Banti's syndrome


Banti's syndrome

Banti's syndrome (also known as Banti's disease) is a chronic congestive enlargement of the spleen [DorlandsDict|nine/000950693|Banti disease] resulting in premature destruction of the red blood cells by the spleen. However, the term Banti's syndrome is a term that was used "in the past" (but isn't any longer) to describe patients with splenomegaly, hypersplenism and portal hypertension without cirrhosis and without occlusion of the portal venous system. [ [http://www.parkhurstexchange.com/qa/A.php?q=/qa/Gastroenterology/1997-02-26.qa Parkhurst Exchange Q & A] ]

It is named for Guido Banti. [WhoNamedIt|synd|475]

Pathogenesis

The basic pathology is some kind of obstructive pathology in the portal, hepatic or splenic vein that causes obstruction of venous blood flow from the spleen towards the heart. The cause of such obstruction may be abnormalities present at birth (congenital) of certain veins, blood clots, or various underlying disorders causing inflammation and obstruction of veins (vascular obstruction) of the liver.

Clinical presentation

Enlargement of spleen, ascites, jaundice, and the result of destruction of various blood cells by spleen - anemia,leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, gastrointestinal tract bleeding - may constitute the presenting symptoms.

External links

* [http://www.webmd.com/hw/hepatitis/nord722.asp WebMD article]
* [http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Banti's+syndrome Free Dictionary article]
* [http://www.pubmedcentral.com/articlerender.fcgi?artid=424896 1937 article in The Journal of Clinical Investigation]

Organization

Organizations related to Banti's syndrome are:
* [http://www.liverfoundation.org American Liver Foundation]
* [http://www.niddk.nih.gov NIH/National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse]

Notes


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Banti's syndrome — noun a disease characterized by congestion and enlargement of the spleen; accompanied by anemia or cirrhosis • Syn: ↑Banti s disease • Hypernyms: ↑blood disease, ↑blood disorder * * * noun see banti s disease …   Useful english dictionary

  • Banti's syndrome — a disorder in which enlargement and overactivity of the spleen occurs as a result of increased pressure within the splenic vein. The commonest cause is cirrhosis of the liver. G. Banti (1852 1925), Italian pathologist …   Medical dictionary

  • Banti's syndrome — a disorder in which enlargement and overactivity of the spleen occurs as a result of increased pressure within the splenic vein (see hypersplenism, splenomegaly). The commonest cause is cirrhosis of the liver. [G. Banti (1852–1925), Italian… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Синдром Банти (Banti'S Syndrome) — хроническое, по видимому, инфекционное заболевание, связанное с увеличением и нарушением функции селезенки; сопровождается повышением давления в селезеночной вене, анемией, рецидивирующими желудочно кишечными кровотечениями, желтухой, асцитом и… …   Медицинские термины

  • Banti's disease — Ban·ti s disease .bänt ēz n a disorder characterized by congestion and great enlargement of the spleen usu. accompanied by anemia, leukopenia, and cirrhosis of the liver called also Banti s syndrome Banti Guido (1852 1925) Italian physician.… …   Medical dictionary

  • Banti's disease — noun a disease characterized by congestion and enlargement of the spleen; accompanied by anemia or cirrhosis • Syn: ↑Banti s syndrome • Hypernyms: ↑blood disease, ↑blood disorder * * * noun or banti s syndrome …   Useful english dictionary

  • syndrome — The aggregate of symptoms and signs associated with any morbid process, and constituting together the picture of the disease. SEE ALSO: disease. [G. s., a running together, tumultuous concourse; (in med.) a concurrence of symptoms, fr. syn,… …   Medical dictionary

  • Banti — Guido, Italian physician, 1852–1925. See B. disease, B. syndrome …   Medical dictionary

  • List of eponymous diseases — An eponymous disease is one that has been named after the person who first described the condition. This usually involves publishing an article in a respected medical journal. Rarely an eponymous disease may be named after a patient (examples… …   Wikipedia

  • List of diseases (B) — A listing of diseases in the English wikipedia.DiseasesTOC BaBab Bam* Baber s syndrome * Babesiosis * Bacterial endocarditis * Bacterial food poisoning * Bacterial gastroenteritis * Bacterial meningitis * Bacterial pneumonia * Bacterial vaginalis …   Wikipedia


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