Bathydraconidae


Bathydraconidae

Taxobox
name = Antarctic dragonfishes



image_caption = "Cygnodraco mawsoni"
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Actinopterygii
ordo = Perciformes
subordo = Notothenioidei
familia = Bathydraconidae
subdivision_ranks = Genera
subdivision = "Acanthodraco" "Akarotaxis" "Bathydraco" "Cygnodraco" "Gerlachea" "Gymnodraco" "Parachaenichthys" "Prionodraco" "Psilodraco" "Racovitzia" "Vomeridens" See text for species.

The Antarctic dragonfishes are a family, Bathydraconidae, of deep-sea perciform fishes. [FishBase family | family = Bathydraconidae | month = January | year = 2006] [ITIS | ID = 171110 | taxon = Bathydraconidae | date = 20 March | year = 2006]

They are benthopelagic fishes found in Antarctic waters. They are not fished commercially and little is known about them. [cite journal | journal = Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria | title = Studies on "Psilodraco breviceps" Norman, 1937 (Pisces, Nototheniodei, Bathydraconidae) from the region of South Georgia | author = Andrzej Kompowski | url = http://www.aiep.pl/abstract/pdf_1992/22_1_01.pdf | format = Dead link|date=May 2008]

pecies

There are seventeen described species in eleven genera:
* Genus "Acanthodraco"
** "Acanthodraco dewitti" Skóra, 1995.
* Genus "Akarotaxis"
** "Akarotaxis nudiceps" (Waite, 1916).
* Genus "Bathydraco"
** "Bathydraco antarcticus" Günther, 1878.
** "Bathydraco joannae" DeWitt, 1985.
** "Bathydraco macrolepis" Boulenger, 1907.
** Deepwater dragon, "Bathydraco marri" Norman, 1938.
** "Bathydraco scotiae" Dollo, 1906.
* Genus "Cygnodraco"
** "Cygnodraco mawsoni" Waite, 1916.
* Genus "Gerlachea"
** "Gerlachea australis" Dollo, 1900.
* Genus "Gymnodraco"
** "Gymnodraco acuticeps" Boulenger, 1902.
* Genus "Parachaenichthys"
** "Parachaenichthys charcoti" (Vaillant, 1906).
** "Parachaenichthys georgianus" (Fischer, 1885).
* Genus "Prionodraco"
** "Prionodraco evansii" Regan, 1914.
* Genus "Psilodraco"
** "Psilodraco breviceps" Norman, 1937.
* Genus "Racovitzia"
** "Racovitzia glacialis" Dollo, 1900.
** "Racovitzia harrissoni" (Waite, 1916).
* Genus "Vomeridens"
** "Vomeridens infuscipinnis" (DeWitt, 1964).

Molecular data support the split of bathydraconids into three clades: Bathydraconinae ("Bathydraco", "Prionodraco", "Racovitzia"), Gymnodraconinae ("Gymnodraco", "Psilodraco", "Acanthodraco"), and Cygnodraconinae ("Cygnodraco", "Gerlachea", "Parachaenichthys"). [cite journal | journal = Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. | year = 2002 | volume = 24 | issue = 1 | pages = 139–152 | title = Phylogeny of Antarctic dragonfishes (Bathydraconidae, Notothenioidei, Teleostei) and related families based on their anatomy and two mitochondrial genes | author = N. Derome, W. J. Chen, A. Dettai, C. Bonillo, G. Lecointre | url = http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=12128034&dopt=Abstract | doi = 10.1016/S1055-7903(02)00223-3]

References


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