Downtown Dallas


Downtown Dallas
Downtown Dallas
—  Neighborhood of the City of Dallas  —
Downtown Dallas from the Trinity River Greenbelt Park
Nickname(s): Big "D"
Location in Dallas
Country United States
State Texas
Counties Dallas
City Dallas
Area
 – Total 1.4 sq mi (3.63 km2)
 – Land 1.4 sq mi (3.63 km2)
 – Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)  0%
Elevation 440 ft (134 m)
Population (2010)
 – Total 30,000
 – Density 4,339/sq mi (1,673/km2)
ZIP code 75201, 75202, 75270
Area code(s) 214, 469, 972
Downtown Dallas as seen from the Reunion Tower

Downtown Dallas is the Central Business District (CBD) in Dallas, Texas USA, located in the geographic center of the city. The area termed "Downtown" has traditionally been defined as bounded by the downtown freeway loop: bounded on the east by I-345 (although known and signed as the northern terminus of I-45 and the southern terminus of US 75 (Central Expressway), on the west by I-35E, on the south by I-30, and on the north by Spur 366 (Woodall Rodgers Freeway). The square miles, population and density figures in the table to the right represent the data for this traditional definition.

However, the strong organic growth of Downtown Dallas since the early 2000's and continuing into the present has now resulted in Downtown Dallas, Inc.'s expansion of the term "Downtown" to include the explosive growth occurring immediately north of the Woodall Rodgers Freeway in the Victory Park and Uptown/Turtle Creek Districts as well as past Central Expressway to the east in the Deep Ellum and Bryan Place Districts, past Interstate 30 to the south with the Cedars District, and jumping over Interstate 35E to the west to include the Design District and Lower Oak Lawn. In total there are 11 districts that now form the definition of "Downtown".

In 2011 "Downtown Dallas" is now viewed as an interconnected grouping of dense and urban center city districts, that while unique in their own right, also share strong urban linkages to each other and collectively participate in their role as Downtown Dallas.

Dallas skyline from The West Village

Contents

History

Downtown Dallas achieved notoriety on November 22, 1963, with the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. Kennedy and Governor John Connally (who survived) were shot as their motorcade passed through Dealey Plaza in what is now the West End Historic District. Part of the former Texas School Book Depository is now the Sixth Floor Museum, with exhibits about Kennedy and the assassination. Nearby is the John Fitzgerald Kennedy Memorial.

The building boom of the 1970s and 1980s produced a distinctive contemporary profile for the downtown skyline, influenced by nationally prominent architects. At the same time, the establishment of the West End Historic District in the 1980s preserved a very large group of late 19th century brick warehouses that have been adapted for use as restaurants and shops.

With the construction of the Dallas Center for the Performing Arts in the Arts District of Downtown, Dallas will be the only city in the world that has four buildings within one contiguous block designed by four separate and distinguished Pritzker Architecture Prize winners.

Overview

Downtown Dallas as seen from Lake Cliff in Oak Cliff.

The area is undergoing a transition as dozens of residential conversions and new high rise condos bring more permanent residents to the downtown area. (See: North Central Texas Council of Governments (NCTCOG).[1]) Its redeveloped Main Street has recently become more of a place for Dallasites to play after several restaurants, hotels, and residential towers opened their doors along the strip. Downtown's growth can partially be attributed to Dallas Area Rapid Transit's (DART) three (soon to be 4) LRT lines and the one commuter line that run through Downtown and an aggressive stance taken by the city to drive development at all costs. The city has invested $160 million of public funds in downtown Dallas for residential development that attracted $650 million of private investment.

Two of the first new-construction office building projects downtown in over 20 years broke ground in 2005—One Arts Plaza, a 24 story mixed use office, retail, residential development in the Arts District which is the new home of 7-Eleven’s World Headquarters; and the vibrant 17 story Hunt Consolidated office building, with its spectacular state-of-the-art LED exterior lighting, which is the national headquarters for and fully occupied by Hunt Oil. Additionally, the $200 million dollar 42-story Museum Tower residential skyscraper is under construction in the Downtown Dallas Arts District with completion expected in 2012.

The City of Dallas, along with several non-profit organizations, have championed and successfully achieved the construction of a new $110 million dollar urban deck park over Woodall Rodgers Freeway to create a physically seamless Uptown/Downtown District; the urban deck park is scheduled to open in 2012. The new 5.2 acre urban park, simply called "The Park", will further strengthen the existing synergy between the Uptown real estate market and the booming development occurring in the Downtown Dallas Arts District which together help further the continuing growth and redevelopment of Downtown Dallas.

Importantly, The Trinity River Corridor is poised to undergo a significant transformation (the Trinity River Project) into a giant urban park. The park is expected to include an equestrian center, lakes, trails and three bridges designed by Santiago Calatrava. Funding over the years, however, has been a constant problem. Though serious work on the project now appears eminent, with the first two bridges having received significant private backing.

Central Business District Population, Household, and Employment Projections
2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030
Population 14,654 20,646 29,446 33,139 39,781 47,098 59,337
Households 1,122 3,318 6,015 7,029 7,868 8,611 9,340
Employment 130,473 135,148 138,224 140,961 149,936 155,966 160,733

Culture

Neighborhoods

Districts of downtown Dallas

Within Loop

Outside Loop

Tallest structures

  1. Bank of America Plaza - 921 feet (281 m)
  2. Renaissance Tower - 886 feet (270 m)
  3. Comerica Bank Tower - 787 feet (240 m)
  4. JPMorgan Chase Tower - 738 feet (225 m)
  5. Fountain Place - 720 feet (219 m)

Transportation

Looking south down Market in the West End Historic District

Downtown Dallas is surrounded by a major highway loop composed of, from the north and clockwise, Spur 366 (Woodall Rodgers Freeway), unsigned Interstate 345 (connecting U.S. Highway 75 (Central Expressway) to the north and Interstate 45 to the south), Interstate 30, and Interstate 35E. The loop is the center of Dallas's hub-and-spoke highway system which can be likened to a wagon wheel. U.S. Highway 67 is carried through downtown on Interstate 35E to the south and Interstate 30 to the east, and U.S. Highway 175 and the Dallas North Tollway join with other major highways within a mile of downtown.

Downtown is the center of the DART light rail system. The Blue and Red lines run through, from south to north, Convention Center, Union, West End, Akard, St. Paul, and Pearl stations. The Trinity Railway Express commuter train, which connects downtown Fort Worth with downtown Dallas, terminates at Union Station. Union Station also has Amtrak service, with trains connecting to Chicago and Los Angeles.

The McKinney Avenue Transit Authority (MATA) operates the M-Line, a free trolley service that runs down St. Paul Street from Uptown and terminates at Ross Avenue. North from downtown, it travels to McKinney Avenue from St. Paul, runs through the LoMac neighborhood, and finally loops around the West Village along Blackburn and Cole Avenues. A spur adjacent to the West Village runs to Cityplace Station.[2]

Greyhound Lines operates a terminal at 205 South Lamar Street.[3] DART operates the West and East Transfer Centers as hubs for its public bus system.[4]

The Denton County Transportation Authority (DCTA) operates an express commuter bus route that serves two stops in Denton, one stop in Lewisville, and another that makes two stops, one in Denton and another in Carrollton.

Downtown Renaissance

Stone Street Gardens is a landscaped oasis lined with bistros, pubs and restaurants connecting Main Street to Elm Street in Downtown Dallas

Recently[when?] downtown Dallas has undergone a series of important changes that city officials believe will drastically improve the city's core. These changes are located in four downtown areas: Victory Park, the Arts District, the Trinity River, and the Convention center corridor.

Victory Park, named one of the nation's most successful Brownfield reclamation projects, is home to the American Airlines Center, built in 2001, as well as several new high-rise hotels, residential towers and office buildings including the 33 story "W Dallas Victory Hotel and Residences" (2006), the 28 story "Cirque" residential tower (2007), the 29 story "The House" residential tower (2008), the 20 story "One Victory Park" office tower (2009), among others. Also currently under construction in Victory Park is the new "Perot Museum of Nature and Science", a $185 million dollar 14 story ultra-modern addition to Downtown Dallas scheduled to open in late 2012.

The Arts District, Dallas, Texas, already one of the world's largest, is in the final stages of a massive ten year construction project that will result in a new 2,300 seat opera house, a series of theatres, residential space, retail, parks, and a gleaming 42 story residential tower known as Museum Tower which is scheduled to open in 2012.

Of all the changes in downtown Dallas, the Trinity River corridor is undergoing the most dramatic. Currently the river runs in an artificially straight line a large distance from any part of downtown; however, Dallas is currently in the process of returning the river to its natural course, creating two large lakes to border the downtown area, and has commissioned two large cable stayed bridges to be built across the river and new lakes. Dubbed the Trinity River Project by local officials, plans are also in place for improved levies to protect downtown from possible flooding.

Separated from Victory Park and the Arts District by the Downtown Central Business District, the Convention Center corridor is the site of a new convention center hotel. Currently, Dallas stands as one of a few major American cities without a hotel accompanying its convention center. The currently under construction $500 million dollar 23 story hotel is the Omni Dallas Hotel, which is scheduled to open earlier than planned in November 2011. Dallas hopes these changes will bring more permanent residents into the downtown area; as of the 2010 Census the downtown population has grown to 6,074 from the 1,000 citizens who lived in downtown at the end of 20th century.

Government and infrastructure

Dallas City Hall is located in Downtown Dallas.

The Texas Fifth District Court of Appeals is located in the George L. Allen, Sr. Courts Building in Downtown Dallas.[5]

The United States Postal Service operates the Downtown Dallas Post Office at 400 North Ervay Street.[6]

Economy

Comerica Bank Tower, national headquarters of Comerica Bank
Whitacre Tower, the World Headquarters of AT&T

AT&T is headquartered at the Whitacre Tower in Downtown Dallas; AT&T moved to Dallas from San Antonio, Texas in 2008. Mayor of Dallas Tom Leppert said in 2008 that he hoped that AT&T would stay in the central city.[7]

Comerica is headquartered in the Comerica Bank Tower.[8] On March 6, 2007, Comerica announced its decision to relocate its corporate headquarters to Dallas from Detroit, Michigan. The decision was attributed to its long-term strategy of growth in the South and Southwest regions of the United States.[9]

Ensco International has its corporate headquarters in Suite 4300 in the Lincoln Plaza building.[10] In 2009 Ensco announced that it will move its headquarters to London and become a British-registered company. The company said that it does not plan to move "a large number" of employees to London. The COO of the company will remain in Dallas.[11]

Tenet Healthcare is headquartered in the Fountain Place building in Downtown Dallas. The company announced in 2008 that it was moving from the northern suburban areas of Dallas to Fountain Place due to high gasoline prices and the revitalization of Downtown Dallas.[12]

Blockbuster Video is headquartered in the Renaissance Tower.[13] In 1996 Blockbuster, which was then headquartered in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, began studying the idea of moving its headquarters into the Renaissance Tower.[14] In November 1996 Blockbuster confirmed that it was moving into the Renaissance Tower.[15]

Belo and A. H. Belo have their headquarters in the Belo Building.[16][17] 7-Eleven has its corporate headquarters in the One Arts Plaza building.[18] Energy Future Holdings Corporation has its headquarters in the Energy Plaza complex.[19] Greyhound Bus Lines is located at 350 North St. Paul Street.[20] The Dallas Morning News has its headquarters in Downtown.[21] Neiman Marcus has its headquarters in One Neiman Square in Downtown.[22] The Trammell Crow Company has its headquarters in the Trammell Crow Center.[23]

The KPMG Centre in Downtown Dallas has the Dallas offices of KPMG and Sidley Austin.[24][25] Which Wich? has its headquarters in Downtown Dallas.[26]

Former economic operations

At one time Halliburton had its headquarters in Downtown Dallas. The company moved its headquarters from the Southland Life Building to 50,648 square feet (4,705.4 m2) of space in Lincoln Plaza in 1985.[27] Halliburton planned to move its headquarters to Houston in 2002.[28]

At one point Internet America, an internet service provider, was headquartered in the One Dallas Centre building in Downtown Dallas.[29] In January 2006 the company announced that it would move the corporate headquarters, accounting department, and finance departments from Dallas to the Houston area.[30][31] The company moved in early 2006.[32] Deloitte LLP has its offices in the JPMorgan Chase Tower.[33]

Education

Primary and secondary schools

Public schools

Downtown Dallas is served by the Dallas Independent School District.[34]

Three schools: Middle College High School at El Centro College, the Pegasus School of Liberal Arts and Sciences, and Booker T. Washington High School for the Performing and Visual Arts, are located in downtown. The Pegasus Complex is also in downtown.

The neighborhood schools for Downtown are outside of the loop.

Four elementary schools—City Park,[35] Sam Houston,[36] Esperanza "Hope" Medrano,[37] and Ignacio Zaragoza;[38] three middle schools—Billy Earl Dade (City Park zone),[39] Thomas J. Rusk (Houston and Medrano zones),[40] and Alex W. Spence (Zaragoza zone);[41] and two high schools—James Madison (City Park zone)[42] and North Dallas (Houston, Medrano, and Zaragoza zones),[43] serve downtown.

Laureate Academy, a K-3, 6 charter school of Uplift Education, is in Downtown Dallas.[44]

Private School

Residents are also served by First Baptist Academy of Dallas, a Biblically-integrated, college preparatory Pre-K through 12 school located in the city center district of downtown Dallas.

Holy Trinity Catholic School[45] is a nearby centrally located private school providing early education to three year olds through eighth grade. It is supported by the Roman Catholic Diocese of Dallas.

Colleges and universities

El Centro College of the Dallas County Community College District is in Downtown.

The University of North Texas, located 35 miles (56 km) to the north in Denton, would like to open a law school downtown. A previous attempt was rebuffed by the state legislature. If eventually successful, Dallas would cease to be the largest city in the country without a public law school.[46]


Gallery

August 1912: The tallest building is the Adolphus Hotel, which was completed earlier in the year. 150°, centered at From the northwest.
April 1, 1913: 180°, centered at south-southwest.
April 20, 1920: Very few of the tallest buildings in this photo still exist: Immediately obvious are The Adolphus Hotel and the Interurban Building. Every single-family house, the Medical Arts Building and the Baker Hotel have all since been razed and replaced.
June 11, 2011: The Dallas skyline as seen from the Belmont Hotel in Oak Cliff.

References

  1. ^ Downtown Dallas Population Forecasts
  2. ^ DART.org - M-Line Service. Retrieved 18 September 2006.
  3. ^ "Dallas, Texas." Greyhound Lines. Retrieved on May 4, 2009.
  4. ^ Greyhound.com - Locations : Dallas, Texas. Retrieved September 18, 2006.
  5. ^ "About the Texas Fifth District Court of Appeals." Texas Fifth District Court of Appeals. Retrieved on March 9, 2010.
  6. ^ "Post Office Location - DOWNTOWN DALLAS." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 4, 2008.
  7. ^ Godinez, Victor and David McLemore. "AT&T moving headquarters to Dallas from San Antonio." The Dallas Morning News. Saturday June 28, 2008. Retrieved on June 18, 2009.
  8. ^ "Contact Us." Comerica. Retrieved on April 19, 2009.
  9. ^ "Comerica to move headquarters to Dallas from Detroit." Northwestern Financial Review. April 1–14, 2007. Retrieved on April 17, 2009.
  10. ^ "Corporate Offices." Ensco International. Retrieved on November 13, 2009.
  11. ^ "Dallas-based Ensco to move headquarters to U.K." The Dallas Morning News. Tuesday November 10, 2009. Retrieved on November 13, 2009.
  12. ^ Brown, Steve. "Tenet Healthcare moving to downtown Dallas' Fountain Place." The Dallas Morning News. Friday August 8, 2008. Retrieved on December 8, 2009.
  13. ^ "Privacy Policy." Blockbuster Inc. Retrieved on September 16, 2009.
  14. ^ "Blockbuster sets meeting on move Video rental chain preparing possible relocation to Dallas." Fort Worth Star-Telegram. November 1, 1996. 1 Business. Retrieved on December 18, 2009.
  15. ^ Brown, Steve. "Commercial real estate sales up 43% in 3rd quarter." The Dallas Morning News. November 22, 1996. Retrieved on December 18, 2009.
  16. ^ "Contact Us." Belo. Retrieved on November 21, 2009.
  17. ^ "Contact Us." A. H. Belo. Retrieved on November 21, 2009.
  18. ^ "7-Eleven, Inc. Announces Aggressive Growth Plans Throughout SoCal." 7-Eleven. Retrieved on November 15, 2009.
  19. ^ "Contact." Energy Future Holdings Corporation. Retrieved on November 13, 2009.
  20. ^ "Route Map." Greyhound Lines. Retrieved on May 4, 2009.
  21. ^ "Contact Us." The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved on November 21, 2009.
  22. ^ "Company Information." Neiman Marcus. Retrieved on December 7, 2009.
  23. ^ "Contact Us." Trammell Crow. Retrieved on December 16, 2009.
  24. ^ "Offices." KPMG. Retrieved on December 17, 2009.
  25. ^ "Dallas." Sidley Austin. Retrieved on December 17, 2009.
  26. ^ "Which Wich? Headquarters." (Go to Contact) Which Wich? Retrieved on February 25, 2010.
  27. ^ Brown, Steve. "HALLIBURTON WILL MOVE HEADQUARTERS TO LINCOLN PLAZA." The Dallas Morning News. October 23, 1985. Retrieved on December 16, 2009.
  28. ^ "Halliburton to Move Headquarters from Dallas to Houston." Fort Worth Star-Telegram. July 17, 2002. Retrieved on July 14, 2009.
  29. ^ "About Us." Internet America. January 1, 2000. Retrieved on September 25, 2009.
  30. ^ "Internet America Announces New CFO and Relocation of Headquarters." PR Newsire. January 12, 2006. Retrieved on September 25, 2009.
  31. ^ "Internet America moving headquarters to Houston." Dallas Business Journal. Thursday January 12, 2006. Retrieved on September 25, 2009.
  32. ^ "Blackmon resigns as president of Internet America." Houston Business Journal. Tuesday December 26, 2006. Retrieved on September 25, 2009.
  33. ^ "Deloitte LLP Corporate Office Consolidation & Expansion in Downtown Dallas." City of Dallas. October 5, 2009. 6. Retrieved on January 15, 2010.
  34. ^ "Downtown Improvement District (DID)." City of Dallas Economic Development. Retrieved on November 19, 2011.
  35. ^ "Fall 2011 City Park Elementary Attendance Zone Grades PK-5." Dallas Independent School District. Retrieved on September 6, 2011.
  36. ^ "Fall 2011 Sam Houston Elementary Attendance Zone Grades PK-5." Dallas Independent School District. Retrieved on September 6, 2011.
  37. ^ "Fall 2011 Esperanza "Hope" Medrano Elementary Attendance Zone Grades PK-5." Dallas Independent School District. Retrieved on September 6, 2011.
  38. ^ "Fall 2011 Ignacio Zaragoza Elementary Attendance Zone Grades PK-5." Dallas Independent School District. Retrieved on September 6, 2011.
  39. ^ "Fall 2011 Billy Earl Dade Middle School Attendance Zone Grades 6-8." Dallas Independent School District. Retrieved on September 6, 2011.
  40. ^ "Fall 2011 Thomas J. Rusk Middle School Attendance Zone Grades 6-8." Dallas Independent School District. Retrieved on September 6, 2011.
  41. ^ "Fall 2011 Alex W. Spence Middle School Attendance Zone Grades 6-8." Dallas Independent School District. Retrieved on September 6, 2011.
  42. ^ "Fall 2011 James Madison High School Attendance Zone Grades 9-12." Dallas Independent School District. Retrieved on September 6, 2011.
  43. ^ "Fall 2011 North Dallas High School Attendance Zone Grades 9-12." Dallas Independent School District. Retrieved on September 6, 2011.
  44. ^ "Laureate Preparatory." Uplift Education. Retrieved on September 6, 2011. "2020 N. Lamar Dallas, TX 75202"
  45. ^ Holy Trinity Catholic School
  46. ^ Dallas Morning News

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Downtown Dallas — est le principal quartier d affaires (Central Business District) de la métropole de Dallas au Texas, situé dans centre ville. Le secteur officiellement nommé downtown est entouré par la Downtown freeway loop : composé à l est par l… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bradford Homesuites Downtown (Dallas/Fort Worth) — Bradford Homesuites Downtown country: United States, city: Dallas/Fort Worth (City Centre: Downtown) Bradford Homesuites Downtown Situated in the downtown central business district, arguably the southwestРІР‚в„ўs most important business and… …   International hotels

  • Dallas Area Rapid Transit — Arapaho Center Light Rail Station …   Wikipedia

  • Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex — Dallas–Fort Worth redirects here. For the airport, see Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport. Metroplex redirects here. For other uses of the term, see Metroplex (disambiguation). Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington   MSA   …   Wikipedia

  • Dallas North Tollway — Route information Length: 32 mi (51 km) Existed: 1968 – present …   Wikipedia

  • Dallas, Texas — Dallas  Cet article concerne la ville américaine du Texas. Pour le feuilleton télévisé, voir Dallas (feuilleton télévisé). Pour les autres significations, voir Dallas (homonymie). Dallas …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dallas (Texas) — Dallas  Cet article concerne la ville américaine du Texas. Pour le feuilleton télévisé, voir Dallas (feuilleton télévisé). Pour les autres significations, voir Dallas (homonymie). Dallas …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dallas Stars — 2011–12 Dallas Stars season Conference Western …   Wikipedia

  • Dallas County, Texas — The former Dallas County Courthouse in Dallas …   Wikipedia

  • Dallas Zoo — Entry Plaza Dallas Zoo fountain with logo Date opened 1888 …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.