Barbizon school


Barbizon school

The Barbizon school (circa 1830–1870) of painters is named after the village of Barbizon near Fontainebleau Forest, France, where the artists gathered.

The Barbizon painters were part of a movement towards realism in art which arose in the context of the dominant Romantic Movement of the time.

In 1824 the Salon de Paris exhibited works of John Constable. His rural scenes influenced some of the younger artists of the time, moving them to abandon formalism and to draw inspiration directly from nature. Natural scenes became the subjects of their paintings rather than mere backdrops to dramatic events.

During the Revolutions of 1848 artists gathered at Barbizon to follow Constable's ideas, making nature the subject of their paintings.

One of them, Jean-François Millet, extended the idea from landscape to figures — peasant figures, scenes of peasant life, and work in the fields. In "The Gleaners" (1857), Millet portrays three peasant women working at the harvest. There is no drama and no story told, merely three peasant women in a field.

The leaders of the Barbizon school were Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot, Théodore Rousseau, Jean-François Millet and Charles-François Daubigny; other members included Jules Dupré, Narcisse Virgilio Diaz, Charles Olivier de Penne, Henri Harpignies, Albert Charpin, Félix Ziem, François-Louis Français and Alexandre DeFaux.

Both Rousseau (1867) and Millet (1875) died at Barbizon.

Charpin Albert Original from Grasse, France, in 1842, died in Asnieres in 1924. A pupil of Daubigny, painter of natural landscapes with shepherds girls and her guardian dog taking care of the animals, cows and sheep. It is characteristic of his paintings the quaint and serenity of his actors, in a context of early morning light, with cloudy skies. One of his paintings "Le Retour à la Ferme" is found at the Musèe des Beaux-Arts de Chambery. He is well known member of the Barbizon School. His paintings are found in Museums and private collections in Europe, America an Official Sites of Latin America, like Argentina and Brazil.

ee also

* Gustave Courbet
* Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot
* Karl Bodmer
* H. I. Marlatt
* American Barbizon school
* Art colony
* Naturalism (art)
* landscape art

References

Joconde-Catalogues des Collections des Musees de France. Ministère de la culture

External links

* [http://mushecht.haifa.ac.il/hecht/art/frenchart_eng.aspx Hecht Museum]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Barbizon school — Bar bi zon school, or Barbison school Bar bi son school, . (Painting) A French school of the middle of the 19th century centering in the village of Barbizon near the forest of Fontainebleau. Its members went straight to nature in disregard of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Barbizon School — [bär′bə zän΄; ] Fr [ bȧr bē zōn′] n. a group of French romantic landscape painters (including Millet, Corot, Théodore Rousseau, and Daubigny) who settled in Barbizon, a village in N France, in the mid 19th cent …   English World dictionary

  • Barbizon School — /bahr beuh zon / a group of French painters of the mid 19th century whose landscapes and genre paintings depicted peasant life and the quality of natural light on objects. [named after Barbizon, village near Paris, where the painters gathered] *… …   Universalium

  • Barbizon School —    Situated near the Fontainebleau forest, outside of Paris, Barbizon was a favorite gathering place of landscape painters during the mid 19th century. The style of these painters of the Barbizon School was derived especially from that of camille …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Barbizon School — 19th century group of French landscape painters who worked chiefly in the village of Barbizon (northern France) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Barbizon School — /ˈbabəzɒn skul/ (say bahbuhzon skoohl) noun a group of French landscape painters of the late 19th century, including Théodore Rousseau and Charles Daubigny, who worked chiefly at Barbizon, a village in northern France …   Australian English dictionary

  • Barbizon School — /bahr beuh zon / a group of French painters of the mid 19th century whose landscapes and genre paintings depicted peasant life and the quality of natural light on objects. [named after Barbizon, village near Paris, where the painters gathered] …   Useful english dictionary

  • Barbizon School —  Group of French landscape painters, among them Millet, Daubigny, and Rousseau …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • American Barbizon school — The American Barbizon School was a group of painters and style partly influenced by the French Barbizon school. American Barbizon artists concentrated on painting rural landscapes often including peasants or farm animals.William Morris Hunt was… …   Wikipedia

  • Barbizon — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Barbizon País …   Wikipedia Español


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