Assimilation


Assimilation

Assimilation (from Latin "assimilatio"; "to render similar") may refer to more than one article:
*Assimilation (linguistics), a linguistic process by which a sound becomes similar to an adjacent sound
*Cultural assimilation, the process whereby a minority group gradually adopts the customs and attitudes of the prevailing culture
**Language shift or language assimilation, the progressive process whereby a speech community of a language shifts to speaking another language
**Americanization (of Native Americans), cultural assimilation of Native Americans in the United States
**Jewish assimilation
*Assimilation (biology), the conversion of nutrient into the fluid or solid substance of the body, by the processes of digestion and absorption
*Assimilation (meteorology), the process of objectively adapting the model state (of a numerical weather prediction model) to observations in a statistical optimal way taking into account model and observation errors.
*Assimilation (philosophy), incorporation of new concepts into existing schemes

* Assimilating race in science fiction
** Assimilation (Star Trek), process used by the fictional "Star Trek" Borg race to integrate a being into their collective structure
** Biological assimilation is also used by the Zerg in the "StarCraft" series as a way of incorporating the genetics of other species into their own genepool.
** In Superman, assimilation is the method of being stabbed or injected with kryptonite
*In psychoanalysis, a mutual penetration of conscious and unconscious contents
*In Piagetian developmental psychology, one of the twin processes whereby concepts are modified (along with accommodation)
* In computer science, the modification of anti-virus software to detect a new virus
* In typesetting, the symmetry property possessed in varying degrees by a typeface that creates mirror relationships and other similarities of form between letters
* "L'assimilande", a novel by Paul Laurendeau about fast-paced linguistic assimilation triggered by a technical device called the "glottophore".


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  • assimilation — [ asimilasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1503; assimulation 1374; lat. assimilatio, de assimilare → assimiler 1 ♦ Acte de l esprit qui considère (une chose) comme semblable (à une autre). ⇒ identification, rapprochement. L assimilation d une chose à une autre,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • ASSIMILATION — ASSIMILATION. In general the sociocultural process in which the sense and consciousness of association with one national and cultural group changes to identification with another such group, so that the merged individual or group may partially or …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Assimilation — (von lateinisch similis „ähnlich“) steht für: Assimilation (Biologie), die schrittweise erfolgende Stoffumwandlung körperfremder in körpereigene Stoffe, sowohl im Pflanzen als auch im Tierreich Assimilation (Lernpsychologie), die Integration… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Assimilation — As*sim i*la tion, n. [L. assimilatio: cf. F. assimilation.] 1. The act or process of assimilating or bringing to a resemblance, likeness, or identity; also, the state of being so assimilated; as, the assimilation of one sound to another. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Assimilation — Assimilation, die Aufnahme und Verarbeitung der Nährstoffe durch die Pflanze, insbesondere Aufnahme des Kohlenstoffs aus der Kohlensäure der atmosphärischen Luft und Einführung desselben in den Stoffwechsel. Nach der Einrichtung ihrer… …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • Assimilation — Assimilation, d.i. Verähnlichung, heißt der physiologische Vorgang, durch welchen der aus der aufgenommenen Nahrung durch die Verdauung bereitete Milchsaft dem Blute allmählig ähnlicher gemacht und endlich ganz in solches umgewandelt wird. Auch… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • assimilation — [ə sim΄ə lā′shən] n. an assimilating or being assimilated; specif., a) the cultural absorption of a minority group into the main cultural body b) Linguis. a process in which a sound, influenced by a neighboring sound, tends to become like it in… …   English World dictionary

  • assimilation — assimilation. См. ассимиляция. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Assimilation — (v. lat.), 1) Verähnlichung, Ähnlichmachung; 2) (Gramm.), in zusammengesetzten Wörtern die Verwandlung des Endconsonanten des ersten Wortes in den Anfangsconsonanten des zweiten, zur leichteren Aussprache, z.B. das Wort A. selbst für Adsimilation …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Assimilation — (lat., »Verähnlichung«), der Vorgang, durch den Bestandteile der Nahrung innerhalb der lebenden Wesen zu Bestandteilen von deren Körper werden. Hierhin ist bei den Tieren zu rechnen die Verwandlung der im Verdauungskanal aus den genossenen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon


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