Gastald


Gastald

A gastald (Latin "gastaldus" or "castaldus", Italian "gastaldo" or "guastaldo") was a Lombard official in charge of some portion of the royal demesne (a "gastaldia" or "castaldia") with civil, martial, and judicial powers. By the "Edictum Rothari" of 643, the gastalds were given the civil authority in the cities and the reeves the like authority in the countryside. Under the Lombard dominion, territories were delimited by "giudicati" or "judgments" among the several " gastaldi". From the immediate region of Parma and of Piacenza, numerous such "giudicati" survive, which cover the range of Lombard rule. The documents follow the same formalized structure, of which one between the gastaldo Daghiberto and the "gastaldo" Immo was adjudged by Adaloald, at Ticino, November 615.

As paid officials with direct allegiance to the roving Lombard kings, whose seat was nominally at Pavia, the "gastaldi" were often in conflict with the dukes, the great Lombard territorial magnates who pursued policies of autonomy. By the 9th century, the powers of the "gastaldi" had devolved to largely administrative ones. The title gradually disappeared over the final century of Lombard power, surviving only in a few instances, especially in the Mezzogiorno, where ducal Lombard power continued for another two hundred years, for example at Capua, which was included in the Lombard Duchy of Benevento and where the count's title remained "gastaldo" as late as the ninth century, when Gastaldo Landulfo began strenuously to establish his independence. About 1200, in his "Magna derivationes", Uguiccione of Pisa included "gastradeus" [sic., a copyist's slip for "gastaldeus"] given the meaning "rector loci", the "administrator of a place". [H. D. Austin, "Germanic Words in Uguiccione's Lexicon" "Speculum" 23.2 (April 1948:273-283) p. 276.]

In Milan, the institution of "gastaldi" endured within the cathedral chapter until the close of the Middle Ages. In the Arsenal of Venice, the "gastaldi" endured to the arrival of Napoleon, in the form of confraternities of craftsmen in the shipyards; the sign of the carpenters' guild, painted under the direction of "Misier" Zacharia d'Antonio in 1517 and renewed in 1753, under the "gastaldia" of Francesco Zanotto "gastaldo" and company, is in the Museum of Venetian History, Venice. [Illustrated in Fernand Braudel, "The Wheels of Commerce", 19 82, vol. II of "Civilization and Capitalism" p 314.]

In Old High German, "gastaldus" came to denote a steward. "Castaldy" appears in Middle English" with an abstract meaning of "stewardship"; the specific function, however, remained foreign to Anglo-Saxon or Norman institutions.

Notes

References

*HDS|46308|Gastaldus|author=Paolo Ostinelli


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • gastald — gàstald m DEFINICIJA pov. 1. u langobardskoj Italiji (6 8. st.) upravitelj pojedinih kraljevskih imanja 2. u Mletačkoj Republici lokalni nosilac upravne i sudske vlasti ETIMOLOGIJA mlet. gastaldo, tal. castaldo …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Gastald — Solidus représentant l effigie (à gauche) de Sico, gastald d Acerenza et futur duc de Bénévent (817 832) Le gastald (latin : gastaldus ; italien gastaldo) était dans le royaume lombard d Italie un fonctionnaire responsable de la gestion …   Wikipédia en Français

  • gastáld — a m (ȃ) zgod. upravitelj gastaldije z upravno, sodno in gospodarsko funkcijo …   Slovar slovenskega knjižnega jezika

  • Capua — Infobox CityIT img coa =Capua Stemma.png official name = Comune di Capua name=Capua mapx=41.02 mapy=14.15 region = Campania province = Caserta (CE) elevation m = area total km2 = 30 population as of = December 31, 2004 population total = 43139… …   Wikipedia

  • Sico of Benevento — Sico I (c. 758 ndash;832) was the Lombard prince of Benevento from the 817 to his own death in 832 or 834. Before that, he was the gastald of Acerenza. On the assassination of Grimoald IV, Sico succeeded to the princely throne. He made the same… …   Wikipedia

  • Lando I of Capua — Lando I (died 861) was the count of Capua from 843. He was the eldest son and successor of Landulf the Old. Like his father, he supported Siconulf against Radelchis in the civil war dividing the Principality of Benevento in the 840s. It was Lando …   Wikipedia

  • Lando III of Capua — Lando III (died 885) was the count of Capua for two years and ten months from 882 to his death. He was a son of Landenulf, gastald of Teano, and grandson of Landulf I of Capua. In 879, when Landulf II died, Lando seized Calino and Caiazzo and… …   Wikipedia

  • Sergius I of Naples — Sergius I (died 864) was the first duke of Naples of his dynasty, often dubbed the Sergi, which ruled over Naples for almost three centuries from his accession in 840 until the death of his namesake Sergius VII in 1137. Sergius was originally the …   Wikipedia

  • Lambert I of Spoleto — Lambert I (died 880) was the duke and margrave ( dux et marchio ) of Spoleto on two occasions, first from 859 to 871 and then from 876 to his death. Lambert was the eldest son of Guy I of Spoleto and Itta, daughter of Sico of Benevento. He… …   Wikipedia

  • Emirate of Bari — The Emirate of Bari was a short lived Saracen state (emirate) centred on the south Italian city of Bari from 847 to 871. It was the most lasting episode in the history of Islam in peninsular southern Italy. Bari first became the subject of Arab… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.