Patriarch Macedonius II of Constantinople

Patriarch Macedonius II of Constantinople

Macedonius II (died c.517), patriarch of Constantinople (495 - 511). For an account of his election see Patriarch Euphemius of Constantinople

Within a year or two (the date is uncertain) he assembled a council, in which he confirmed in writing the acts of the Council of Chalcedon. In 507 Elias, patriarch of Jerusalem, who had been unwilling to sanction the deposition of Euphemius, united himself in communion with Macedonius. The emperor Anastasius employed all means to oblige Macedonius to declare against the Council of Chalcedon, but flattery and threats were alike unavailing. An assassin named Eucolus was even hired to take away his life. The patriarch avoided the blow, and ordered a fixed amount of provisions to be given monthly to the criminal. The people of Constantinople were equally zealous for the council of Chalcedon, even, more than once, to the point of sedition. To prevent unfavourable consequences, Anastasius ordered the prefect of the city to follow in the processions and attend the assemblies of the church.

In 510 the Anastasius made a new effort. Macedonius would do nothing without an ecumenical council at which the bishop of Rome should preside. Anastasius, annoyed at this answer, and irritated because Macedonius would never release him from the engagement he had made at his coronation to maintain the faith of the church and the authority of the council of Chalcedon, sought to drive him from his chair. He sent Eutychian monks and clergy, and sometimes the magistrates of the city, to load him with public outrage and insult. This caused such a tumult amongst the citizens that the emperor was obliged to shut himself up in his palace and to have ships prepared in case flight should be necessary. He sent to Macedonius, asking him to come and speak with him. Macedonius went and reproached him with the sufferings his persecutions caused the church. Anastasius stated his willingness to this, but at the same time made a third attempt to tamper with the beliefs of the patriarch.

One of his instruments was Xenaïas, a Eutychian bishop. He demanded of Macedonius a declaration of his faith in writing; Macedonius addressed a memorandum to the emperor insisting that he knew no other faith than that of the Fathers of Nicaea and Constantinople, and that he anathematized Nestorius and Eutyches and those who admitted two Sons or two Christs, or who divided the two natures. Xenaïas, seeing the failure of his first attempt, found two individuals who accused Macedonius of an abominable crime, avowing themselves his accomplices. They then charged him with Nestorianism, and with having falsified a passage in an epistle of Paul, in support of that sect. At last the emperor commanded him to send by master of the offices the authentic copy of the Acts of the council of Chalcedon signed with the autographs of the bishops. Macedonius refused, and hid it under the altar of the great church. Thereupon Anastasius had him carried off by night and taken to Chalcedon, to be conducted thence to Eucaïta in Pontus, the place of the exile of his predecessor. In 515 Pope Hormisdas worked for the restitution of Macedonius, whom he considered unjustly deposed; it had been a stipulation in the treaty of peace between Vitalian and Anastasius that the patriarch and all the deposed bishops should be restored to their sees. But Anastasius never kept his promises, and Macedonius died in exile. His death occurred c. 517, at Gangra, where he had retired for fear of the Huns, who ravaged all Cappadocia, Galatia, and Pontus.


*Evagrius Scholasticus III. xxxi. xxxii. in ib. 2661
*Liberat. vii. in ib. 982
*Mansi, viii. 186, 198
*Theodoret. Lect. ii. 573-578, in Patr. Gk. lxxxvi.
*Theophanes "Chronicle" 120-123, 128, 130, 132
*Victor of Tonnenna "Chronicle", in Patrologia Latina lxviii. 948
*WaceBio []

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Patriarch Meletius IV of Constantinople — Meletius IV (Greek: Μελέτιος Μεταξάκης) was the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 1921 to 1923.[1] He also served as Greek Patriarch of Alexandria under the episcopal name Meletius II from 1926 to 1935.[2] He was the only Eastern… …   Wikipedia

  • Patriarch Constantine VI of Constantinople — Patriarch Constantine VI as a bishop, 1906 Constantine VI (1859 – November 28, 1930) was Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from December 17, 1924 till January 30, 1925, for 43 days. He served as a locum tenens following the death of… …   Wikipedia

  • Patriarch Nephon II of Constantinople — Nephon II Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople Church Church of Constantinople In Office end 1486 – early 1488 summer 1497 – Aug 1498 spring 1502 Predecessor Symeon I Maximus IV Joachim I …   Wikipedia

  • Patriarch Cyril V of Constantinople — Cyril V Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople Church Church of Constantinople In Office 28 Sept 1748 – end May 1751 7 Sept 1752 – …   Wikipedia

  • Patriarch Dionysius I of Constantinople — Dionysius I Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople Church Church of Constantinople In Office end 1466 – end 1471 July 1488 – end 1490 Predecessor Symeon I [ …   Wikipedia

  • Patriarch Maximus III of Constantinople — Maximus III Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople Church Church of Constantinople Appointed spring 1476 Reign ended 3 April 1482 Predecessor …   Wikipedia

  • Patriarch Mark II of Constantinople — Mark II Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople Church Church of Constantinople Appointed Autumn 1465 Reign ended Autumn 1466 Predecessor Gennadius Scholarius …   Wikipedia

  • Patriarch Timothy I of Constantinople — Timothy I or Timotheus I (died 523), was a Christian priest of the Eastern Orthodox communion and was appointed Patriarch of Constantinople by the emperor Anastasius I in 511.Early careerTimothy was Christian priest of the Eastern Orthodox… …   Wikipedia

  • Patriarch Maximus II of Constantinople — Maximus II was Patriarch of Constantinople from June to December 1216. He had been abbot of the monastery of the Akoimetoi and was the confessor of the Nicaean emperor Theodore I Laskaris before he became patriarch. George Akropolites and… …   Wikipedia

  • Patriarch Cosmas III of Constantinople — Cosmas III was the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 1714 to 1716.[1] He also served as Greek Patriarch of Alexandria under the episcopal name Cosmas II from 1723 until his death in 1736.[2] A Coptic Orthodox patriarch has the same name …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.