Bruno Heim


Bruno Heim

Bruno Bernard Heim (5 March 1911 - 18 March 2003) was the Vatican's first Apostolic Nuncio to Britain and was one of the most prominent armorists of twentieth century ecclesiastical heraldry.

Early life

Bruno Bernard Heim was born in Olten, Switzerland, the son of a stationmaster and his wife, Bernard and Elisabeth Heim-Studer. His artistic talent was evident at an early age. He was introduced to heraldry at the age of 16 when a college professor persuaded him to illustrate a book the professor was writing. Thus began a lifelong interest in the subject.

Education

In 1934 Heim earned a doctorate in Philosophy at the Pontifico Collegio Internazionale "Angelicum" in Rome, and went on to study theology in Rome, at Freiburg University and at Solothurn, Switzerland.

He was ordained a priest in 1938 and worked as a curate in two Swiss parishes. In 1942 he returned to Rome to study at the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy, later returning to Switzerland. He earned a doctorate in Canon law from the Gregorian University in 1946.

Career

Heim's diplomatic career began in January 1947, when he was assigned to the Nunciature in Paris to become personal secretary to Archbishop Angelo Roncalli, the future Pope John XXIII. Heim stayed in Paris for four years, during which time the two of them laid the foundations for a renaissance of heraldry in the Roman Catholic Church.

Heim was next sent to the Vienna Nunciature in 1951. He maintained close contact with Roncalli, who commissioned him to design his new coat of arms as Patriarch of Venice. When Roncalli was elected Pope in 1958, he asked Heim to design his papal coat of arms. The new Pope asked Mgr. Heim to be the head of a new heraldic secretary in the Vatican but Heim not only declined, he advised against such an authority. It would, in his eyes, have been stifling the artistry that is a great part of the attraction of heraldry (Heim 1978).

Heim was made Apostolic Delegate to Scandinavia in 1961, and titular archbishop of Xanthus, a defunct see. When asked where Xanthus was, Heim would jokingly reply: "Most of it is now in the British Museum" ("The Telegraph" 2003). In 1966 he was appointed Pro-Nuncio to Finland, and in 1969, Pro-Nuncio to Egypt.

In 1973 he became apostolic delegate to England ("The Guardian" 2003). He was known as a personal friend of the Queen Mother, and he liked to gossip with journalists. In 1976 he persuaded the Vatican to appoint Basil Hume as Archbishop of Westminster. When Pope John Paul II visited England in 1982, England and the Vatican had established full diplomatic relations, and Heim became the Apostolic Pro-Nuncio, the Vatican's first fully-fledged ambassador to the Court of St James since the Reformation. When he retired as a diplomat in 1985, "The Times" referred to him as "tact personified" ("The Independent" 2003).

Although possibly considered a "maverick" by English heraldry standards, he was in time responsible for the designs of the coat of arms of four popes, from Pope John XXIII to Pope John Paul II ("The Independent" 2003). In 1978, he had written in "Heraldry in the Catholic Church" that letters of the alphabet should be avoided as heraldic charges, but supported the letter "M" in John Paul II's coat of arms because Polish heraldry has "frequent inclusion of letters" ("The Telegraph" 2003). After he retired from diplomacy in 1985, he wrote "Or et Argent" (1994), where he examined the "Rule of tincture", presenting more than 300 coats of arms where the rule had been broken ("The Independent" 2003).

Archbishop Heim served as patron of Cambridge University Heraldic and Genealogical Society from 1980 until his passing in 2003 at the age of 92. He was also Grand Prior of the Sacred Military Constantinian Order of St. George (Sainty n.d.).

Publications

*Heim, Bruno Bernard. "Wappenbrauch und Wappenrecht in der Kirche". Walter AG, Olten 1947.
*Heim, Bruno Bernard. "Coutumes et Droit Héraldiques de l'Eglise". Beauchesne, Paris 1949.
*Heim, Bruno Bernard. "Armorial: Armorial Liber Amicorum". Gerrards Cross, UK: Van Duren, 1981, (ISBN 0-905715-16-0).
*Heim, Bruno Bernard. "Heraldry in the Catholic Church: Its Origins, Customs, and Laws", New Jersey: Humanities Press Inc, 1978 (ISBN 0-391-00873-0).
*Heim, Bruno Bernard. "Or and Argent", Gerrards Cross, Buckinghamshire, England, UK, Van Duren, 1994, (ISBN 0-905715-24-1).

References

* [http://www.constantinianorder.org/english/necrologies.html Necrologies 1969-2008] Sacred Military Constantinian Order of St. George. Accessed 2008-01-21.
* Guy Stair Sainty. [http://www.chivalricorders.org/vatican/main2.htm The Papal Orders] "ChivalricOrders.org". Accessed 2008-01-21.
* [http://www.guardian.co.uk/news/2003/mar/25/guardianobituaries.religion The Most Rev Bruno Heim] (25 March 2003) "The Guardian". Accessed 2008-02-12.
* [http://www.independent.co.uk/news/obituaries/the-most-rev-bruno-heim-730155.html The Most Rev Bruno Heim] (26 March 2003) "The Independent". Accessed 2008-02-12.
* [http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?view=DETAILS&grid=&targetRule=10&xml=%2Fnews%2F2003%2F03%2F24%2Fdb2401.xml The Most Reverend Bruno Heim] (23 March 2003) "The Telegraph". Accessed 2008-02-12.

External links

*HDS|9868|Bruno Heim|author=Urban Fink


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bruno Bernard Heim — Bruno Bernhard Heim (* 5. März 1911 in Olten; † 18. März 2003) war Erzbischof, erster Nuntius in Großbritannien und bedeutender kirchlicher Heraldiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bruno Bernhard Heim — (* 5. März 1911 in Olten; † 18. März 2003 ebenda) war Erzbischof, erster Nuntius in Großbritannien und bedeutender kirchlicher Heraldiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Heim — steht für: Wohnsitz, den Ort vorrangigen Lebensinteresses Heimat, das Konzept von „Zuhause“ die Kurzform für Altenheim die Kurzform für Pflegeheim das Kurzwort für verschiedene meist soziale und fürsorgliche Einrichtungen, siehe Heimerziehung… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bruno S. — Bruno S. (* 2. Juni 1932 als Bruno Schleinstein in Berlin Friedrichshain; † 11. August 2010 in Berlin)[1][2] war ein deutscher Straßenmusikant und Schauspieler, „der unbekannte Soldat des deutschen Films“, wie Werner Herzog es ausdrückt; seinen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bruno S — Bruno S. (* 2. Juni 1932 als Bruno Schleinstein) ist ein deutscher Straßenmusikant und Schauspieler, „der unbekannte Soldat des deutschen Films“, wie sein Entdecker Werner Herzog es ausdrückt; seinen Nachnamen hat Bruno S. bei seinen Filmen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bruno Tanzmann — (* 1. Dezember 1878 in Alt Hörnitz bei Zittau/Oberlausitz[1]; † 28. August 1939[2] in Hellerau[3] (heute Stadtteil von Dresden)) war ein völkischer Schriftsteller und Verleger. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bruno Mathsson — in seinem Heim in Värnamo 1950 Bruno Mathsson (* 13. Januar 1907 in Värnamo, Schweden; † 17. August 1988 ebenda) war neben Carl Malmsten und Yngve Ekström einer der bedeutendsten Möbeldesigner Schwedens, der einige der klassischen Objekte des …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bruno von Salomon — (* 7. Februar 1900 in Stettin; † 8. Juni 1952 in Hamburg) war ein deutscher Journalist, politischer Aktivist (KPD), Spanienkämpfer und Mitglied der französischen Résistance. Der ältere Bruder des Schriftstellers Ernst von Salomon galt neben Claus …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bruno Bernhard Heim — Les armoiries du pape Jean XXIII, créées par Bruno Bernhard Heim. Bruno Bernhard Heim, né le 5 Mars 1911 et décédé le 18 Mars 2003, fut le premier nonce apostolique auprès de la Cour de St James, en Grande Bretagne depuis la Réforme. Il est connu …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bruno, S. (1) — 1S. Bruno, Conf. et Ord. Carthusianorum Fundator (6. Oct.). Nach Wachter entweder aus dem Isländischen bruna, oder aus dem Angelsächs. bryme, welche beide die Bedeutung von glänzend, berühmt haben; daher Bruno = der Berühmte. Der hl. Bekenner… …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.