A. E. Doyle


A. E. Doyle

Albert Ernest Doyle (1877-1928) was a prolific architect in the U.S. states of Oregon and Washington. He is most often credited for his works as A.E. Doyle.

Doyle was born in Santa Cruz, California, and moved with his family to Portland, Oregon where he ultimately established his practice. He enrolled at Columbia University in 1903, after an apprenticeship with the firm of Whidden & Lewis, where he substantially designed the Forestry Building of the Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition. [cite web|last=Deering|first=Thomas P. Jr.|title=Site History: Building On Mount Hood|work=Mountain Architecture: An Alternative Design Proposal for the Wy'East Day Lodge, Mount Hood Oregon|url=http://www.seanet.com/~tdeering/thesis/ch-4c.htm|accessdate=2007-09-11] [citeweb|title=Historic Portland: Lewis & Clark Expostion|url=http://www.pdxhistory.com/html/lewis___clark_1.html |publisher=pdxhistory.com|accessdate=2007-09-11] While at Columbia, he worked in the office of architect Henry Bacon.

After returning to Portland, he and fellow architect William B. Patterson established their firm Doyle & Patterson, employing among others the young, later-famous architects Pietro Belluschi and John Yeon. Doyle & Patterson's Revival- and Italianate-style works set the tone for other commercial buildings in Portland, especially the use of glazed terra-cotta. A series of residential cabins along the Oregon and Washington coasts inspired a regional style that was widely emulated in the 1930s. Doyle also designed Portland's public drinking fountains known as Benson Bubblers. [ [http://www.portlandonline.com/water/index.cfm?a=bbhbje&c=ecdei Portland Water Bureau] ]

Unbuilt works include additions to the now-demolished Portland Hotel (currently the site of Pioneer Courthouse Square) and Doyle's own United States National Bank. Doyle also drew up an original design for the Equitable Building which called for an Art Deco skyscraper design. [cite book | author = Bosker & Lencek| title = Frozen Music: A History of Portland Architecture] The building ended up being built after World War II by Pietro Belluschi in its noted and early International Style design.

Doyle is sometimes credited with the design for Timberline Lodge on Mount Hood near Government Camp, Oregon, but he was merely one of several architects solicited to draw up plans for the building, which ended up being designed by Forest Service architects. [cite web|last=Deering|first=Thomas P. Jr.|title=Timberline Lodge: A Major Hotel Comes To Mount Hood|work=Mountain Architecture: An Alternative Design Proposal for the Wy'East Day Lodge, Mount Hood Oregon|url=http://www.seanet.com/~tdeering/thesis/ch-4a.htm|accessdate=2007-09-11]

Doyle died in Portland in 1928.

Doyle's collection of architecture books was purchased by Reed College. [ [http://library.reed.edu/collections/specialbook.html Reed College Library Special Book Collections] ]

Notable A. E. Doyle buildings

"Buildings marked (NRHP) are on the National Register of Historic Places"

Bridal Veil, Oregon

* Multnomah Falls Lodge (NRHP)

Corvallis, Oregon

* Corvallis Public Library

Eugene, Oregon

* Oregon Electric Station (NRHP)

Hood River, Oregon

* Butler Bank (NRHP)

Portland, Oregon

* Bank of California Building (now Bidwell & Co.) (NRHP)
* Benson Hotel (NRHP)
* Civic Stadium (now PGE Park)
* Corbett Brothers Auto Storage Garage (NRHP)
* East Portland Branch, Public Library of Multnomah County (NRHP)
* Hazelwood Creamery
* Lipman-Wolfe and Company Building (now Hotel Monaco) (NRHP)
* Meier & Frank Building (first Doyle & Patterson commission) (NRHP)
* Montgomery Court, now Portland State University residence hall
* Morgan Building (NRHP)
* Multnomah County Central Library (NRHP)
* Northwestern National Bank Building (NRHP)
* Oregon National Building (NRHP)
* Pacific Building (Pietro Bulluschi's first project with the firm) (NRHP)
* Pittock Block (NRHP)
* Public Service Building (NRHP)
* Reed College campus, including Eliot Hall
* Terminal Sales Building (NRHP)
* United States National Bank (NRHP)

Goldendale, Washington

* Goldendale Free Public Library (NRHP)

Seattle, Washington

* J.S. Graham Store (aka Doyle Building) (NRHP)

References

Further reading

*King, Bart. "An Architectural Guidebook to Portland". Layton, Utah: Gibbs Smith Publishing, 2001.
*Kreisman, Lawrence. "Made to Last: Historic Preservation in Seattle and King County". Historic Seattle Preservation Foundation, 1999.
*Lenceck, Lena and Gideon Bosker. "Frozen Music, a history of Portland Architecture". Oregon Historical Society, 1985.
*Niles, Philip. "Beauty of the City: A.E. Doyle, Portland's Architect". Oregon State University Press, 2008.


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