Demographics of Rwanda

Demographics of Rwanda

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Rwanda, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Rwanda's population density, even after the 1994 genocide, is among the highest in Sub-Saharan Africa at 230/km² (590/sq mi). This country has few villages, and nearly every family lives in a self-contained compound on a hillside. The urban concentrations are grouped around administrative centers. The indigenous population consists of three ethnic groups. The Hutus, who comprise the majority of the population (85%), are farmers of Bantu origin. The Tutsis (14% before the Genocide, probably less than 10% now) are a pastoral people who arrived in the area in the 15th century. Until 1959, they formed the dominant caste under a feudal system based on cattleholding. The Twa (pygmies) (1%) are thought to be the remnants of the earliest settlers of the region. Over half of the adult population is literate, but no more than 5% have received secondary education. During 1994–95, most primary schools and more than half of prewar secondary schools reopened. The national university in Butare reopened in April 1995; enrollment is over 7,000. Rebuilding the educational system continues to be a high priority of the Rwandan Government.

Demographics of Rwanda, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.

Contents

CIA World Factbook demographic statistics

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.

Population

11,370,425
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS. This disease can result in lower life expectancy, population, and growth rates; higher infant mortality and death rates; and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2011 est.)

Age structure


0-14 years: 42.9% (male 2,454,924; female 2,418,504)
15-64 years: 54.7% (male 3,097,956; female 3,123,910)
65 years and over: 2.4% (male 110,218; female 164,913) (2011 est.)

Population growth rate

2.792% (2011 est.)

Birth rate

36.74 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)

Death rate

9.88 deaths/1,000 population (2011 est.)

Net migration rate

1.06 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)

Sex ratio


at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.67 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2006 est.)

Infant mortality rate

89.61 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)
male: 94.71 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 84.34 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)

Life expectancy at birth


total population: 47.3 years
male: 46.26 years
female: 48.38 years (2006 est.)

Total fertility rate


5.43 children born/woman (2006 est.)
4.90 children born/woman (2011 est.)

Nationality


noun: Rwandan(s)/Rwandese
adjective: Rwandan/Rwandese

Ethnic groups

Religions

Roman Catholic 56.5%, Protestant 37.1%, Muslim 4.6%, indigenous beliefs 0.1%, none 1.7% (2001) (See Religion in Rwanda)

Languages

Kinyarwanda (official) universal Bantu vernacular, English (official), French (de facto), Swahili used in commercial centres

Literacy


definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 70.4%
male: 76.3%
female: 64.7% (2003 est.)

See also : Rwanda


References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

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