Tileagd


Tileagd
Tileagd
—  Commune  —
Tileagd is located in Romania
Tileagd
Coordinates: 47°4′N 22°12′E / 47.067°N 22.2°E / 47.067; 22.2
Country  Romania
County Bihor County
Population (2002)[1] 7,142
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 – Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Tileagd (Hungarian: Mezőtelegd) is a large commune located in Bihor County, western Romania. It is composed of six villages: Bălaia, Călătani, Poşoloaca, Tileagd, Tilecuş and Uileacu de Criş.

Contents

Geography

It is on the picturesque road between Oradea and Cluj-Napoca, 23 kilometres from Oradea.The closest town to Tileagd is Aleşd, 12 km away. Tileagd is served by three CFR trains daily from Oradea, which continue to Aleşd, Huedin and Cluj-Napoca.

Etymology

Its Hungarian name originates in the word telek which means "plot" in English with a "d" affixture. The first written record about the village was made in a warrant of 1294's copy of 1572 under the name Thelegd and then its name emerged in 1773 as Mező-Telegd.

History

At the beginning of the 13th century, a group of Székelys lived in the area, having moved from Udvarhelyszék. They were called Székelys of Telegd and the first name of Székelyudvarhely which is the centre of the area they moved was Telegd. In 1291, here moved the founder of the Thelegdy family. In 1688, at the verge of the village, Imre Thököly's Kuruc army was defeated by general Heissler. With building a railway line, animal and feed commerces started thriving as of 1870. Later then, many new industrial, financial and other institutions were founded; for example, the first bank "Mezőtelegd vidéki Takarékpénztár Rt" in 1890, and at the beginning of the 20th century, oil refinery and its neighborhood a works were built.

Population

  • In 1828, it had a population of 1575.
  • In 1900, it had a population of 2508. These included 2034 Hungarians, 424 Romanians, 24 Germans, 13 Slovaks and 13 Gypsies.
  • In 2002, it had a population of 3960. These included 2374 Romanians, 1016 Hungarians, 523 Gypsies and 40 Slovaks.

Notable residents

  • The bishop of Nagyszombat and the archbishop of Esztergom, Miklós Telegdi, was born here.
  • The wife of Stephen Bocskay, Kata Hagymássy, died here.

Coordinates: 47°04′N 22°12′E / 47.067°N 22.2°E / 47.067; 22.2

References

  1. ^ Romanian census data, 2002; retrieved on March 1, 2010

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