Vittorio Veneto


Vittorio Veneto

:"This article is about the Italian city, for the World War I battle see Battle of Vittorio Veneto. For the WW2 battleship see Italian battleship Vittorio Veneto"Infobox CityIT
img_coa = Vittorio Veneto-Stemma.png official_name = Comune di Vittorio Veneto
name=Vittorio Veneto
mapx=45.97|mapy=12.36
region = Veneto
province = Treviso (TV)
elevation_m = 138
area_total_km2 = 82
population_as_of =
population_total = 29175
population_density_km2 = 356
timezone = CET, UTC+1
coordinates = coord|45|59|N|12|18|E
frazioni =Carpesica, Confin, Cozzuolo, Fadalto, Formeniga, Longhere, Nove, San Giacomo di Veglia
telephone = 0438
postalcode = 31029
gentilic =Vittoriesi
saint = San Tiziano and Santa Augusta
day = January 16, August 22
mayor = Giancarlo Scottà
website = [http://www.comuneweb.it/VittorioHome/shared/contenuto.phtml www.comuneweb.it/VittorioHome]

Vittorio Veneto is a city situated in the Province of Treviso, in the region of Veneto, Italy, in the northeast of the Italian peninsula, between the Piave and the Livenza rivers.

The political fractions of Vittorio Veneto include:Ceneda, Carpesica, Confin, Costa, Cozzulolo, Formeniga, Manzana, Maren, Meschio, S. Giacomo di Veglia, S.Andrea, Serravalle, Fadalto, Fais, Forcal, Nove, S. Lorenzo, Savassa, S.Floriano, S. Giustina.

Geography

The river Meschio passes down through the town from Serravalle through the district which bears its name.The north of Vittorio Veneto is straddled by mountains including the majestic Mt. Pizzoc.To the east is the state park and forest of Cansiglio; to the west, the hill country including Valdobbiadene where "prosecco" is made; and to the south is the commercial town of Conegliano.

History

Ancient

The area was occupied in ancient times by Celts and Veneti. During the first century BC Emperor Augustus established a "Castrum Cenetense" in what is now the heart of Serravalle to defend the Venetian plain. The Via Claudia Augusta passed near the city. LAter the town became known as "Ceneda" or "

The ancient pieve of Sant'Andrea in Bigonzo in the northeast of the city, on the southern end of Serravalle, attests to the presence of Christianity in the area by the 4th century.

Ceneda

Ceneda rose to importance after the destruction of Oderzo by the Lombards in 667 AD. It became the seat of a Lombard county. Near the heart of Ceneda and on a strategic mountain, the Lombards constructed the "castello di San Martino" which still overlooks the city.

In 685, the Lombard duke Grumoaldo organized Ceneda into a diocese, assigning to it a large part of the territory that had been under the care of the suppressed diocese of Oderzo. At the foot of the same height upon which the duke's castle had been built, a cathedral was constructed. St. Tiziano of Oderzo, whose relics are contained in the present cathedral, was named as patron of the diocese.

With the defeat of the Lombards in 774, Ceneda entered into the Frankish sphere. While the Lombard dukes of Cividale, Treviso, and Vicenza rebelled the following year, it seems the duke of Ceneda remained loyal to Charlemagne.

In 951, the Holy Roman Emperor Otto I invested the bishop of Ceneda with the title and prerogatives of count. The bishops would remain counts until 1768 when the privilege was revoked by the Venetian Republic.

The city was attacked by Treviso in the late 14th century. Much of what was stolen, including the relics of St. Tiziano, was restored after the intervention of the pope.

Ceneda became part of the Republic of Venice on December 19, 1389.

erravalle

Serravalle, just to the north of Ceneda, owes its origin to the Romans. In 1174, it became a fief of the Da Camino family. It would know its greatest splendor under the Republic of Venice from 1337 to 1797.

Modern era

On November 22, 1866, soon after the Veneto was annexed by the Kingdom of Italy, Ceneda and Serravalle were joined into one municipality.

In October 1918, Vittorio was the site of the last battle between Italy and Austria-Hungary during World War I. It led to the victory of Italy over the Austro-Hungarian Empire (Austrian-Italian Armistice of Villa Giusti) effective on 4 November 1918.

To recall this crucial victory, "Veneto" was attached to the city's name in 1923. Subsequently, many streets in other parts of Italy have been named "Via Vittorio Veneto".

List of (Count)-Bishops of Ceneda/Vittorio Veneto

Bishops of Ceneda

["Some series begin with Vindemius (579-591?), Ursinus (680- ?), and Satinus (731 - ?)."]

*Valentinianus (712-740)
*Maximus (741-790)
*Dulcissimus (c.793-?)
*Ermonius (c.827-?)
*Ripaldus (885-908)

Coterminously Bishops of Ceneda and Counts of Ceneda

*Sicardo (962-997), given title of count by Holy Roman Emperor
*Gauso (c.998-?)
*Bruno (1021)
*Elmengero (1021-1031)
*Almanguino (1050)
*Giovanni (1074)
*Roperto (1124)
*Sigismondo (1130)
*Azzone Degli Azzoni (1138-1152)
*Aimone (1152)
*Sgisfredo (1170-1187)
*Matteo Da Siena (1187-1216)
*Gerardo (1217)
*Alberto Da Camino (1220-1242)
*Guarnieri Da Polcenigo (1242-1251)
*Ruggero (1252-1267)
*Biaquino Da Camino (1257)
*Alberto Da Collo (1257-1260)
*Odorico (1260-1261)
*Prosapio Novello (1261-1279)
*Marco Da Fabiane (1279-1285)
*Piero Calza (1286-1300)
*Francesco Arpone (1300-1310), first count of Tarzo
*Manfredo Da Collalto (1310-1320)
*Francesco Ramponi (1320-1348)
*Gualberto De'Orgoglio (1349-1374)
*Oliverio (1374-1377)
*Andrea Calderini (1378-1381?)
*Giorgio Torti (1381-1383)
*Marco De'Porris (1383-1394), after 1389 bishops retain title of count but with duties of civil magistrates of the Venetian Republic
*Martino Franceschini (1394-1399)
*Piero Marcello (1399-1409)
*Antonio Correr (1409-1445)
*Piero Leoni (1445-1474)
*Nicolò Trevisan (1474-1498)
*Francesco Brevio (1498-1508)
*Marino Grimani (1508-1517)
*Domenico Grimani (1517-1520)
*Giovanni Grimani (1520-1531)
*Marino Grimani (1532-1540)
*Giovanni Grimani (1540-1545), second time
*Marino Grimani (1545-1546)
*Michele cardinal Della Torre (1547-1586), named cardinal 1583
*MarcAntonio Mocenigo (1586-1597), erected diocesan seminary
*Leonardo Mocenigo (1599-1623)
*Piero cardinal Valier (1623-1625), translated to Padua
*Marco Giustiniani (1625-1631)
*Marc Antonio Bragadin (1631-1639), translated to Vicenza
*Sebastiano Pisani (1639-1653)
*Albertino Barisoni (1653-1667)
*Piero Leoni (1667-1691)
*Marc Antonio Agazzi (1692-1710)
*Francesco Trevisan (1710-1725)
*Benedetto De Luca (1725-1739)
*Lorenzo da Ponte (1740-1768), born Venice, last count-bishop

Culture

Every year, the Concorso Nazionale Corale "Trofei Città di Vittorio Veneto" takes place at Vittorio Veneto. The best choirs from all over Italy compete.

The city is also host to a violin competition.

Language

Italian is spoken and taught in the schools. However, in daily conversation the local Venetian dialect, called "Vittoriese", is preferred. "Vittoriese" shares features with the dialects of both Treviso and Belluno and, therefore, serves almost as an intemediary between the two. Characteristics of "Vittoriese" distinguishing it from Venetian include the frequent dropping of final "o." When this occurs leaving a final "m," the "m" reduces to an "n." For example, Venetian "semo" (we are) become "sen." The first person singular of verbs ends in "e". Thus, "mi magne" serves for Venetian "mi magno" (I eat). Overall, "Vittoriese" remains intelligible to speakers of other dialects of the Venetian language.

Notable people born in or connected with Vittorio Veneto

* Albino Luciani (Pope John Paul I) – bishop of Vittorio Veneto from 1958 to 1969.
* Lorenzo Da Ponte – opera librettist for Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
* Ferdinando Botteon (Born 1904); Italian Violinist.
* Marcantonio Flaminio (born 1498) – Renaissance humanist.
* Emanuela Da Ros (born 1959) – children's books writer.
* Francesca Segat (born 1983) – Italian butterfly swimmer.
* Giampietro Bontempi – pianist.
* Ilario Castagner – soccer player.

ee also

* Battle of Vittorio Veneto
* Order of Vittorio Veneto
* Vittorio Veneto class battleship
*Cruiser Vittorio Veneto

References

*cite book|last=Sartori|first= Basilio|title=A Ceneda con S. Tiziano Vescovo e i suoi Successori (712-2005)|publisher=TIPSE|location=Vittorio Veneto|year=2005

External links

* [http://www.comuneweb.it/VittorioHome/shared/contenuto.phtml Vittorio Veneto Municipality web site]



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