Gounder


Gounder

Gounder is a title used by various Tamil castes from Tamil Nadu state in India. It is primarily used by the Kongu Vellalar, who are, ritually a high caste involved in agriculture and mercantile activities. Kongu Vellalars are subdivided into numerous sub communities. They are present in the districts of Coimbatore, Erode, Salem, Dharmapuri and Nilagiris.

They were all originally agriculturalists and consider Kongu Nadu, an ancient division of Tamil Nadu as their ancestral land. [cite book|isbn=978-0761932925|author=Guilmoto, C|coauthors=Irudaya Rajan, S.|title=Fertility Transition in South India|pages=274|publisher=SAGE Publications|year=2005] [cite book|author=Mattison, M.|title=The Warrior Merchants: Textiles, Trade and Territory in South India|pages=95|isbn=978-0521267144|publisher=Cambridge University Press|year=1985]

Number of other castes such as Vanniar,Vettuvar and Gollar also use this tile. [Brill-Leiden, E.J. "Contributions to Asian Studies", P. 8] Gounders are noted for their upward social mobility, [citebook|title=Fraternal Capital: peasant-workers, self-made men and globalisation in provincial India|year=2004|publisher=Stanford University Press|author=Sharad Chari|isbn=9780804748735] as well as for practicing female infanticide, [Rajeswari Sundararajan, "Signposts: Gender Issues in Post-Independence India", p. 138] and engaging in violence against untouchable castes. [ [http://www.pucl.org/Topics/Dalit-tribal/2004/kalapatti-fact-findings.pdf Caste discrimination and untouchability practices] ]

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chinna Gounder — Official CD Cover Directed by R. V. Udayakumar Starring Vijayakanth …   Wikipedia

  • O. S. Duraisamy Gounder — O.S Durisamy Gounder is a politician from Tamil Nadu. Gounder, commonly known as OSD is from a wealthy, landowning family. As a seasoned politician and well polished man, he held the Member of the Legislative Council (MLC) positions in the State… …   Wikipedia

  • Navaneeda K Gounder — Navaneeda Krishna Gounder Personal information Full name Navaneeda Krishna Gounder Date of birth August 1, 1957 …   Wikipedia

  • Gunasagaran Gounder — Infobox Politician (general) name= Dr Gunasagaran Gounder imagesize=300 title= Member of House of Representatives (Fiji) term start= 1999 term end= 2006 predecessor= successor= title2= term start2= term end2= predecessor2= successor2=… …   Wikipedia

  • Kunguma Pottu Gounder — Infobox Film name = Kunguma Pottu Gounder caption = director = writer = starring = Sathyaraj Rambha producer = music = editor = released = runtime = language = Tamil country = India budget = imdb id =Kunguma Pottu Gounder is a South Indian Tamil… …   Wikipedia

  • K. Marappa Gounder — was an Indian politician and former Member of the Legislative Assembly of Tamil Nadu. He was elected to the Tamil Nadu legislative assembly as an Indian National Congress candidate from Avanashi constituency in, 1957, and 1962 elections.[1][2]… …   Wikipedia

  • P. N. Paramasiva Gounder — is an Indian politician and former Member of the Legislative Assembly of Tamil Nadu. He was elected to the Tamil Nadu legislative assembly as an Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam candidate from Palladam constituency in 1980, and 1984… …   Wikipedia

  • Urali gounder — Urali Gounders are sub sect of Gounder caste. They are populated largely in Trichy, Pudukottai, Perambalur, Karur, Dindigul, Salem, Sivagangai, Coimbatore and Madurai of Tamil Nadu State. Also, they are found with a countable numbers in… …   Wikipedia

  • Kongu Vellalar — *Gounder is a prominent caste in Kongu Nadu region, *Go to Kongu Vellala Gounder (caste) (approach: Postmodernist / traditional) for detailed history based on evidence.*Go to Vellala Gounder (approach: Modernist / Dravidian ) for introduction …   Wikipedia

  • Vettaikaranpudur — Infobox Indian Jurisdiction native name = Vettaikaranpudur | type = city | latd = | longd = state name = Tamil Nadu district = Coimbatore leader title = leader name = altitude = population as of = 2001 population total = 17,594| population… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.