- Downtown Dallas
Downtown Dallas — Neighborhood of the City of Dallas — Nickname(s): Big "D" Dallas Country United States State Texas Counties Dallas City Dallas Area – Total 1.4 sq mi (3.63 km2) – Land 1.4 sq mi (3.63 km2) – Water 0 sq mi (0 km2) 0% Elevation 440 ft (134 m) Population (2010) – Total 30,000 – Density 4,339/sq mi (1,673/km2) ZIP code 75201, 75202, 75270 Area code(s) 214, 469, 972
Downtown Dallas is the Central Business District (CBD) in Dallas, Texas USA, located in the geographic center of the city. The area termed "Downtown" has traditionally been defined as bounded by the downtown freeway loop: bounded on the east by I-345 (although known and signed as the northern terminus of I-45 and the southern terminus of US 75 (Central Expressway), on the west by I-35E, on the south by I-30, and on the north by Spur 366 (Woodall Rodgers Freeway). The square miles, population and density figures in the table to the right represent the data for this traditional definition.
However, the strong organic growth of Downtown Dallas since the early 2000's and continuing into the present has now resulted in Downtown Dallas, Inc.'s expansion of the term "Downtown" to include the explosive growth occurring immediately north of the Woodall Rodgers Freeway in the Victory Park and Uptown/Turtle Creek Districts as well as past Central Expressway to the east in the Deep Ellum and Bryan Place Districts, past Interstate 30 to the south with the Cedars District, and jumping over Interstate 35E to the west to include the Design District and Lower Oak Lawn. In total there are 11 districts that now form the definition of "Downtown".
In 2011 "Downtown Dallas" is now viewed as an interconnected grouping of dense and urban center city districts, that while unique in their own right, also share strong urban linkages to each other and collectively participate in their role as Downtown Dallas.
- 1 History
- 2 Overview
- 3 Culture
- 4 Neighborhoods
- 5 Tallest structures
- 6 Transportation
- 7 Downtown Renaissance
- 8 Government and infrastructure
- 9 Economy
- 10 Education
- 11 Gallery
- 12 References
- 13 External links
Downtown Dallas achieved notoriety on November 22, 1963, with the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. Kennedy and Governor John Connally (who survived) were shot as their motorcade passed through Dealey Plaza in what is now the West End Historic District. Part of the former Texas School Book Depository is now the Sixth Floor Museum, with exhibits about Kennedy and the assassination. Nearby is the John Fitzgerald Kennedy Memorial.
The building boom of the 1970s and 1980s produced a distinctive contemporary profile for the downtown skyline, influenced by nationally prominent architects. At the same time, the establishment of the West End Historic District in the 1980s preserved a very large group of late 19th century brick warehouses that have been adapted for use as restaurants and shops.
With the construction of the Dallas Center for the Performing Arts in the Arts District of Downtown, Dallas will be the only city in the world that has four buildings within one contiguous block designed by four separate and distinguished Pritzker Architecture Prize winners.
The area is undergoing a transition as dozens of residential conversions and new high rise condos bring more permanent residents to the downtown area. (See: North Central Texas Council of Governments (NCTCOG).) Its redeveloped Main Street has recently become more of a place for Dallasites to play after several restaurants, hotels, and residential towers opened their doors along the strip. Downtown's growth can partially be attributed to Dallas Area Rapid Transit's (DART) three (soon to be 4) LRT lines and the one commuter line that run through Downtown and an aggressive stance taken by the city to drive development at all costs. The city has invested $160 million of public funds in downtown Dallas for residential development that attracted $650 million of private investment.
Two of the first new-construction office building projects downtown in over 20 years broke ground in 2005—One Arts Plaza, a 24 story mixed use office, retail, residential development in the Arts District which is the new home of 7-Eleven’s World Headquarters; and the vibrant 17 story Hunt Consolidated office building, with its spectacular state-of-the-art LED exterior lighting, which is the national headquarters for and fully occupied by Hunt Oil. Additionally, the $200 million dollar 42-story Museum Tower residential skyscraper is under construction in the Downtown Dallas Arts District with completion expected in 2012.
The City of Dallas, along with several non-profit organizations, have championed and successfully achieved the construction of a new $110 million dollar urban deck park over Woodall Rodgers Freeway to create a physically seamless Uptown/Downtown District; the urban deck park is scheduled to open in 2012. The new 5.2 acre urban park, simply called "The Park", will further strengthen the existing synergy between the Uptown real estate market and the booming development occurring in the Downtown Dallas Arts District which together help further the continuing growth and redevelopment of Downtown Dallas.
Importantly, The Trinity River Corridor is poised to undergo a significant transformation (the Trinity River Project) into a giant urban park. The park is expected to include an equestrian center, lakes, trails and three bridges designed by Santiago Calatrava. Funding over the years, however, has been a constant problem. Though serious work on the project now appears eminent, with the first two bridges having received significant private backing.
Central Business District Population, Household, and Employment Projections 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 Population 14,654 20,646 29,446 33,139 39,781 47,098 59,337 Households 1,122 3,318 6,015 7,029 7,868 8,611 9,340 Employment 130,473 135,148 138,224 140,961 149,936 155,966 160,733
Districts of downtown Dallas
- Arts District
- City Center District
- Convention Center District
- Farmers Market District
- Government District
- Main Street District
- Reunion District
- West End Historic District
- Trinity/Design District
- Victory Park (also considered part of the Stemmons Corridor or Oak Lawn)
- Uptown (also considered part of Oak Lawn)
- State Thomas (also considered part of Oak Lawn)
- Bryan Place (also considered part of East Dallas)
- Baylor/Meadows (also considered part of East Dallas)
- Deep Ellum (also considered part of East Dallas)
- Fair Park (also considered part of South Dallas)
- Cedars (also considered part of South Dallas)
- Bank of America Plaza - 921 feet (281 m)
- Renaissance Tower - 886 feet (270 m)
- Comerica Bank Tower - 787 feet (240 m)
- JPMorgan Chase Tower - 738 feet (225 m)
- Fountain Place - 720 feet (219 m)
Downtown Dallas is surrounded by a major highway loop composed of, from the north and clockwise, Spur 366 (Woodall Rodgers Freeway), unsigned Interstate 345 (connecting U.S. Highway 75 (Central Expressway) to the north and Interstate 45 to the south), Interstate 30, and Interstate 35E. The loop is the center of Dallas's hub-and-spoke highway system which can be likened to a wagon wheel. U.S. Highway 67 is carried through downtown on Interstate 35E to the south and Interstate 30 to the east, and U.S. Highway 175 and the Dallas North Tollway join with other major highways within a mile of downtown.
Downtown is the center of the DART light rail system. The Blue and Red lines run through, from south to north, Convention Center, Union, West End, Akard, St. Paul, and Pearl stations. The Trinity Railway Express commuter train, which connects downtown Fort Worth with downtown Dallas, terminates at Union Station. Union Station also has Amtrak service, with trains connecting to Chicago and Los Angeles.
The McKinney Avenue Transit Authority (MATA) operates the M-Line, a free trolley service that runs down St. Paul Street from Uptown and terminates at Ross Avenue. North from downtown, it travels to McKinney Avenue from St. Paul, runs through the LoMac neighborhood, and finally loops around the West Village along Blackburn and Cole Avenues. A spur adjacent to the West Village runs to Cityplace Station.
The Denton County Transportation Authority (DCTA) operates an express commuter bus route that serves two stops in Denton, one stop in Lewisville, and another that makes two stops, one in Denton and another in Carrollton.
Recently[when?] downtown Dallas has undergone a series of important changes that city officials believe will drastically improve the city's core. These changes are located in four downtown areas: Victory Park, the Arts District, the Trinity River, and the Convention center corridor.
Victory Park, named one of the nation's most successful Brownfield reclamation projects, is home to the American Airlines Center, built in 2001, as well as several new high-rise hotels, residential towers and office buildings including the 33 story "W Dallas Victory Hotel and Residences" (2006), the 28 story "Cirque" residential tower (2007), the 29 story "The House" residential tower (2008), the 20 story "One Victory Park" office tower (2009), among others. Also currently under construction in Victory Park is the new "Perot Museum of Nature and Science", a $185 million dollar 14 story ultra-modern addition to Downtown Dallas scheduled to open in late 2012.
The Arts District, Dallas, Texas, already one of the world's largest, is in the final stages of a massive ten year construction project that will result in a new 2,300 seat opera house, a series of theatres, residential space, retail, parks, and a gleaming 42 story residential tower known as Museum Tower which is scheduled to open in 2012.
Of all the changes in downtown Dallas, the Trinity River corridor is undergoing the most dramatic. Currently the river runs in an artificially straight line a large distance from any part of downtown; however, Dallas is currently in the process of returning the river to its natural course, creating two large lakes to border the downtown area, and has commissioned two large cable stayed bridges to be built across the river and new lakes. Dubbed the Trinity River Project by local officials, plans are also in place for improved levies to protect downtown from possible flooding.
Separated from Victory Park and the Arts District by the Downtown Central Business District, the Convention Center corridor is the site of a new convention center hotel. Currently, Dallas stands as one of a few major American cities without a hotel accompanying its convention center. The currently under construction $500 million dollar 23 story hotel is the Omni Dallas Hotel, which is scheduled to open earlier than planned in November 2011. Dallas hopes these changes will bring more permanent residents into the downtown area; as of the 2010 Census the downtown population has grown to 6,074 from the 1,000 citizens who lived in downtown at the end of 20th century.
Government and infrastructure
Dallas City Hall is located in Downtown Dallas.
AT&T is headquartered at the Whitacre Tower in Downtown Dallas; AT&T moved to Dallas from San Antonio, Texas in 2008. Mayor of Dallas Tom Leppert said in 2008 that he hoped that AT&T would stay in the central city.
Comerica is headquartered in the Comerica Bank Tower. On March 6, 2007, Comerica announced its decision to relocate its corporate headquarters to Dallas from Detroit, Michigan. The decision was attributed to its long-term strategy of growth in the South and Southwest regions of the United States.
Ensco International has its corporate headquarters in Suite 4300 in the Lincoln Plaza building. In 2009 Ensco announced that it will move its headquarters to London and become a British-registered company. The company said that it does not plan to move "a large number" of employees to London. The COO of the company will remain in Dallas.
Tenet Healthcare is headquartered in the Fountain Place building in Downtown Dallas. The company announced in 2008 that it was moving from the northern suburban areas of Dallas to Fountain Place due to high gasoline prices and the revitalization of Downtown Dallas.
Blockbuster Video is headquartered in the Renaissance Tower. In 1996 Blockbuster, which was then headquartered in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, began studying the idea of moving its headquarters into the Renaissance Tower. In November 1996 Blockbuster confirmed that it was moving into the Renaissance Tower.
Belo and A. H. Belo have their headquarters in the Belo Building. 7-Eleven has its corporate headquarters in the One Arts Plaza building. Energy Future Holdings Corporation has its headquarters in the Energy Plaza complex. Greyhound Bus Lines is located at 350 North St. Paul Street. The Dallas Morning News has its headquarters in Downtown. Neiman Marcus has its headquarters in One Neiman Square in Downtown. The Trammell Crow Company has its headquarters in the Trammell Crow Center.
Former economic operations
At one time Halliburton had its headquarters in Downtown Dallas. The company moved its headquarters from the Southland Life Building to 50,648 square feet (4,705.4 m2) of space in Lincoln Plaza in 1985. Halliburton planned to move its headquarters to Houston in 2002.
At one point Internet America, an internet service provider, was headquartered in the One Dallas Centre building in Downtown Dallas. In January 2006 the company announced that it would move the corporate headquarters, accounting department, and finance departments from Dallas to the Houston area. The company moved in early 2006. Deloitte LLP has its offices in the JPMorgan Chase Tower.
Primary and secondary schools
Three schools: Middle College High School at El Centro College, the Pegasus School of Liberal Arts and Sciences, and Booker T. Washington High School for the Performing and Visual Arts, are located in downtown. The Pegasus Complex is also in downtown.
The neighborhood schools for Downtown are outside of the loop.
Four elementary schools—City Park, Sam Houston, Esperanza "Hope" Medrano, and Ignacio Zaragoza; three middle schools—Billy Earl Dade (City Park zone), Thomas J. Rusk (Houston and Medrano zones), and Alex W. Spence (Zaragoza zone); and two high schools—James Madison (City Park zone) and North Dallas (Houston, Medrano, and Zaragoza zones), serve downtown.
Laureate Academy, a K-3, 6 charter school of Uplift Education, is in Downtown Dallas.
Holy Trinity Catholic School is a nearby centrally located private school providing early education to three year olds through eighth grade. It is supported by the Roman Catholic Diocese of Dallas.
Colleges and universities
The University of North Texas, located 35 miles (56 km) to the north in Denton, would like to open a law school downtown. A previous attempt was rebuffed by the state legislature. If eventually successful, Dallas would cease to be the largest city in the country without a public law school.
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Neighborhoods in Dallas Downtown East DallasBelmont | Bryan Place | Casa Linda Estates | Casa View | Deep Ellum | Eastwood | Forest Hills | Greenland Hills (M Streets) | Hollywood Heights | Lake Park Estates | Lakewood | Lakewood Heights | Little Forest Hills | Lower Greenville | Lochwood | Old Lake Highlands | Parkdale Heights | Ridgewood Park | Santa Monica | Wilshire Heights
Old East Dallas: Junius Heights | Munger Place Historic District | Peak's Suburban Addition | Swiss Avenue
Lake HighlandsAbrams Place | Alexander's Village | Boundbrook Oaks Estates | Chimney Hill | Copperfield Community | Country Forest | Forest Highlands | Forest Meadow | Glen Oaks | Hamilton Park | Highlands West | Highland Meadows | High Oaks Addition | Jackson Meadow | L Streets | Lake Highlands Estates | Lake Highlands North | Lake Highlands Square | Lake Ridge Estates | Merriman Park/University Manor | Merriman Park North | Moss Farm | Moss Meadows | Northwood Heights | Oak Highlands | Oak Tree Village | Pebble Creek | Richland Park Estates | Rolling Trails | Royal Highlands | Royal Highlands Village | Stultz Road | Town Creek | Royal Lane Village | Walnut Creek Estates | Whispering Hills | White Rock Valley | Woodbridge | Woodlands on the Creek | University Terrace | Urban Reserve North Dallas Northwest Dallas Oak CliffArcadia Park | Bishop Arts District | East Kessler Park | Highland Hills | Kidd Springs | Kessler Highlands | Kessler Neighbors United| Kessler Park Estates | Kessler Plaza | Kessler Square | Kings Highway Conservation District | Lake Cliff | L.O. Daniel | Redbird | Stevens Park Estates | Stevens Park Village | West Kessler | Western Park | Winnetka Heights | Wynnewood Oak Lawn Pleasant Grove South Dallas West DallasEagle Ford | La Bajada | La L'aceate | La Loma | Lake West | Ledbetter Gardens | Los Altos | Muncie | Western Heights | Westmoreland Heights City of Dallas Central Business Districts of Texas's ten largest cities (2010)
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