Satin


Satin

Satin is a cloth that typically has a glossy surface and a dull back. It is a warp-dominated weaving technique that forms a minimum number of interlacings in a fabric. If a fabric is formed with a satin weave using filament fibers such as silk, nylon, or polyester, the corresponding fabric is termed a "satin". If the yarns used are short-staple yarns such as cotton, the fabric formed is considered a sateen.

A satin-woven fabric tends to have a high luster due to the high number of "floats" on the fabric. Floats are "missed" interlacings, where the warp yarn lies on top of the weft yarn, or vice versa. The floats tend to make the fabric look glossier as well as give it a smoother "hand" in most cases.

Many variations can be made of the basic satin weave including a Granite weave and a Check weave. Satin weaves, twill weaves, and plain weaves are the three basic types of weaving by which the majority of woven products are formed.

Satin is commonly used in apparel: satin baseball jackets, athletic shorts, women's lingerie, nightgowns, and evening gowns, but also in some men's boxer shorts, shirts and neckties, interior furnishing fabrics, upholstery, and bed sheets. It is also used in the production of pointe shoes for use in ballet.

Origins

Satin began in the Middle Ages as a term for the more lustrous types of the heavy and luxurious silk fabric samite. ["Clothing Of The Thirteenth Century", 1928 [http://www.oldandsold.com/articles09/clothes-22.shtml on-line text] ).]

ee also

*Sateen

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • satin — satin …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • satin — [ satɛ̃ ] n. m. • XIVe; esp. acetuni, cetuni, ar. zaituni « de la ville de Tsia Toung (Zaitun) » en Chine 1 ♦ Étoffe de soie, moelleuse et lustrée sur l endroit, sans trame apparente. Le brillant, le chatoiement du satin. « L impératrice était… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • satin — SATIN. s. m. Sorte d estoffe de soye, unie, platte & luisante. Satin de Gennes. satin de Tours, de Bruges, de la Chine. satin plein. satin figuré. satin à fleurs. satin rayé. gros satin. petit satin. satin blanc, gris, noir. orangé, rouge, &c.… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • satin — SATÍN s.n. Ţesătură deasă de mătase, de bumbac, de fibre sintetice etc., cu una dintre feţe lucioasă, folosită mai ales pentru căptuşeli. [var.: satén s.n.] – Din fr. satin. Trimis de claudia, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  satín s. n. Trimis de… …   Dicționar Român

  • Satin — Sat in, n. [F. satin (cf. Pg. setim), fr. It. setino, from seta silk, L. saeta, seta, a thick, stiff hair, a bristle; or possibly ultimately of Chinese origin; cf. Chin. sz t[ u]n, sz twan. Cf. {Sateen}.] A silk cloth, of a thick, close texture,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • satın — almaq – 1) pulla almaq. Taxılı çəki ilə satın almaq. – Əlbəttə, müftə mal harada idi, pul ilə satın alaq. M. F. Axundzadə; 2) məc. pulla, rüşvətlə əldə etmək, öz tərəfinə çəkmək, öz iradəsinə tabe etmək. <Gültəkin Dövlət bəyə:> Siz məni… …   Azərbaycan dilinin izahlı lüğəti

  • Satin — Sm ein Gewebe per. Wortschatz fach. (13. Jh.), mhd. satin Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus afrz. satin, dieses über spanische Vermittlung aus arab. zaitūnī, eigentlich (Seide) aus Zaitūn ; so bezeichnet nach dem arabischen Namen der chinesischen Stadt… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Satin — Satin: Mhd. satin »Seidengewebe« ist entlehnt aus gleichbed. afrz. satin, das wohl durch span. Vermittlung (span. aceituní) aus arab. (aṭlas) zaytūnī »Seide aus Zaytūn« stammt. Dies ist eigentlich der arab. Name der chinesischen Hafenstadt… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • satin — mid 14c., from O.Fr. satin (14c.), perhaps from Arabic (atlas) zaytuni, lit. (satin) from Zaitun, a Chinese city, perhaps modern Tsinkiang in Fukien province, southern China, which was a port in the Middle Ages. The form of the word perhaps… …   Etymology dictionary

  • satin — [sat′ n] n. [ME < MFr < Sp setuni < Ar ( aṭlas) zaitūnī, (satin) of Zaitūn, medieval name of Quanzhou, China] a fabric of silk, nylon, rayon, or the like having a smooth finish, glossy on the face and dull on the back adj. made of or… …   English World dictionary


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