- Cream City brick
Cream City brick is a cream or light yellow-colored brick made from a clay found around Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in the Menomonee River Valley and on the western banks of Lake Michigan. These bricks were one of the most common building materials used in Milwaukee during the mid and late 19th century, giving the city the nickname "Cream City" and the bricks the name "Cream City bricks".
Cream City bricks are made from a red clay containing elevated amounts of lime and sulfur; this clay is common in regions of Wisconsin, especially near Milwaukee. When the bricks are fired, they become creamy-yellow in color.
Although light-colored when first made, Cream City bricks are porous, causing them to absorb dirt and other pollutants; this tends to make structures constructed out of them dark-colored as time passes. Once Cream City bricks absorb pollutants, they are difficult to clean, a problem with which restoration experts in Milwaukee have been facing since the 1970s. Initially, sandblasting was attempted; however, it not only proved to be ineffective, but damaged the bricks. Currently, chemical washes are accepted as the most effective method of cleaning Cream City bricks. The historic Trimborn Farmhouse in Greendale, Wisconsin is an example of brick that has been cleaned to reveal its original color.
Structures built with Cream City brick
Cream City bricks are well-known for their durability; many buildings constructed with them in the 19th century still stand today. An example of the durability of Cream City brick is Trinity Evangelical Lutheran Church, which was built more than 125 years ago. However, since there were numerous brickmakers in the area, brick quality varied and some of the bricks were not manufactured properly: the Big Sable Point Lighthouse was constructed of Cream City brick, but it had degraded so much in 35 years that it had to be encased in iron plating. See also, Grosse Point Light, which had to be encased in concrete.
Because the regional headquarters of the United States Lighthouse Board responsible for building lighthouses around Lake Michigan was located in Milwaukee, many of them are built with Cream City bricks, including Kenosha Southport Lighthouse, the Eagle Bluff Lighthouse, the McGulpin Point Light, the Old Mackinac Point Light, and many others.
- A National League baseball team which played in Milwaukee in 1878 was commonly known as the Cream Citys.
Building detail showing Cream City brick from the Valentin Blatz Brewing Company Complex in downtown Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
Old Mackinac Point Light, a non-Milwaukee use of Cream City brick built in 1892.
- Pepper, Terry (2003-03-25). "The story of Cream City brick". Seeing the Light: Lighthouses of the western Great Lakes. http://www.terrypepper.com/lights/closeups/cream_city_brick/cream_city_brick.htm. Retrieved 2006-10-04.
- Paulsen, Eric (2004-11-19). "Cream City brick built Milwaukee's name". OnMilwaukee.com Travel and Visitor's Guide. http://www.onmilwaukee.com/visitors/articles/creamcitybrick.html. Retrieved 2006-10-04.
City of Milwaukee
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Cream City Collectives — 1 year anniversary party The Cream City Collectives (CCC) are a volunteer run collective space located at 732 E. Clarke St. in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. It hosts The Mathilde Anneke Infoshop, the Milwaukee Screenprinting Collective, the CCC Gallery… … Wikipedia
Wisconsin Cream City Chorus — Infobox musical artist Name = Wisconsin Cream City Chorus Landscape = Yes Background = classical ensemble Alias = WCCC Origin = flagicon|USA Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States Instrument = 20 30 voices Genre = Broadway, choral, classical, jazz,… … Wikipedia
Cream cheese — Source of milk Cow Texture Soft Aging time none Cream Cheese in the USA Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz) … Wikipedia
List of city nicknames in Wisconsin — This list of city nicknames in Wisconsin compiles the aliases, sobriquets and slogans that Wisconsin s cities and towns are known by (or have been known by historically), officially and unofficially, to local residents, outsiders or their tourism … Wikipedia
Circuit City Stores — This article is about the defunct company that operated from 1949 to 2009. For the online retailer owned by Systemax, see CircuitCity.com. Circuit City Stores, Inc. The final 2001 2009 logo Former type Public … Wikipedia
Jersey City Museum — Shuttered museum building October 2011 Jersey City Museum is a former art museum that was most recently located in the Van Vorst Park section of Downtown Jersey City, New Jersey. Serving a diverse community, the Museum collects, exhibits,… … Wikipedia
Oyster Point City Center — City Center at Oyster Point is one of the fastest growing central business districts in the Oyster Point section of Newport News, Virginia. It is a 52 acre high density mixed use development that has convert|230000|sqft|m2| 3|abbr=on. of Retail… … Wikipedia
Tea brick — Block tea redirects here. For the encryption algorithm, see Block TEA. A compressed brick of pu erh tea . Individual leaves can be seen on the surface of the brick. Tea bricks (traditional Chinese: 磚茶; simplified Chinese … Wikipedia
San Francisco City Hall — General information Type Government offices Location 1 Dr. Carlton B. Goodlett Place … Wikipedia
List of city nicknames in the United States — This partial list of city nicknames in the United States compiles the aliases, sobriquets and slogans that cities are known by (or have been known by historically), officially and unofficially, to municipal governments, local people, outsiders or … Wikipedia