet had freed from the Saracens. After pillaging by Emperor Frederick II, the city remained loyal to the Hohenstaufen: as a result, it was almost totally destroyed by Charles I when the Angevin lord conquered the Kingdom of Sicily. On December 18, 1273, an earthquake further devastated the city.

Modern age

In the following years, the city existed quietly under various feudal owners. Potenza was the site of riots against Spanish domination, and in 1694 it was almost completely destroyed by another earthquake.

With the declaration of the Neapolitan Republic in 1799, Potenza was one of the first cities to rebel against the king. After temporary Bourbon repression, the city was conquered by the French army in 1806, and declared the capital of Basilicata. King Joachim Murat improved the city's living conditions and administration, and some urban improvements were introduced for the visit of Ferdinand II in 1846. A revolt broke out in 1848 and was again put down by Bourbon forces, and a third devastating earthquake followed in 1857. Potenza rebelled for the last time in 1860, before Garibaldi's revolutionary army brought about the unification of Italy.

In September 1943, the city suffered heavy Allied bombing. In 1980, another strong earthquake struck Potenza.

Main attractions

*The "Duomo" (Cathedral) of "San Gerardo", renovated in the 18th century. The cathedral still houses the rose window and the apse from the original 12th-century structure.
*The Church of "San Francesco", founded in 1274. The portal and the bell tower date from the 15th century. The church houses the De Grasis sepulchre and a "Madonna" in Byzantine style (13th century).
*The "Torre Guevara", the last remnant of the old castle. It is now used to stage art exhibitions.
*The "Palazzo Loffredo", a 17th century noble residence. it is now the seat of the "Dinu Adamesteanu" National Archaeological Museum.
*Three gatess of the old city walls, now demolished. The gates are the "Porta S.Giovanni", the "Porta S.Luca" and the " Porta S. Gerardo".
*The Romanesque church of "San Michele" (11th-12th centuries).
*The Church of "Santa Maria del Sepolcro".
*The ruins of a Roman villa in the Poggio Tre Galli quarter.
*the crepputo in rue san gerardo

Transportation

Potenza is a rail junction on the main line from Salerno to Taranto.

Notable people

*Tanio Boccia (1912-1982) - film director

Twin towns

*flagicon|USA Denver, USA

External links

* [http://www.comune.potenza.it/ Comune di Potenza]
* [http://www.melandroweb.it La Valle del Melandro]




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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Potenza S.C. — Potenza SC Logo de Potenza SC Le Potenza Sport Club (abrégé en Potenza SC) est un club de football italien, de la ville de Potenza, dans la région Basilicate, fondé en 1919. Il participe à la série C1, devenue Ligue Pro Première Division (promu… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Potenza SC — Logo de Potenza SC Le Potenza Sport Club (abrégé en Potenza SC) est un club de football italien, de la ville de Potenza, dans la région Basilicate, fondé en 1919. Il participe à la série C1, devenue Ligue Pro Première Division (promu en 2007).… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • potenza — /po tɛntsa/ (ant. potenzia /po tɛntsja/) s.f. [dal lat. potentia, der. di potens entis potente ]. 1. [condizione di chi può influire su qualcosa o qualcuno: ha molta p. all interno della ditta ] ▶◀ autorevolezza, autorità, forza, importanza, peso …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • Potenza — Potenza, 1) (sonst Potentia), Hauptstadt der neapolitan. Provinz Basilicata am Basente; Civiltribunal, Criminalhof, Bischof, Kathedrale, acht andere Kirchen, Seminar, Collegium; 12,000 Ew.; litt 1694 durch Erdbeben; 2) Fluß in der päpstlichen… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Poténza [1] — Poténza, Fluß in Mittelitalien, entspringt am Abhang des Monte Pennino (1572 m) im Römischen Apennin, durchfließt die Provinz Macerata gegen NO. und mündet bei Porto Recanati ins Adriatische Meer. Südwestlich von der Mündung der Flecken P. Picena …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Poténza [2] — Poténza, Hauptstadt der gleichnamigen ital. Provinz (s. oben), 826 m ü. M., auf einer Anhöhe am linken Ufer des Basento, an den Eisenbahnen Neapel Metaponto und P. Foggia, ist Sitz des Präfekten, eines Bischofs und einer Handelskammer, hat… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Potenza — Potenza, ital. Provinz mit gleichnamiger Hauptstadt, als Landschaft Basilicata genannt, grenzt an die Provinzen Foggia, Bari, Lecce, Cosenza, Salerno, Avellino, den Golf von Tarent und das Tyrrhenische Meer, umfaßt 9962 qkm (180,9 QM.) mit (1901) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon


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