Chamarajanagar district


Chamarajanagar district
Chamarajanagara District
—  district  —
Chamarajanagara District
Location of Chamarajanagara District
in Karnataka and India
Coordinates 12°00′N 77°18′E / 12°N 77.3°E / 12; 77.3Coordinates: 12°00′N 77°18′E / 12°N 77.3°E / 12; 77.3
Country India
State Karnataka
Subdistrict(s) Yelandur, Gundlupet, Chamarajanagara, Kollegal, Hanur
Headquarters Chamarajanagara town
Deputy Commissioner
Population

Density

965,462 (2001)

189 /km2 (490 /sq mi)

Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Area 5,101 square kilometres (1,970 sq mi)

Chamarajanagara (Kannada: ಚಾಮರಾಜನಗರ) is the southern-most district in the state of Karnataka, India. It was carved out of the original larger Mysore District in the year 1998. Chamarajanagara town is the headquarters of this district.[1]

It is the third least populous district in Karnataka (out of 30), after Kodagu and Bangalore Rural.[2]

Contents

History

Chamarajanagar was earlier known as Arikottara. Chamaraja Wodeyar, the Wodeyar king of Mysooru was born here and hence this place was renamed after him. The Vijaya Parsvanath Basadi, a holy Jain shrine was constructed by Punisadandanayaka, the commander of the Hoysala king Gangaraja in the year 1117 A.D.

Geography

Being the southernmost district of Karnataka, Chamarajanagara district borders the state of Tamil Nadu and Kerala. Specifically, it borders Mysooru district of Karnataka to the west and north, Mandya and Bengalooru districts of Karnataka to the north-east, Dharmapuri district of Tamil Nadu to the east, Salem and Erode districts of Tamil Nadu to the south-east, Nilgiris district of Tamil Nadu to the south and Wayanad district of Kerala to the south-west.

Most of the district lies in the leeward region of the Nilgiris and consists of mainly semi-arid rain-dependent flatlands along with forested hills.

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Chamarajanagar district has a population of 1,020,962,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Cyprus[3] or the US state of Montana.[4] This gives it a ranking of 441st in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 200 inhabitants per square kilometre (520 /sq mi) .[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 5.75 %.[2] Chamarajanagar has a sex ratio of 989 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 61.12 %.[2]

Having a large percentage of forest cover, the district also has a high population of forest-dwelling tribals; prominent among them are the Soligas, Yeravas, Jenu Kurubas and Betta Kurubas. These tribals have their own dialect and their total population is said to be around 82000. The literacy level of Chamarajanagara district is 51%.

Further Information

Since much of the southern area of the district is dense forest, it provided good refuge to the notorious bandit Veerappan, responsible for the death of over a hundred policemen. He was shot dead in an encounter with the specially formed Special Task Force (STF) on 18 October 2004, in Dharmapuri district, Tamil Nadu. He had been on the run for over two decades. The presence of illegal quarrying for black stone imposes a great threat to the forests in the region.

References

  1. ^ http://chamrajnagar.nic.in/home.html
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. http://www.census2011.co.in/district.php. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  3. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2119rank.html. Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Cyprus 1,120,489 July 2011 est." 
  4. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. http://2010.census.gov/2010census/data/apportionment-pop-text.php. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Montana 989,415" 

External links



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chamarajanagar (Lok Sabha constituency) — Chamarajanagar Lok Sabha constituency (Kannada: ಚಾಮರಾಜನಗರ ಲೋಕ ಸಭೆ ಚುನಾವಣಾ ಕ್ಷೇತ್ರ) is one of the 28 Lok Sabha constituencies in Karnataka state in southern India. This constituency is reserved for the Scheduled Castes. This constituency came into …   Wikipedia

  • Chamarajanagar — This article is about the municipality in India. For its namesake district, see Chamarajnagar district. Chamarajanagara ಚಾಮರಾಜನಗರ   town   …   Wikipedia

  • Chamarajanagar Town — This article is about Chamarajanagar town. For Chamarajanagar district please see this article.Infobox Indian Jurisdiction native name=Chamarajanagara ಚಾಮರಾಜನಗರ locator position=right latd = 11.9260|longd=76.9402 state name=Karnataka… …   Wikipedia

  • Chamarajanagar (Distrikt) — Distrikt Chamarajanagar ಚಾಮರಾಜನಗರ ಜಿಲ್ಲೆ Bundesstaat: Karnataka Division: Myso …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mysore district — This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Mysore. Mysore district ಮೈಸೂರು ಜಿಲ್ಲೆ   district   …   Wikipedia

  • Dharmapuri district — This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Dharmapuri. Dharmapuri District தருமபுரி(தர்மபுரி) மாவட்டம்   district   …   Wikipedia

  • Nilgiris district —   district   …   Wikipedia

  • Wayanad district — Wayanad   district   …   Wikipedia

  • Kannur district — Infobox Indian Jurisdiction native name=Kannur type=district hq=Kannur latd = 11.8689 | longd=75.35546 state name=Kerala abbreviation=IN KL KNR collector=Sasidhar Sreenivas area total=2966 area magnitude=9 population total = 2412365 population… …   Wikipedia

  • Mandya district — This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Mandya. For the city, see Mandya. Mandya district ಮಂಡ್ಯ ಜಿಲ್ಲೆ   district   …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.