Marineland of Florida, USA — dolphin show, 1964
The Oceanarium in Lisbon, Portugal

An oceanarium can be either a marine mammal park, such as Marineland of Florida, or a large-scale aquarium, such as the Lisbon Oceanarium, presenting an ocean habitat with marine animals, especially large ocean dwellers such as sharks.


Marine mammal parks

Marineland of Florida, one of the first theme parks in Florida, USA, started in 1938, claims to be "the world's first oceanarium", while Ocean Park in Hong Kong claims to be "the world's largest oceanarium".

Marineland of Florida was developed as Marine Studios near St. Augustine in Marineland, Florida, which was followed in Florida by Miami Seaquarium, opened in 1955 and in California by Marineland of the Pacific, opened in 1954 near Los Angeles, and Marine World, Africa USA, opened in 1968 near San Francisco.
SeaWorld San Diego was opened in 1964, developed by four fraternity brothers Milt Shedd, Ken Norris, David DeMott and George Millay. SeaWorld Aurora opened in 1970 near Cleveland, Ohio. SeaWorld Orlando was opened in 1973. SeaWorld (San Diego, Aurora, Orlando) was sold to Harcourt Brace Jovanovich (a publishing company listed on the New York Stock Exchange) in 1976. They purchased Marineland of the Pacific in 1986 and closed the park. They had opened SeaWorld San Antonio in 1988. In 1989 they sold SeaWorld (San Diego, Aurora, Orlando, San Antonio) to Anheuser-Busch, the world's largest brewer and owner of the Busch Gardens Safari Parks, for US$ 1.1 billion. In 2001, Anheuser-Busch sold the Ohio park which finally ceased its activities in 2004. In the capital of Kazakhstan is situated the only Oceanarium in Central Asia

World's largest marine life park

The Marine Life Park located within Resorts World Sentosa, (Sentosa, Singapore), is set to be the world’s largest oceanarium, with 700,000 fish in 20 million gallons of water. Resorts World Sentosa has made research and education cornerstones of this attraction, which aims to inspire, educate and enrich the understanding and protection of the oceans.

Marine public aquariums

Modern marine aquariums try to create natural environments. A host of marine animals swim together in the four-story cylindrical tank of the New England Aquarium in Boston, which opened in 1969. At the National Aquarium in Baltimore, which opened in 1981, a walkway spirals up through the center of two gigantic cylindrical tanks, the Atlantic Coral Reef and the Open Ocean, which display sharks, sawfish, and other sea creatures. Since then, many new aquariums have sought even greater realism, often concentrating on local environments. The richly endowed Monterey Bay Aquarium in California, which opened in 1984, is an outstanding example.[1]

See also


  1. ^ Taylor, Leighton R., Aquariums: Windows to Nature, Prentice Hall General Reference, New York, 1993. ISBN 0671850199

Further reading

  • Lou Jacobs, Wonders of an oceanarium: The story of marine life in captivity. Golden Gate Junior Books, 1965.
  • Joanne F. Oppenheim, Oceanarium. BBooks, 1994. ISBN 0-553-09520-X.
  • Patryla, Jim. (2005). A Photographic Journey Back To Marineland of the Pacific. Lulu Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4116-7130-0.

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • oceanarium — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. n V, lm M. oceanariumria {{/stl 8}}{{stl 7}} zespół akwariów, basenów lub wydzielony obszar morskich wód przybrzeżnych, przeznaczony do hodowli oraz badań zwierząt i roślin oceanicznych; często udostępniony do zwiedzania… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • oceanarium — ☆ oceanarium [ō΄shə ner′ē əm ] n. pl. oceanariums or oceanaria [ō΄shə ner′ē ə] [ OCEAN + (AQU)ARIUM] a large salt water aquarium for ocean fish and animals …   English World dictionary

  • Oceanarium — Un oceanarium est un établissement ouvert au public, spécialisé dans la présentation d espèces animales marines, vivant dans un habitat océanique ou pélagique, au sein d aquariums de grande taille contenant plusieurs millions de litres d eau de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • oceanarium — UK [ˌəʊʃəˈneərɪəm] / US [ˌoʊʃəˈnerɪəm] noun [countable] Word forms oceanarium : singular oceanarium plural oceanaria or oceanariums tourism a) a very large glass or plastic container where fish and other water animals from the sea are kept. An… …   English dictionary

  • oceanarium — /oh sheuh nair ee euhm/, n., pl. oceanariums, oceanaria / nair ee euh/. a large saltwater aquarium for the display and observation of fish and other marine life. [1935 40; OCEAN + ARIUM, modelled on AQUARIUM] * * * ▪ saltwater aquarium… …   Universalium

  • oceanarium — okeanariumas statusas T sritis ekologija ir aplinkotyra apibrėžtis Jūros vandens baseinas jūros gyvūnams laikyti, veisti ir demonstruoti. atitikmenys: angl. oceanarium vok. Ozeanarium, n rus. океанарий; океанариум, m …   Ekologijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • oceanarium — noun (plural iums or oceanaria) Date: 1938 a large marine aquarium …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • oceanarium — a large seawater aquarium …   Dictionary of ichthyology

  • oceanarium — n VI; lm M. oceanariumria, D. oceanariumriów «akwarium z okazami fauny i flory oceanicznej» ‹z łac.› …   Słownik języka polskiego

  • oceanarium — [ˌəʊʃə nɛ:rɪəm] noun (plural oceanariums or oceanaria rɪə) a large seawater aquarium. Origin 1940s: from ocean, on the pattern of aquarium …   English new terms dictionary

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