Tiara


Tiara

A tiara (from Persian تاره "tara" adopted in Latin as 'tiara') is a form of crown. There are two possible types of crown that this word can refer to.

Traditionally, the word "tiara" refers to a high crown, often with the shape of a cylinder narrowed at its top, made of fabric or leather, and richly ornamented. It was used by the kings and emperors of some ancient peoples in Mesopotamia. The Assyrians used to include a pair of bull horns as a decoration and symbol of authority and a circle of short feathers surrounding the tiara's top. The Persian tiara was more similar to a truncated cone, without the horns and feathers but more jewels, and a conic-shaped tip at its top.

Papal tiara

In the Roman Catholic Church, the Papal Tiara is a high cap surrounded by three crowns and bearing a globe surmounted by a cross worn by the Pope during certain ceremonies, being the symbol of his authority. Since Pope Paul VI set aside his tiara after the Second Vatican Council, the Papal Tiara has not been worn. Pope Benedict XVI even removed the tiara from his Coat of Arms, replacing it with a mitre (but with some symbolic reference to the symbolism of the tiara, still in use in the Holy See's coat of arms). Tiara is also used as a name in many parts of "'the world.

Other tiaras

In modern times, however, a tiara is generally a semi-circular band, often metal, and decorated with jewels, which is worn as a form of adornment. It is worn by women around their head or on the forehead as a circlet on very formal or high social occasions. Tiaras are frequently used to "crown" the winners of beauty pageants. In western countries, a bride often wears a tiara as part of her bridal gown.
Queen Elizabeth II is said to have the largest and most valuable collection of tiaras in the world, many of which are heirlooms of the British Royal Family. She is often seen wearing them on state occasions. Her personal collection of tiaras is considered to be priceless; in addition she received many of them through inheritance, especially from Queen Alexandra, and gifts from foreign countries. For example, a diamond and aquamarine tiara she received was a present from the people of Brazil.

Tiaras in fiction

In fiction, superheroine Wonder Woman is usually depicted wearing a tiara; hers can be thrown as a weapon, as can that worn by the magical girl character known as Sailor Moon, and also all Sailor Senshi wear tiaras. Both Wonder Woman and the Sailor Senshi's Tiaras are worn over their forehead instead of on top of the head as the are traditionally pictured. Princesses in fiction wear tiaras as well.

External links

* [http://thetiara.net/ The Diadem]

ee also

*Diadem
*Kamelaukion
*Papal tiara

External links

* [http://www.royalcollection.org.uk/microsites/dressfortheoccasion/object.asp?exhibs=BPSO2006jewellery&item=2 The Royal Collection] tiaras of Queen Elizabeth II


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Synonyms:
(of the Pope)


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tiara — • The papal crown, ornamented with precious stones and pearls, which is shaped like a bee hive, has a small cross at its highest point Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Tiara     Tiara …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • TIARA — capitis tegmen vel vinculum, pavoninis pennis insigne, Schol. aristoph. ad Acharn. act. 1. sc. 2. quod forsan de galea bellica, non de habitu pacifico intelligendum. Claudian. de 6. Consul. Honorii, v. 69. s. Te linguis variae gentes, missique… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • tiară — TIÁRĂ, tiare, s.f. 1. Coroană purtată de către regii vechilor perşi şi de către conducătorii altor popoare orientale. 2. Mitră papală formată din trei coroane suprapuse, decorate cu flori de crin stilizate. [pr.: ti a ] – Din fr. tiare, lat.… …   Dicționar Român

  • Tiara — Tiara. Der Name einer Mütze oder Haupthülle der alten Assyrer, Meder, Perser, Armenier und Hebräer, die von Letzeren, bei denen sie nur der Hohepriester als Zeichen seiner Würde trug, auf die christliche Kirche überging, wo sie die dreifache… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Tiara — Sf (Kopfbedeckung von Königen bzw. des Papstes) per. Wortschatz fach. (18. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus gr. tiārā, eigentlich Turban, die kegelförmige Kopfbedeckung der Perser , das aus dem Persischen übernommen ist.    Ebenso nndl. tiara, ne.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Tiāra — (griech.), die Kopfbedeckung der persischen Könige, von aufrechtstehender Form mit darum geschlungenem Diadem; dann die hohe päpstliche Krone, anfangs eine helmartige Mütze aus weißem Stoff mit edelsteingeschmücktem Goldreifen am untern Rand, an… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • tiara — s.f. [dal lat. tiara e tiaras, gr. tiára e tiáras ]. 1. (abbigl.) [copricapo a forma di cono, di tessuto o di pelle, indossato da re e sacerdoti orientali] ▶◀ mitra. 2. (eccles.) [copricapo usato un tempo dal papa nelle funzioni solenni]… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • tiara — (n.) 1550s, headdress of the Persian kings (also worn by men of rank), from L. tiara, from Gk. tiara, of unknown origin. Earlier in anglicized form tiar (1510s) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Tiara — Ti*a ra, n. [L., from Gr. ?, ?; of Persian origin.] 1. A form of headdress worn by the ancient Persians. According to Xenophon, the royal tiara was encircled with a diadem, and was high and erect, while those of the people were flexible, or had… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • tiara — s. f. 1. Mitra de tríplice coroa que o papa usa em certas cerimônias. 2.  [Figurado] A dignidade papal. 3. Antigo ornamento dos reis e sacerdotes persas e armênios. 4. cingir a tiara: principiar o pontificado …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • tiara'd — meaning ‘wearing a tiara’, is preferable to the alternative form tiaraed …   Modern English usage


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