- Walla Walla (tribe)
Walla Walla (IPAEng|ˌwɑləˈwɑlə, or approximately "WALL-uh WALL-uh", and meaning "many rivers"fact|date=August 2007) is a Native American group from the northwestern United States.
Many Walla Walla live on the
Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation. The Walla Walla share land and a governmental structure with the Cayuseand the Umatilla tribes as part of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla. The reservationis located in the area Pendleton, Oregon, United States, near the Blue Mountains.
The people are a Sahaptin-speaking group which traditionally inhabited the
Columbia Plateauregion of the northwestern United States. The Walla Walla occupied the territory along the Walla Walla Riverand along the junction of the Snake and Columbia Rivers in a territory that is now part of northern Oregon and southeastern Washington state in the United States before the coming of white settlers.
The Walla Walla encountered the Lewis and Clark both in 1805, during their trip down the Columbia River, and in 1806 during their return upriver. The Americans were welcomed warmly by the Walla Walla chief Yellepit (whose name is also spelled Yelleppit and Yellepitt). Yellepit's village was on the Columbia River near the mouth of the Walla Walla River. [ [http://www.pbs.org/lewisandclark/native/wal.html Walla Walla Indians] , Lewis and Clark, PBS] Lewis and Clark stayed for several days in April, 1806. Various presents were exchanged and goods traded. Notably, Yellepit presented Clark with a white horse. The chief requested a copper kettle in return, but the Americans had already given away all their kettles, so Clark gave Yellepit his own sword, along with a quantity of gunpowder and musket balls. [ [http://www.ohs.org/education/oregonhistory/historical_records/dspDocument.cfm?doc_ID=04FBB693-DEA7-0337-D451B3D5A12D9D80 Yelleppit and the Walla Walla] , The Oregon History Project] Lewis and Clark also gave Yellepit a peace medal engraved with a portrait of Thomas Jefferson, to be worn around the neck, and a small American flag. The next non-native to reach the Walla Walla region was David Thompson of the Canadian-British
North West Company, who arrived in 1811. Thompson had placed a pole at Snake Riverjunction with the Columbia, about five miles upriver from Yellepit's village. Thompson attached a letter to the pole claiming the territory for the British Crown and stating that the North West Company intended to build a trading post at the site. Continuing downriver, Thompson stopped at Yellepit's village and discovered the American "claims" in the form of Yellepit's flag and medal. Neither Lewis and Clark or Thompson had much power to actually lay claim to the region, rather these acts and tokens served more like reminders of each nation's activities in the region. Thompson's pole and letter was intended for the traders of the Pacific Fur Company, an American rival to the North West Company. Thompson found Yellepit very friendly and intelligent, and the two talked at length. Notwithstanding his friendship with the Americans, Yellepit was very supportive of the idea of Canadians setting up a trading post nearby. Thompson decided that the junction of the Snake River with the Columbia would be an excellent place for a trading post. [cite book |last= Nisbet |first= Jack |title= Sources of the River: Tracking David Thompson Across Western North America |year= 1994 |publisher= Sasquatch Books |isbn= 1-57061-522-5 |pages= pp. 202-203] For various reasons no such post was built until 1818, when the North West Company established Fort Nez Percesat the mouth of the Walla Walla River.
The Confederation opened a
casinoin 1995, multiplying its budget sevenfold and cutting unemploymenton the reservation in half.
* [http://www.umatilla.nsn.us Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Walla Walla, Washington — Infobox Settlement official name = Walla Walla, Washington settlement type = City nickname = motto = imagesize = image caption =Walla Walla business district with historic Marcus Whitman hotel visible to the left. image image mapsize = 250px map… … Wikipedia
Walla Walla County, Washington — Infobox U.S. County county = Walla Walla County state = Washington map size = 225 founded = April 25, 1854 seat = Walla Walla | area total sq mi =1299 area land sq mi =1271 area water sq mi =29 area percentage = 2.21% census yr = 2000 pop = 55180 … Wikipedia
Walla Walla — can refer to: *Walla Walla (tribe), a Native American tribe after which the county and City of Walla Walla, Washington are named *MV Walla Walla, a Jumbo Class ferry in the Washington State Ferry System * A song by The Offspring, appearing on… … Wikipedia
Walla-Walla Indians — • A Shahaptian tribe dwelling on the Walla Walla River and the Columbia in Washington and Oregon, from Snake River to the Umatilla Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Walla Walla Indians Walla Walla Indians … Catholic encyclopedia
Walla Walla River — The Walla Walla River is a tributary of the Columbia River, joining the Columbia just above Wallula Gap in southeastern Washington in the United States. The river flows through Umatilla County, Oregon and Walla Walla County, Washington.… … Wikipedia
Walla Walla people — Sahaptin Tribal Representatives to Washington D.C. (1890) (Credit: University of Washington Digital Collections) Walla Walla ( … Wikipedia
Warm Springs (tribe) — The Warm Springs are a Native American tribe from northern Oregon. The were also known as the Walla Walla.cite web |url= http://www.warmsprings.com/Warmsprings/Tribal Community/History Culture/ |title= History Culture|publisher= Confederated… … Wikipedia
Palus (tribe) — ethnic group group=Palus poptime= popplace=flagcountry|United States (Washington) (Oregon) (Idaho) rels= langs=English, Salishan, Sahaptin related=Colville, Sanpoil, Nespelem, Sinixt, Wenatchi, Entiat, Methow, Southern Okanagan, Sinkiuse Columbia … Wikipedia
Umatilla (tribe) — The Umatilla are a Sahaptin speaking Native American group living on the Umatilla Indian Reservation, who traditionally inhabited the Columbia Plateau region of the northwestern United States.The Umatilla share land and a governmental structure… … Wikipedia
List of counties in Washington — AD AS BE CH CM … Wikipedia