Philautus


Philautus

Taxobox
name = "Philautus"
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Amphibia
ordo = Anura
subordo = Neobatrachia
familia = Rhacophoridae
subfamilia = Rhacophorinae
genus = "Philautus"
genus_authority = Gistel, 1848
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision = See text.

"Philautus" is a genus of frogs in the family Rhacophoridae. Some species in this genus are now considered extinct by IUCN, while others are widespread and abundant (such as the recently-described "P. abundus", which was specifically named for this fact). The taxonomy of the group is however unclear with many poorly described species. [Karthikeyan Vasudevan, M. S. Chaitra and R. K. Aggarwal (2007) Pernicious descriptions of ‘new’ frogs from the Western Ghats, India. Current Science 92(3):281–282 [http://www.ias.ac.in/currsci/feb102007/281.pdf PDF] ]

This genus is unique in that there is direct development, with all growth inside the egg and no free swimming tadpole stage. [Biju, S. D. (2003) Reproductive mode in the shrub frog "Philautus glandulosus" (Jerdon, 1853) (Anura: Rhacophoridae). Current Science. 84(3):283-284 [http://www.iisc.ernet.in/currsci/feb102003/283.pdf PDF] ] Some species have been found to bury their eggs in soil although they are arboreal and others attach their eggs to leaves. [Bahir, M. M. , M. Meegaskumbura, K. Manamendra-Arachchi, C. J. Schneider & R. Pethiyagoda. 2005. Reproduction and terrestrial direct development in Sri Lankan shrub frogs (Ranidae: Rhacophorinae: Philautus). The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Supplement No. 12:339-350 [http://rmbr.nus.edu.sg/rbz/biblio/s12/s12rbz339-350.pdf PDF] ]

List of species

* "Philautus abditus" Inger, Orlov, & Darevsky, 1999.
* "Philautus abundus" Manamendra-Arachchi & Pethiyagoda, 2005.
* "Philautus acutirostris" (Peters, 1867).
* "Philautus acutus" Dring, 1987.
* "Philautus adspersus" (Günther, 1872). (extinct)
* "Philautus albopunctatus" Liu & Hu, 1962.
* "Philautus alto" Manamendra-Arachchi & Pethiyagoda, 2005.
* "Philautus amoenus" Smith, 1931.
* "Philautus andersoni" (Ahl, 1927).
* "Philautus annandalii" (Boulenger, 1906).
* "Philautus asankai" Manamendra-Arachchi & Pethiyagoda, 2005.
* "Philautus aurantium" Inger, 1989.
* "Philautus auratus" Manamendra-Arachchi & Pethiyagoda, 2005.
* "Philautus aurifasciatus" (Schlegel, 1837).
* "Philautus banaensis" Bourret, 1939.
* "Philautus beddomii" (Günther, 1876).
* "Philautus bombayensis" (Annandale, 1919).
* "Philautus bunitus" Inger, Stuebing, & Tan, 1995.
* "Philautus caeruleus" Manamendra-Arachchi & Pethiyagoda, 2005.
* "Philautus cardamonus" Ohler, Swan & Daltry, 2002.
* "Philautus carinensis" (Boulenger, 1893).
* "Philautus cavirostris" (Günther, 1869).
* "Philautus chalazodes" (Günther, 1876).
* "Philautus charius" Rao, 1937.
* "Philautus cinerascens" (Stoliczka, 1870).
* "Philautus cornutus" (Boulenger, 1920).
* "Philautus cuspis" Manamendra-Arachchi & Pethiyagoda, 2005.
* "Philautus decoris" Manamendra-Arachchi & Pethiyagoda, 2005.
* "Philautus dimbullae" (Shreve, 1940). (extinct)
* "Philautus disgregus" Inger, 1989.
* "Philautus dubius" (Boulenger, 1882).
* "Philautus erythrophthalmus" Stuebing & Wong, 2000.
* "Philautus eximius" Shreve, 1940. (extinct)
* "Philautus extirpo" Manamendra-Arachchi & Pethiyagoda, 2005. (extinct)
* "Philautus femoralis" (Günther, 1864).
* "Philautus fergusonianus" (Ahl, 1927).
* "Philautus flaviventris" (Boulenger, 1882).
* "Philautus frankenbergi" Meegaskumbura & Manamendra-Arachchi, 2005.
* "Philautus fulvus" Manamendra-Arachchi & Pethiyagoda, 2005.
* "Philautus folicola" Manamendra-Arachchi & Pethiyagoda, 2005.
* "Philautus garo" (Boulenger, 1919).
* "Philautus glandulosus" (Jerdon, 1854).
* "Philautus gracilipes" Bourret, 1937.
* "Philautus griet" Bossuyt, 2002.
* "Philautus gryllus" Smith, 1924.
* "Philautus gunungensis" Malkmus & Riede, 1996.
* "Philautus hallidayi" Meegaskumbura & Manamendra-Arachchi, 2005.
* "Philautus halyi" Boulenger, 1904. (extinct)
* "Philautus hoffmanni" Meegaskumbura & Manamendra-Arachchi, 2005.
* "Philautus hoipolloi" Manamendra-Arachchi & Pethiyagoda, 2005.
* "Philautus hosii" (Boulenger, 1895).
* "Philautus hypomelas" (Günther, 1876). (extinct)
* "Philautus ingeri" Dring, 1987.
* "Philautus jacobsoni" (Kampen, 1912).
* "Philautus jerdonii" (Günther, 1876).
* "Philautus jinxiuensis" Hu In Hu, Fei & Ye, 1978.
* "Philautus kempiae" (Boulenger, 1919).
* "Philautus kerangae" Dring, 1987.
* "Philautus leitensis" (Boulenger, 1897).
* "Philautus leucorhinus" (Lichtenstein & Martens, 1856). (extinct)
* "Philautus limbus" Manamendra-Arachchi & Pethiyagoda, 2005.
* "Philautus longchuanensis" Yang & Li "In" Yang, Su & Li, 1979.
* "Philautus longicrus" (Boulenger, 1894).
* "Philautus lunatus" Manamendra-Arachchi & Pethiyagoda, 2005.
* "Philautus luteolus" Kuramoto & Joshy, 2003.
* "Philautus macropus" (Günther, 1869).
* "Philautus maia" Meegaskumbura et al., 2007. (extinct)
* "Philautus malcolmsmithi" (Ahl, 1927). (extinct)
* "Philautus maosonensis" Bourret, 1937.
* "Philautus medogensis" Ye & Hu, 1984.
* "Philautus menglaensis" Kou, 1990.
* "Philautus microdiscus" (Annandale, 1912).
* "Philautus microtympanum" (Günther, 1858).
* "Philautus mittermeieri" Meegaskumbura & Manamendra-Arachchi, 2005.
* "Philautus mjobergi" Smith, 1925.
* "Philautus mooreorum" Meegaskumbura & Manamendra-Arachchi, 2005.
* "Philautus namdaphaensis" Sarkar & Sanyal, 1985.
* "Philautus nanus" (Günther, 1869). (extinct)
* "Philautus nasutus" (Günther, 1869). (extinct)
* "Philautus neelanethrus" Gururaja, Aravind, Ali et al., 2007. [Gururaja, KV and Aravind, NA and Ali, S and Ramachandra, TV and Velavan, TP and Krishnakumar, V and Aggarwal, RK (2007) A New Frog Species from the Central Western Ghats of India,and Its Phylogenetic Position. Zoological Science 24:pp. 525-534. [http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/archive/00012445/ Text] ]
* "Philautus nemus" Manamendra-Arachchi & Pethiyagoda, 2005.
* "Philautus ocellatus" Liu & Hu In Liu, Hu, Fei & Huang, 1973.
* "Philautus ochlandrae" Gururaja et al., 2007.
* "Philautus ocularis" Manamendra-Arachchi & Pethiyagoda, 2005.
* "Philautus odontotarsus" Ye & Fei "In" Ye, Fei & Hu, 1993.
* "Philautus oxyrhynchus" (Günther, 1872). (extinct)
* "Philautus pallidipes" (Barbour, 1908).
* "Philautus papillosus" Manamendra-Arachchi & Pethiyagoda, 2005.
* "Philautus pardus" Meegaskumbura et al., 2007. (extinct)
* "Philautus parvulus" (Boulenger, 1893).
* "Philautus petersi" (Boulenger, 1900).
* "Philautus petilus" Stuart & Heatwole, 2004.
* "Philautus pleurotaenia" (Boulenger, 1904).
* "Philautus poecilius" Brown & Alcala, 1994.
* "Philautus poppiae" Meegaskumbura & Manamendra-Arachchi, 2005.
* "Philautus popularis" Manamendra-Arachchi & Pethiyagoda, 2005.
* "Philautus procax" Manamendra-Arachchi & Pethiyagoda, 2005.
* "Philautus refugii" Inger & Stuebing, 1996.
* "Philautus regius" Manamendra-Arachchi & Pethiyagoda, 2005.
* "Philautus reticulatus" (Günther, 1869).
* "Philautus rhododiscus" Liu & Hu, 1962.
* "Philautus romeri" Smith, 1953.
* "Philautus rugatus" (Ahl, 1927). (extinct)
* "Philautus rus" Manamendra-Arachchi & Pethiyagoda, 2005.
* "Philautus sahai" Sarkar & Ray, 2006.
* "Philautus sanctisilvaticus" Das & Chanda, 1997.
* "Philautus sarasinorum" (Müller, 1887).
* "Philautus saueri" Malkmus & Riede, 1996.
* "Philautus schmackeri" (Boettger, 1892).
* "Philautus schmarda" (Kelaart, 1854).
* "Philautus semiruber" (Annandale, 1913) - validity uncertain.
* "Philautus shillongensis" Pillai & Chanda, 1973.
* "Philautus signatus" (Boulenger, 1882).
* "Philautus silus" Manamendra-Arachchi & Pethiyagoda, 2005.
* "Philautus silvaticus" Manamendra-Arachchi & Pethiyagoda, 2005.
* "Philautus simba" Manamendra-Arachchi & Pethiyagoda, 2005.
* "Philautus similipalensis" Dutta, 2003.
* "Philautus similis" Kampen, 1923.
* "Philautus sordidus" Manamendra-Arachchi & Pethiyagoda, 2005.
* "Philautus steineri" Meegaskumbura & Manamendra-Arachchi, 2005.
* "Philautus stellatus" (Kelaart, 1853). (extinct)
* "Philautus stictomerus" (Günther, 1876).
* "Philautus stuarti" Meegaskumbura & Manamendra-Arachchi, 2005.
* "Philautus supercornutus" Orlov, Ho & Nguyen, 2004.
* "Philautus surdus" (Peters, 1863).
* "Philautus surrufus" Brown & Alcala, 1994.
* "Philautus tectus" Dring, 1987.
* "Philautus temporalis" (Günther, 1864). (extinct)
* "Philautus terebrans" Das & Chanda, 1998.
* "Philautus tinniens" (Jerdon, 1854).
* "Philautus travancoricus" (Boulenger, 1891). (extinct)
* "Philautus tuberohumerus" Kuramoto & Joshy, 2003.
* "Philautus tytthus" Smith, 1940.
* "Philautus umbra" Dring, 1987.
* "Philautus variabilis" (Günther, 1858). (extinct)
* "Philautus vermiculatus" (Boulenger, 1900).
* "Philautus viridis" Manamendra-Arachchi & Pethiyagoda, 2005.
* "Philautus vittiger" (Boulenger, 1897).
* "Philautus worcesteri" (Stejneger, 1905).
* "Philautus wynaadensis" (Jerdon, 1854).
* "Philautus zal" Manamendra-Arachchi & Pethiyagoda, 2005. (extinct)
* "Philautus zimmeri" (Ahl, 1927). (extinct)
* "Philautus zorro" Manamendra-Arachchi & Pethiyagoda, 2005.

Notes

References

* Gururaja, KV and Dinesh, KP and Palot, MJ and Radhakrishnan, C and Ramachandra, TV (2007) A new species of Philautus Gistel (Amphibia: Anura: Rhacophoridae) from southern Western Ghats, India. Zootaxa 1621:pp. 1-16. [http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/archive/00012401/ PDF]
* Manamendra-Arachchi, K.& R. Pethiyagoda. 2005 The Sri Lankan shrub-frogs of the genus Philautus Gistel, 1848 (Ranidae: Rhacophorinae), with description of 27 new species. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Supplement No. 12:163-303 [http://rmbr.nus.edu.sg/rbz/biblio/s12/s12rbz163-303.pdf PDF]
* Meegaskumbura, M. & K. Manamendra-Arachchi. 2005. Description of eight new species of shrub-frogs (Ranidae: Rhacophorinae: Philautus) from Sri Lanka. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Supplement No. 12:305-338. [http://rmbr.nus.edu.sg/rbz/biblio/s12/s12rbz305-338.pdf PDF]
*


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