Consularis


Consularis

Consularis is a Latin word, derived from consulo, "take counsel".

Contents

Roman history

Originally it was simple and adjective meaning "consular", but more interestingly it has also become a substantive, used in technical meanings.

  • Any former consul. This is worth mentioning, for it is a traditional qualification (in many case, prerequisite) for various appointments.
  • During the Dominate (late imperial period), Consularis was specifically used as one of the more frequently used titles for the Roman governor (the generic term was Rector provinciae) of an "eparchy" (province).

According to the Notitia Dignitatum (circa 400), the following provinces were administered by a Consularis, in the following dioceses:

  • in fifteen provinces in the eastern empire:
    • five in the diocese Oriens: Palaestina, Foenicia, Syria, Cilicia and Cyprus
    • three in the diocese Asiana: Pamfylia, Hellespontus and Lydia
    • two in the Pontic diocese: Galatia and Bithynia
    • two in Thraciae: Europa and Thracia
    • three in Illyricum: Creta (Crete), Macedonia and Dacia mediterranea;
    • while Egypt—sui generis, the imperial crown domain—is explicitly said to have none.
  • in twenty one provinces in the western empire:
    • one in the diocese Pannonia, itself called Pannonia
    • eight in Italiae: Venetia et Histria, Aemilia, Liguria, Flaminia et Picenum annonarium, Tuscia et Umbria, Picenum suburbicarium, Campania and Sicilia
    • two in Africa: Byzacium and Numidia.
    • three in Hispaniae (half of the provinces in Spain & Portugal): Baetica, Lusitania, Callaecia (greater Galicia)
    • six in Galliae: Viennensis, Lugdunensis prima, Germania prima, Germania secunda, Belgica prima and Belgica secunda
    • two in Britanniae: Maxima Caesariensis and Valentia.

Yet the title Consularis was also used in the Dominate for a department chief, notably a Consularis aquarum ("Count of the waterworks") under the Praefectus Urbis of Rome.

Modern use

The Latin term consularis ("adviser") has also been adopted, notably in Dutch, by a foundation for retired professionals (managers, consultants etc.) who help young businesses by donating some of their know-how, within the framework of a foundation called De Consularis ("de" is Dutch for the).

See also

  • Pauly-Wissowa

References


External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Consularis — (C. vir), 1) bei den Römern zur Zeit der Republik derjenige, welcher das Consulat wirklich bekleidet hatte, s. Consul 1); 2) unter den Kaisern Titel des Consul honorarius od. der Heerführer, bes. der von den Kaisern in ihren Domainenprovinzen… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Consulāris — Consulāris, bei den Römern zur Zeit der Republik Prädikat gewesener Konsuln, unter den spätern Kaisern Titel auch solcher, die nicht Konsuln gewesen waren, vorzugsweise der höhern Kriegsbefehlshaber, Provinzialstatthalter und andrer hoher… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Consularis —         (лат.), бывший консул; в императорскую эпоху этот титул давался как особое отличие также и тем, кто прежде консулом не являлся. В позднюю эпоху Римской империи С. посылали губернаторами в пров …   Словарь античности

  • CONSULARIS Habitus — non idem prorsus veteri Rei publ. Romanae aevô, qui citeriori Imperatorum. Norum enim quidem ex Scriptoribus priscorum Consulum, vestes fuisse togas pictas, et palmatas ac trabeas: cuius nomenclaturae indumenta etiam Consulibus sub Graecis… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • CONSULARIS Locus — vide infra Locus …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Anisota consularis — Anisota consularis …   Wikipédia en Français

  • AGRIPPA Consularis (M) — M. AGRIPPA Consularis patruus Severi Imperatoris apud Ael. Spartianum in Vita huius. c. 1 …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • AQUILA Consularis — signum fuit Rei publicae. Sueton. in August. c. 94. Somniavit Iovem Optimum Maximum pr aetextatis compluribus circa aram ludentibus unum sercrevisse, atque in eius sinum signum Rei publicae, quod manus gestaret, reposuisse. Insindebat illa… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • JULIUS Lupus Consularis — vitticus Antonini pii. Imp. cuius meminit Iul. Capitolin. in Pio …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • MONS Consularis — vel Mons Contorius a Fultone III. cognomine Nerra, Consule Andegavensium, conditum castrum est in Gallia, vulgo Montcontour: clade olim Wilhelmi Comitis Pictonum ac Ducis Aquitaniae, et praeteritô saeculô Reformatorum celebre, in Pictonibus. Id… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale


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