Covasna County


Covasna County
Covasna
Kovászna
—  County (Judeţ)  —
Landscape in the northern part of Covasna County

Coat of arms
Country  Romania
Development region1 Centru
Historic region Transylvania
Capital city (Resedinţă de judeţ) Sfântu Gheorghe
Government
 – Type County Board
 – President of the County Board János Demeter (UDMR)
 – Prefect2 Ervin György
Area
 – Total 3,710 km2 (1,432.4 sq mi)
Area rank 39th in Romania
Population (2002)
 – Total 222,449
 – Rank 42nd in Romania
 – Density 60/km2 (155.4/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 – Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 52wxyz3
Area code(s) +40 x674
Car Plates CV5
GDP US$ 2.1 billion (2008)
GDP/capita US$ 9,461 (2008)
Website County Board
County Prefecture
1The developing regions of Romania have no administrative role.
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned to have any political activity in the first six months after the resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionary corps
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county

Covasna (Romanian pronunciation: [koˈvasna], Hungarian: Kovászna, Hungarian pronunciation:[’kovaːsnɒ]) is a county (judeţ) of Romania, in Transylvania, with the capital city at Sfântu Gheorghe.

Contents

Demographics

In 2002, it had a population of 222,449 and the population density was 60/km².

Covasna County has the second-greatest percentage of Hungarian population in Romania, just behind the neighboring county of Harghita. The Hungarians of Covasna are primarily Szeklers.

Year County population[2]
1948 157,166
1956 172,509
1966 176,858
1977 199,017
1992 233,256
2002 222,449
2004 223,878

Geography

Covasna county has a total area of 3,710 km².

The main part of the relief consists of mountains from the Eastern Carpathians group. Most localities can be found in the valleys and depressions located along the different rivers crossing the county. The main river is the Olt River; along its banks lies the capital city Sfântu Gheorghe.

Neighbours

Economy

Covasna County has been one of the preferred counties for foreign investments, mainly by Hungarian investors, due to the population profile.

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • wood
  • textiles
  • electrical components
  • food and beverages

Tourism

Mikes-Szentkereszty manor-house of Zagon.
Daniel Castle of Tălişoara

The main tourist destinations in the county are:

  • The city of Sfântu Gheorghe
  • The resorts in the mountains around:
    • Covasna
    • Balványos
    • Malnaş-Băi
    • Vâlcele
    • Şugaş-Băi
    • Baile Fortyogo
    • Biborţeni
    • Ozunca-Bai
  • The mountains:
    • Baraolt Mountains
    • Bodoc Mountains
    • Nemira Mountains
    • Întorsurii Mountains

Politics

The Covasna County Assembly has 31 members:

Political Party Number of Seats
Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania 25
Social Democratic Party 4
Democratic Party 2

Administrative divisions

Covasna County has 2 municipalities, 3 towns and 40 communes.

References

  1. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia după etnie"
  2. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 şi 2002"

External links


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