1761


1761

Year 1761 (MDCCLXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1761

[
thumb|210px|right|_January 14: 3rd Battle of Panipat.]

January - June


* January 14 - Third Battle of Panipat: The Marathas are defeated by the Afghans.
* January 16 - The British capture Pondicherry, India from the French.
* February 8 - An earthquake in London breaks chimneys in Limehouse and Poplar.
* March 8 - A second earthquake occurs in North London, Hampstead and Highgate.
* June 6 - A transit of Venus occurs, and is observed from 120 locations around the Earth.

July - December


* September 8 - George III of the United Kingdom marries Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (Queen Charlotte).
* September 19 - The slave trade to and within Portugal is forbidden.
* September 22 - George III of the United Kingdom and Queen Charlotte are crowned.
* December 16 - Seven Years' War: After four months of siege, the Russians under Pyotr Rumyantsev take the Prussian fortress of Kolberg.

Undated

* In Dutch Guyana, a "state" formed by escaped slaves signs a treaty with the local governor.
* Matthew Boulton's "Soho Manufactory" opens.
* The tune to "Twinkle Twinkle Little Star" is published in France.
* Faber-Castell Company was founded by Kasper Faber in Nuremburg, Germany.

Ongoing events

* French and Indian War (1754-1763)
* Seven Years' War (1756-1763)

Births


* January 17 - James Hall, Scottish geologist (d. 1832)
* February 1 - Christian Hendrik Persoon, South African mycologist (d. 1836)
* February 16 - Charles Pichegru, French general (d. 1804)
* March 6 - Antoine-Francois Andreossy, French general (d. 1828)
* May 3 - August von Kotzebue, German dramatist (d. 1819)
* October 27 - Matthew Baillie, Scottish physician and pathologist (d. 1823)
* November 4 - Bertrand Andrieu, French engraver of medals (d. 1822)
* November 13 - John Moore, British general (d. 1809)
* November 20 - Pope Pius VIII (d. 1850)
* December 1 - Marie Tussaud, French wax modeller (d. 1850)
* December 27 - Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly, Russian military commander
*"date unknown" - Henry Shrapnel, British Army officer and inventor (d. 1842)

Deaths


* January 4 - Stephen Hales, English physiologist, chemist, and inventor (b. 1677)
* January 10 - Edward Boscawen, British admiral (b. 1711)
* February 1 - Pierre François Xavier de Charlevoix, French historian (b. 1682)
* April 4 - Theodore Gardelle, Swiss painter and enameler (b. 1722)
* April 9 - William Law, English minister (b. 1686)
* April 15 - Archibald Campbell, 3rd Duke of Argyll, Scottish politician (b. 1682)
* April 17 - Thomas Bayes, English mathematician (b. c. 1702)
* May 14 - Thomas Simpson, British mathematician (b. 1710)
* June 2 - Jonas Alströmer, Swedish industrialist (b. 1685)
* July 4 - Samuel Richardson, English writer (b. 1689)
* July 9 - Carl Gotthelf Gerlach, German organist (b. 1704)
* July 13 - Tokugawa Ieshige, Japanese shogun (b. 1712)
* August 3 - Johann Matthias Gesner, German classical scholar (b. 1691)
* September 8 - Bernard Forest de Bélidor, French engineer (b. 1698)
* November 30 - John Dollond, English optician (b. 1706)
* December 23 - Alestair Ruadh MacDonnell, Scottish Jacobite spy (b. c. 1725)


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