Bilbao Airport


Bilbao Airport

Infobox Airport
name = Bilbao Airport
nativename = Aeropuerto de Bilbao



IATA = BIO
ICAO = LEBB
type = Public
run by = Aena
opened = 1928
closest town = Bilbao
elevation_ft = 138
elevation_m = 42
coordinates = coord|43|18|03.95|N|2|54|38.19|W|type:airport
r1-number = 10/28
r1-length-f = 6,562
r1-length-m = 2,000
r1-surface = Asphalt
r2-number = 12/30
r2-length-f = 8,530
r2-length-m = 2,600
r2-surface = Asphalt
stat-year = 2007
stat1-header = Passengers
stat1-data = 4,277,610
stat2-header = Passenger growth
stat2-data = +6.94%

Bilbao Airport airport codes|BIO|LEBB is a public airport located 5 km north of Bilbao, in the municipality of Loiu, in Spain. It is the most important airport of the Basque Country and northern Spain, with 4,277,610 passengers on 2007. It is famous for its new main terminal opened in 2000 and designed by Santiago Calatrava.

History

After various different aeronautic experiments in the province of Biscay, in October 1927 steps were taken by the "Union of Public Works" to establish an airport in Bilbao. A Provincial Board was created to study the possible location of the airport. It was not until 1936 that the "General Aeronautics Management" authorised the installation of an airport in Sondika. However, due to the many deficiencies of this site, the airport was not considered of interest.Bilbao is surrounded by mountains and a flat valley without significant population had to be found.

The construction works commenced during the Civil War but during this time and until June 1937 the airport was only used as a base for military activities. In 1938, the second stage of the airport's development began. The council resumed procedures with the government to modify the primitive project of 1936 and the drafting of a new project was authorised and later approved by the General Management of Infrastructure.

In 1940, it was decided by common agreement with the local organisations affected to build a civilian airport in Sondika. The construction works progressed slowly and on the 19th September 1948, the airport was at last opened to daytime traffic with the establishment of an air path to Madrid by Aviación y Comercio, SA. Two years later, the terminal, named Carlos Haya after the well-known pilot from Bilbao, began to give service. At this time, the airport had an asphalt runway, the 11-29 (measuring 1,440 by 45 metres), another earth runway (measuring 1,500 by 150 metres), a taxiway, a passenger terminal, a tower control, a radio beacon, a direction finder as well as police, post office, weather, health, fuel and telephone services. In 1955, a taxiway was built to link the runway with the parking stands and terminal. An apron measuring 124 by 60 metres, a hangar for the "Royal Flying Club of Vizcaya" and permanent facilities for Campsa were also built.

Between 1964 and 1965, an instrumental ILS landing system and a meteorological radio for storm detection were installed; the runway was extended to 2,000 metres and the apron to 12,000 square metres. In 1975, the runway was surfaced and its orientation became 10-28 due to the change in magnetic declination. In 1977, the parking stand was extended, a link road was built and an ILS system was installed. The runway 12-30, measuring 2,600 metres long, was opened the same year and the airport was classified as first category the following year.As a result of the population density of the area, approaching planes may have to fly over the extensive Derio cemetery.

During the eighties, the ILS landing system entered into service for runway 10/30; the communication centre, passenger terminal and parking facilities were enlarged; and a fire service building and cargo terminal were constructed.

On February 19th 1985 an Iberia flight from Madrid crashed in the Mount Oiz, all passengers and crew died.

In 1996, a new taxiway with two rapid exits and a new aircraft parking apron were built.The works required the removal of tons of soil poisoned with lindane residues.In May 1999, the new tower control was put into service, which allowed for a more centred vision of the airfield and at the same time facilitated airport operations. On the 19th November 2000, a new terminal area was opened in the north zone. This was comprised of a new terminal building, with a surface area of 32,000 square metres, a car park with 3,000 parking spaces measuring 95,000 square metres and a north apron for aircraft parking to serve the new terminal area.

Design

The terminal has a sleek design, with two symmetrical "wings" and a sharp tip at its center which is specially visible when approaching the terminal from the sides. This original design has granted the building the nickname of "La Paloma" ("The Dove"). White concrete and glass have been used. The interiors are open and luminous spaces, distributed in two floors, the upper one for departures (check-in counters and gates) and the lower for arrivals.

There has been some criticism of Santiago Calatrava's design by Aena, the Spanish airport authority, because it seems difficult to make further enlargements in the terminal's capacity because the design is too closed. In spite of this, modifications have taken place in 2005-2006 in the check-in area to provide enhanced shopping facilities for travellers, with almost double the retail space now being offered.

Basques using the airport widely complain about its lack of an arrivals area, since once passengers clear customs, they step directly outside. However, there is a dramatic viewing gallery raised above the baggage reclaim area, where those waiting to greet passengers can wait and watch as they collect their baggage and leave the terminal. There is often waving and excitement as relatives or friends scan to see each other from the gallery, and the architect cites this in defence of his design of the arrivals area.

Calatrava also designed the Zubizuri bridge in Bilbao.Like the terminal, it has been praised by its architectural looks and criticized for impracticality.

Traffic

The airport has seen a constant increase in its traffic numbers, the old terminal was already saturated and obsolete in 1990, although it had been renewed only a few years earlier. At the present day Bilbao is the most important hub in northern Spain and the number of passengers using the new terminal continues to rise, especially after the increased tourist interest in the city since the opening of the Guggenheim museum. With the current increase of traffic, the terminal will become saturated again in a year because it is designed to handle about 4.5 million passengers per year, in 2007 it went nearly to its maximum capacity.

Airlines and destinations

*Aer Lingus (Dublin [seasonal] )
*Airberlin (Palma de Mallorca)
*Air Europa (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Malaga, Palma de Mallorca, Tenerife-South, Tenerife-North, La Palma, Menorca)
*Air France
**operated by Brit Air (Paris-Charles de Gaulle)
*Alitalia
**operated by Alitalia Express (Milan-Malpensa)
*Brussels Airlines (Brussels)
*Clickair (Barcelona, London-Gatwick, Malaga, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Paris-Orly(1st september))
*easyJet (London-Stansted)
*FlySur (Córdoba)
*Iberia (Madrid)
**operated by Air Nostrum (Alicante, Badajoz, Ibiza (seasonal), La Coruña, Lisbon, Málaga, Palma de Mallorca , Santiago de Compostela, Seville, Valencia, Vigo)
*Lufthansa (Frankfurt)
**operated by Lufthansa CityLine (Düsseldorf, Munich, Stuttgart)
*Scandinavian Airlines System (Oslo)
*Spanair (Alicante, Arrecife, Barcelona, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Madrid, Munich, Tenerife-South)
*TAP Portugal
**operated by Portugália (Lisbon)
*Tunisair (Monastir)
*TUIfly (Cologne/Bonn, Stuttgart) [seasonal]
*Vueling Airlines (Ibiza [seasonal May 31 - September 20] , Malaga, Seville).

Public transport

*BizkaiBus: a bus line (3247) connects Bilbao center (Moyúa square) and the city bus station with the airport. The service frequency is every 30 minutes, from 5:25 am to 21:55 pm from Bilbao to the airport, and from 6:15 am to 24:00 pm from the airport to Bilbao. From March 16th to October 31th the frequency is every 20 minutes. The trip takes 15-20 minutes.
*Rail transport: It is planned to build a train conection between City Centre and the Airport.

External links

* [http://www.aena.es/csee/Satellite?cid=1047658432525&pagename=Estandar%2FPage%2FAeropuerto&SMO=-1&SiteName=BIO&c=Page&MO=0&lang=EN_GB Official airport website (in English)]
*
* [http://azworldairports.com/airports/p2490bio.htm A-Z World Airports: Bilbao Airport (BIO/LEBB)]
* [http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&hl=en&ll=43.30154,-2.908545&spn=0.015928,0.028925&t=k&om=1 Google Maps image of the airport]


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