Prime Minister of Russia


Prime Minister of Russia
Chairman of the Government
of the Russian Federation
Председатель Правительства Российской Федерации
Coat of Arms of the Russian Federation.svg
Coat of arms of the Russian Federation
Incumbent
Vladimir Putin

since 8 May 2008
Residence White House, Moscow
Appointer The President
Inaugural holder Sergei Witte
Formation 6 November 1905
Website Official website(English)
Russia

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Russia



Other countries · Atlas
Politics portal
view · talk · edit

The Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation (Russian: Председатель Правительства Российской Федерации, colloquially referred to as the Prime Minister (Russian: Премьер-министр) is the second most powerful official of the Russian Federation, who, under Article 24 of the Federal Constitutional Law On the Government of the Russian Federation, "heads the Government of the Russian Federation".[1]

The use of the term "Prime Minister" is strictly informal and is not allowed for by the Russian Constitution and other laws.

Due to central role of the President of Russia in the political system, the activities of the executive branch (including the Prime Minister) are significantly influenced by the head of state (for example, it is the President who appoints and dismisses the Prime Minister and other members of the Government; the President may chair the meetings of the cabinet and give obligatory orders to the Prime Minister and other members of the Government, the President may also revoke any act of the Government).

Contents

Historical background

During the Imperial era, the Chairman of the Russian Council of Ministers, referred to as the prime minister, was appointed by the Emperor; his precursor, the Chairman of the Committee of Ministers, had no separate power.

In the era of the Soviet Union, the head of government was the Chairman of Council of People's Commissars (until 1946) and the Chairman of the Council of Ministers (after 1946). People who held those positions are sometimes referred to as the prime ministers. They may have also been referred to as Premier of Ministers, or simply premier.

The current Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation is Vladimir Putin.

Duties and competences

In general, the Prime Minister serves more of an administrative role, nominating members of the Cabinet and implementing domestic policy. In accordance with the federal constitutional law "On the Government of the Russian Federation" the Prime Minister exercises the following duties:

  • determines the operating priorities of the Government and organizes its work in accordance with the Constitution, federal constitutional laws, federal laws and Presidential decrees;
  • submits to the President proposals on the structure and functions of the central institutions of the executive branch (e.g. ministries and federal agencies);
  • nominates the vice prime ministers, federal ministers and other officers and presents them to the President;
  • submits to the President proposals on punishment and rewards of the Government members;
  • represents the Government as an institution in foreign relations and inside the country;
  • heads the sessions of the Government and its Presidium where he has the decisive vote;
  • signs the acts of the Government;
  • distributes duties among members of the Government;
  • systematically informs the President about the Government activities;

The Prime Minister is a member of:

In addition to his main duties and functions as the head of the cabinet Prime Minister Vladimir Putin chairs the following coordinating and consultative bodies at the Russian government:

  • Government commission monitoring foreign investments in Russia;
  • Council on competitiveness and enterprise in the Russian government;
  • Governmental commission on drafting budget for the next fiscal and planning period;
  • State border commission;

At the moment Prime Minister Vladimir Putin also holds the posts of:

  • First deputy chairman of the presidential council on national priority projects and demographic policy (appointed by presidential decree of 10 July 2008);
  • Chairman of the Supervisory Board of the Bank for Development and Foreign Economic Affairs (Vnesheconombank, or VEB);
  • Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Union State of Russia and Belarus;

The incumbent Prime Minister is also a technically non-partisan leader of the United Russia party, which commands a constitutional majority in the State Duma.

Appointment

The Chairman of the Government is appointed by the President of Russia, subject to the consent of the State Duma. Unlike most other "Prime Ministers", who are also elected members of the legislative body or parliament, the Chairman of the Government of Russia can be any Russian citizen, as long as they do not also hold citizenship of another country.

Under law, the President shall nominate a new Chairman of the Government within two weeks of the resignation of a previous government or inauguration ceremony of President. The State Duma is to discuss the matter within two weeks of the nomination and make a decision. Should the State Duma decide to give the President its approval, the President may immediately sign the respective appointment decree. Should the State Duma refuse to give its approval, the President will have to nominate another (or the same) candidate within one week of the rejection of the previous candidate.

Should the State Duma reject candidates nominated by the President for three times consecutively, the President shall dissolve it and call a new election, while the Prime Minister shall be appointed by the President without participation of the Duma. The State Duma may not be dissolved on these grounds during the last six months of the incumbent President's term, as well as in time of emergency, or war and in the event that the State Duma has initiated the impeachment of the incumbent President.

Other members of the Russian Government are appointed and dismissed by the President upon recommendation of the Chairman.

Removal from office

The Prime Minister may be dismissed by the President at any time at the President's own discretion. The Chairman may also tender his resignation to the President on his own initiative. The President may reject such resignation and oblige him to work further. The Prime Minister and the whole government are constitutionally obliged to resign after the inauguration of a newly-elected President. The resignation of the Prime Minister automatically means the resignation of the whole government as a body.

Under certain circumstances, the President may also theoretically be forced to dismiss the Chairman and the whole government under pressure of the State Duma. For that to happen the State Duma has to pass a censure motion against the Government twice within three months. Normally, in this case the President has the right to choose whether to sack the government or to dissolve the Duma (and if the Duma passes the censure motion just once, the President may also choose "not to agree" with the decision of the Duma, which technically means that neither the cabinet nor the Duma are dismissed).[citation needed]

However, within one year from parliamentary elections the dissolution of the Duma is impossible on these grounds. That is why in this case the President does not have any other option but to dismiss the Government (even if he totally supports it). However, the President is theoretically free to appoint the very same person as an acting head of the cabinet for an indefinite period of time should finding a compromise with the parliament turn to be impossible.

Succession of the presidency

In case of the President's death, resignation or impeachment, the Prime Minister becomes a temporary president until new presidential elections which must take place within three months. The Prime Minister acting as president may not dissolve the State Duma, announce a referendum or propose amendments to the Constitution.

List of Heads of Government

See also

References

Links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • prime minister — prime ministerial /pruym min euh stear ee euhl/, adj. prime ministership, n. prime ministry. the principal minister and head of government in parliamentary systems; chief of the cabinet or ministry: the British prime minister. [1640 50] * * * or… …   Universalium

  • Prime minister — This article is about the government position. For other uses, see Prime Minister (disambiguation). A Prime Minister is the most senior minister of cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. The position is usually… …   Wikipedia

  • Deputy prime minister — A deputy prime minister or vice prime minister is, in some counties, a government minister who can take the position of acting prime minister when the prime minister is temporarily absent. The position is often likened to that of a vice president …   Wikipedia

  • Russia–Sudan relations — refers to the bilateral relations between Russia and Sudan. Russia has an embassy in Khartoum and Sudan has an embassy in Moscow.For decades, Russia and Sudan have maintained a strong economic and politically strategic partnership. Due to… …   Wikipedia

  • RUSSIA — RUSSIA, former empire in Eastern Europe; from 1918 the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (R.S.F.S.R.), from 1923 the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.); from 1990 the Russian Federation. Until 1772 ORIGINS The penetration… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Minister of Health (France) — Minister of Health and Solidarity is currently a cabinet position in the Government of France. The health portfolio oversees the healthcare public services and the health insurance part of the French Social Security. As French ministerial… …   Wikipedia

  • Minister of Foreign Affairs (Bangladesh) — Minister of Foreign Affairs Government of People s Republic of Bangladesh Ministry of Foreign Affairs …   Wikipedia

  • Russia for Russians — ( ru. Россия для русских, Rossiya dlya russkih ) is a political slogan and nationalist doctrine, encapsulating the range of ideas from bestowing the ethnic Russians with exclusive rights in the Russian state to expelling all non Russians from the …   Wikipedia

  • Russia — /rush euh/, n. 1. Also called Russian Empire. Russian, Rossiya. a former empire in E Europe and N and W Asia: overthrown by the Russian Revolution 1917. Cap.: St. Petersburg (1703 1917). 2. See Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. 3. See Russian… …   Universalium

  • Russia–Ukraine gas dispute — The dispute between Russian state owned gas supplier Gazprom and Ukraine over natural gas prices started in March 2005 (over the price of natural gas and prices for the transition of Gazprom s gas to Europe). The two parties were unable to reach… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.