New High German


New High German
New High German
Teutsch, Deutsch, Neuhochdeutsch
Spoken in Germany, Austria, Liechtenstein, Switzerland
Region Central Europe, Western Europe
Native speakers Native speakers: 95 to 100 million[1][2]
Non-native speakers: 20 million[2]  (date missing)
Language family
Writing system German alphabet
Official status
Regulated by No official regulation
Language codes
ISO 639-1 de
ISO 639-2 ger (B)
deu (T)
ISO 639-3 deu

New High German (NHG) is the term used for the most recent period in the history of the German language. It is a translation of the German Neuhochdeutsch (Nhd). It includes all of the modern High German dialects since the Baroque period, but is often used as a synonym for Standard German.

The German term was originally coined in 1848 by Jakob Grimm for the period from 1500 to the present day, following on from Middle High German (Mittelhochdeutsch). However, Wilhelm Scherer redefined it as the period from 1650, introducing a new term Frühneuhochdeutsch (Early New High German) for the period 1350-1650, and this is the most widely adopted periodisation of German. In this sense, the beginning of New High German is marked by the "first German novel", Grimmelshausen's Simplicius Simplicissimus.

The New High German period is characterised by the codification of German grammar and the development of a standard language in both writing and speech. Unlike earlier periods, there have been few major changes in phonology or morphology. Rather, the standard language has selected particular features and these choices have then exerted an influence on individual German dialects.

See also

  • German literature of the Baroque period

Sources

Jakob Grimm Deutsches Wörterbuch: Definition of neuhochdeutsch

Jakob Grimm, Geschichte der deutschen Sprache (Leipzig 1848)

Wilhelm Scherer, Zur Geschichte der deutschen Sprache (Berlin 1868)

C.J.Wells, German. A Linguistic History to 1945 Oxford 1987. ISBN 0-19-815809-2

References

  1. ^ SIL Ethnologue (2006). 95 million speakers of Standard German; 95 million including Middle and Upper German dialects; 100 million including Low Saxon and Yiddish.
  2. ^ a b National Geographic Collegiate Atlas of the World. Willard, Ohio: R.R Donnelley & Sons Company. 2006. pp. 257–270. ISBN Regular:0-7922-3662-9, 978-0-7922-3662-7. Deluxe:0-7922-7976-X, 978-0-7922-7976-1. 

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • New High German — n. see GERMAN, HIGH GERMAN …   English World dictionary

  • New High German — noun The modern form of the German language, successor to Early New High German …   Wiktionary

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  • New High German — the High German language since c1500 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Early New High German — Infobox Language name=Early New High German nativename= Deudsch region=southern Germany (south of the Benrath line), parts of Austria and Switzerland extinct=developed into Modern German from the 1650s familycolor=Indo European fam2=Germanic fam3 …   Wikipedia

  • Early New High German — noun The form of the German language spoken from 1350 to 1650 CE, successor to Middle High German …   Wiktionary

  • High German — n. [calque of Ger hochdeutsch (see HIGH & DEUTSCHLAND): so named because orig. spoken chiefly in the higher regions of Germany] 1. the group of West Germanic dialects spoken in central and S Germany: distinguished from LOW GERMAN 2. the official… …   English World dictionary

  • High German consonant shift — High German subdivides into Upper German (green) and Central German (blue), and is distinguished from Low German (yellow) and Dutch. The main isoglosses, the Benrath and Speyer lines, are marked in black. In historical linguistics, the High… …   Wikipedia

  • High German — German Ger man, n.; pl. {Germans}[L. Germanus, prob. of Celtis origin.] 1. A native or one of the people of Germany. [1913 Webster] 2. The German language. [1913 Webster] 3. (a) A round dance, often with a waltz movement, abounding in capriciosly …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Middle High German — diutsch, tiutsch Spoken in southern Germany (south of the Benrath line), parts of Austria and Switzerland Era developed into Early New High German from the 14th century …   Wikipedia


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