Camp X


Camp X

Camp X was the unofficial name of a Second World War paramilitary and commando training installation, on the northwestern shore of Lake Ontario between Whitby and Oshawa in Ontario, Canada. The area is known today as Intrepid Park, after the code name for Sir William Stephenson, founder of the Special Operations Executive and its successor, MI-6.

Overview

Camp X was established December 6, 1941 by the British Security Coordination's (BSC) chief, Sir William Stephenson, a Canadian from Winnipeg, Manitoba and a close confidante of Winston Churchill and Franklin Delano Roosevelt.cite book |title= Camp X |author= Eric Walters |coauthors= |year=2002 |publisher=Puffin Canada |location= |isbn= 0-14-131328-5|pages=229] The camp was originally designed to link Britain and the United States at a time when the US was forbidden by the Neutrality Act to be directly involved in World War II.After the attack on Pearl Harbor and America's entrance into the war, Camp X opened for the purpose of training Allied agents from the Special Operations Executive, Federal Bureau of Investigation, and American Office of Strategic Services to be dropped behind enemy lines as saboteurs and spies.

Camp X was jointly operated by the BSC and the Government of Canada. The official names of the camp were many: S 25-1-1 by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), Project-J by the Canadian military, and STS-103 (Special Training School 103) by the SOE (Special Operations Executive), a branch of the British intelligence service MI-6.

Camp X trained over five hundred Allied units of which 273 of these graduated and moved on to London for further training. Many secret agents were trained here. The Camp X pupils were schooled in a wide variety of special techniques including silent killing, sabotage, partisan support & recruitment methods for resistance movements, demolition, map reading, skilled use of various weapons, and Morse code.

Hydra

One of the unique features of Camp X was Hydra, a highly sophisticated telecommunications centre. Given the name by the Camp X operators, Hydra was invaluable for both coding and decoding information in relative safety from the prying ears of German radio observers. The camp was an excellent location for the safe transfer of code due to the topography of the land; Lake Ontario made it an excellent site for picking up radio signals from the UK. Hydra also had direct access via land lines to Ottawa, New York and Washington, D.C. for telegraph and telephone communications.

Postwar

Legend has it that the trainees included Ian Fleming, later famous for his James Bond books, though there is evidence against this claim. [cite book | author = Chancellor, Henry | year = 2005 | title = James Bond: The Man and His World | publisher = John Murray | id = ISBN 0-7195-6815-3] The character of James Bond was supposedly based on Sir William Stephenson and what Fleming learned from him.

In the fall of 1945 Camp X was used by the RCMP as a secure location for interviewing Soviet embassy cypher-clerk Igor Gouzenko who defected to Canada September 5 and revealed an extensive Soviet espionage operation operating in the country.

There are no longer any buildings from Camp X on the site located on Boundary Road in Whitby, Ontario. All that indicates the site is a four flagged Monument with a plaque indicating it as the former site.

References

* "Inside Camp X " by Lynn Philip Hodgson, with a foreword by Secret Agent Andy Durovecz (2003) - ISBN 0-9687062-0-7

Notes

External links

* [http://www.campxhistoricalsociety.ca Camp X website]
* [http://www.camp-x.com Camp-X Student's resource]
* [http://webhome.idirect.com/~lhodgson/camp-x.htm Camp X Teachers' and Students' resource]
*


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • camp — camp …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • camp — [ kɑ̃ ] n. m. • fin XVe lit de can; forme normanno picarde ou provenç. de champ; lat. campus I ♦ 1 ♦ Zone provisoirement ou en permanence réservée pour les rassemblements de troupes de toutes armes, soit pour des manœuvres, des exercices (camp d… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • câmp — CÂMP, câmpuri, s.n. şi (1, astăzi mai ales în expr.) câmpi, s.m. 1. Întindere vastă de pământ fără accidente însemnate de teren; şes, câmpie; spec. întindere de pământ cultivată, semănată; totalitatea ogoarelor din jurul unei comune. ♢ Munca… …   Dicționar Român

  • camp — CAMP. subst. masc. Le lieu où une armée se loge en ordre. Camp retranché, ouvert, fortifié. Camp bien ordonné. Camp avantageux. Dans tous les quartiers du camp. Il a mis, il a posé son camp. en tel endroit. À la tête du camp. La garde du camp. Se …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • Camp — (k[a^]mp), n. [F. camp, It. campo, fr. L. campus plant, field; akin to Gr. kh^pos garden. Cf. {Campaign}, {Champ}, n.] 1. The ground or spot on which tents, huts, etc., are erected for shelter, as for an army or for lumbermen, etc. Shak. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Camp — or encampment may refer to:Outdoor accommodation and recreation* Campsite or campground, a recreational outdoor sleeping and eating site * Resources camp erected for logging, fishing, mining, etc. * Summer camp, typically organized for groups of… …   Wikipedia

  • Camp — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El Camp es una estética en que basa su atractivo en un valor irónico o un cierto mal gusto. Cuando apareció el término, en 1909, se utilizaba para referirse a comportamientos ostentosos, exagerados, afectados,… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Camp Ma-Ho-Ge — Camp Ma Ho Ge, located in Bethel, New York in Sullivan County and about one mile from the 1969 Woodstock Music Festival, was the summer home for hundreds of kids from early 1920s through 1977, when the camp was sold. Ma Ho Ge was the first… …   Wikipedia

  • camp — Camp, Castra, castrorum, Praesidia, praesidiorum, Statiua castra. B. ex Liuio, voyez Champ de bataille. Un camp arresté, Un fort, Statiua, statiuorum: vel Statiuae, statiuarum. Asseoir le camp, Castra facere, Castra metari, Castra ponere. J ay… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • camp — Camp. s. m. Le lieu où une armée en corps se poste avec ordre. Camp retranché, ouvert, fortifié. camp bien ordonné. camp avantageux. dans tous les quartiers du camp. il a mis, il a posé son camp en tel endroit. à la teste du camp. la garde du… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.