- Vittorio Veneto
:"This article is about the Italian city, for the
World War Ibattle see Battle of Vittorio Veneto. For the WW2 battleship see Italian battleship Vittorio Veneto"Infobox CityIT
img_coa = Vittorio Veneto-Stemma.png
official_name = Comune di Vittorio Veneto
region = Veneto
province = Treviso (TV)
elevation_m = 138
area_total_km2 = 82
population_total = 29175
population_density_km2 = 356
timezone = CET, UTC+1
coordinates = coord|45|59|N|12|18|E
frazioni =Carpesica, Confin, Cozzuolo, Fadalto, Formeniga, Longhere, Nove, San Giacomo di Veglia
telephone = 0438
postalcode = 31029
saint = San Tiziano and Santa Augusta
January 16, August 22
mayor = Giancarlo Scottà
website = [http://www.comuneweb.it/VittorioHome/shared/contenuto.phtml www.comuneweb.it/VittorioHome]
Vittorio Veneto is a city situated in the Province of
Treviso, in the region of Veneto, Italy, in the northeast of the Italian peninsula, between the Piave and the Livenza rivers.
The political fractions of Vittorio Veneto include:Ceneda, Carpesica, Confin, Costa, Cozzulolo, Formeniga, Manzana, Maren, Meschio, S. Giacomo di Veglia, S.Andrea, Serravalle, Fadalto, Fais, Forcal, Nove, S. Lorenzo, Savassa, S.Floriano, S. Giustina.
The river Meschio passes down through the town from Serravalle through the district which bears its name.The north of Vittorio Veneto is straddled by mountains including the majestic Mt. Pizzoc.To the east is the state park and forest of
Cansiglio; to the west, the hill country including Valdobbiadenewhere "prosecco" is made; and to the south is the commercial town of Conegliano.
The area was occupied in ancient times by
Celtsand Veneti. During the first century BC Emperor Augustusestablished a "Castrum Cenetense" in what is now the heart of Serravalle to defend the Venetian plain. The Via Claudia Augustapassed near the city. LAter the town became known as "Ceneda" or "
The ancient pieve of Sant'Andrea in Bigonzo in the northeast of the city, on the southern end of Serravalle, attests to the presence of Christianity in the area by the 4th century.
Ceneda rose to importance after the destruction of
Oderzoby the Lombardsin 667 AD. It became the seat of a Lombard county. Near the heart of Ceneda and on a strategic mountain, the Lombards constructed the "castello di San Martino" which still overlooks the city.
In 685, the Lombard duke Grumoaldo organized Ceneda into a diocese, assigning to it a large part of the territory that had been under the care of the suppressed diocese of Oderzo. At the foot of the same height upon which the duke's castle had been built, a cathedral was constructed. St.
Tiziano of Oderzo, whose relics are contained in the present cathedral, was named as patron of the diocese.
With the defeat of the Lombards in 774, Ceneda entered into the Frankish sphere. While the Lombard dukes of
Cividale, Treviso, and Vicenzarebelled the following year, it seems the duke of Ceneda remained loyal to Charlemagne.
In 951, the
Holy Roman EmperorOtto I invested the bishop of Cenedawith the title and prerogatives of count. The bishops would remain counts until 1768 when the privilege was revoked by the Venetian Republic.
The city was attacked by
Trevisoin the late 14th century. Much of what was stolen, including the relics of St. Tiziano, was restored after the intervention of the pope.
Ceneda became part of the
Republic of Veniceon December 19, 1389.
Serravalle, just to the north of Ceneda, owes its origin to the Romans. In 1174, it became a fief of the
Da Caminofamily. It would know its greatest splendor under the Republic of Venicefrom 1337 to 1797.
November 22, 1866, soon after the Venetowas annexed by the Kingdom of Italy, Ceneda and Serravalle were joined into one municipality.
In October 1918, Vittorio was the site of the last battle between
Italyand Austria-Hungaryduring World War I. It led to the victory of Italy over the Austro-Hungarian Empire ( Austrian-Italian Armistice of Villa Giusti) effective on 4 November 1918.
To recall this crucial victory, "Veneto" was attached to the city's name in 1923. Subsequently, many streets in other parts of Italy have been named "Via Vittorio Veneto".
List of (Count)-Bishops of Ceneda/Vittorio Veneto
Bishops of Ceneda
["Some series begin with Vindemius (579-591?), Ursinus (680- ?), and Satinus (731 - ?)."]
Coterminously Bishops of Ceneda and Counts of Ceneda
Sicardo(962-997), given title of count by Holy Roman Emperor
Azzone Degli Azzoni(1138-1152)
Matteo Da Siena(1187-1216)
Alberto Da Camino(1220-1242)
Guarnieri Da Polcenigo(1242-1251)
Biaquino Da Camino(1257)
Alberto Da Collo(1257-1260)
Marco Da Fabiane(1279-1285)
Francesco Arpone(1300-1310), first count of Tarzo
Manfredo Da Collalto(1310-1320)
Marco De'Porris(1383-1394), after 1389 bishops retain title of count but with duties of civil magistrates of the Venetian Republic
Giovanni Grimani(1540-1545), second time
Michele cardinal Della Torre(1547-1586), named cardinal 1583
MarcAntonio Mocenigo(1586-1597), erected diocesan seminary
Piero cardinal Valier(1623-1625), translated to Padua
Marc Antonio Bragadin(1631-1639), translated to Vicenza
Marc Antonio Agazzi(1692-1710)
Benedetto De Luca(1725-1739)
*Lorenzo da Ponte (1740-1768), born Venice, last count-bishop
Every year, the Concorso Nazionale Corale "Trofei Città di Vittorio Veneto" takes place at Vittorio Veneto. The best choirs from all over Italy compete.
The city is also host to a violin competition.
Italian is spoken and taught in the schools. However, in daily conversation the local Venetian dialect, called "Vittoriese", is preferred. "Vittoriese" shares features with the dialects of both
Trevisoand Bellunoand, therefore, serves almost as an intemediary between the two. Characteristics of "Vittoriese" distinguishing it from Venetian include the frequent dropping of final "o." When this occurs leaving a final "m," the "m" reduces to an "n." For example, Venetian "semo" (we are) become "sen." The first person singular of verbs ends in "e". Thus, "mi magne" serves for Venetian "mi magno" (I eat). Overall, "Vittoriese" remains intelligible to speakers of other dialects of the Venetian language.
Notable people born in or connected with Vittorio Veneto
* Albino Luciani (Pope John Paul I) – bishop of Vittorio Veneto from 1958 to 1969.
Lorenzo Da Ponte– opera librettist for Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
* Ferdinando Botteon (Born 1904); Italian Violinist.
* Marcantonio Flaminio (born 1498) – Renaissance humanist.
Emanuela Da Ros(born 1959) – children's books writer.
Francesca Segat(born 1983) – Italian butterfly swimmer.
* Giampietro Bontempi – pianist.
* Ilario Castagner – soccer player.
Battle of Vittorio Veneto
* Order of Vittorio Veneto
Vittorio Veneto class battleship
*Cruiser Vittorio Veneto
*cite book|last=Sartori|first= Basilio|title=A Ceneda con S. Tiziano Vescovo e i suoi Successori (712-2005)|publisher=TIPSE|location=Vittorio Veneto|year=2005
* [http://www.comuneweb.it/VittorioHome/shared/contenuto.phtml Vittorio Veneto Municipality web site]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Vittorio Veneto — Vittorio Veneto … Deutsch Wikipedia
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VITTORIO VENETO, — VITTORIO VENETO, town in N. Italy, formed in 1866 by the union of the two adjacent towns of Serravalle and Ceneda. The presence of Jews in Serravalle is attested in 1398, but nothing is known of their subsequent history. In 1597 Israel di… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
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