Infobox Public transit
name = TriMet
imagesize = 150 × 50 pixels
Portland metropolitan area
Commuter Rail Light Rail
December 1, 1969[http://trimet.org/about/history/trimet_story.htm TriMet Story] ]
system_length = Rail – 71.3 km (44.3 mi)
lines = 3 Light rail
98 Bus routes
stations = 64
ridership = 309,900 (Daily Average) (FY 2007) [http://trimet.org/pdfs/ridership/busmaxstat.pdf Bus and MAX stats] ]
track_gauge = 1,435 mm (4 ft 8½ in) (standard gauge)
operator = Tri-County Metropolitan Transportation District of Oregon
fleet = 95 (Light rail) [http://www.trimet.org/max/fleetfacts.htm MAX fleet] ] 660 (bus) [http://www.trimet.org/bus/fleetfacts.htm TriMet: Bus Vehicle & Fleet Facts ] ]
TriMet, more formally known as the Tri-County Metropolitan Transportation District of Oregon, is a public agency that operates mass transit in a region that spans most of the
Portland, Oregonmetropolitan area. TriMet provides the region's bus system, the MAX Light Railsystem, as well as LIFT paratransitservice required by the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. As of October 2006, the system averages over 300,000 rides per weekday [ [http://trimet.org/pdfs/publications/factsheet.pdf Fact Sheet.] TriMet] and operates buses and trains between the hours of approximately 5 AM and 2 AM with no "night owl" service.
TriMet serves portions of the counties of Multnomah, Washington, and Clackamas; the district extends from Troutdale to Forest Grove east to west, and from
Sauvie Islandto Oregon City and Estacada north to south.
TriMet was founded in 1969 after disputes between the city and
Rose City Transit, the company that previously operated the bus system. [ [http://www.trimet.org/about/history/trimet_story.htm TriMet History.] TriMet] It is "a municipal corporation of the State of Oregon", with powers to tax, issue bonds, and enact police ordinances. TriMet is governed by a board of directors appointed by the Governor of Oregon. [ [http://www.trimet.org/about/organization/boarddirectors.htm Board of Directors.] TriMet]
The TriMet district is divided into three fare zones, with fares based on the number of zones in which a passenger travels. [ [http://www.trimet.org/fares/zones.htm Fare Zones.] TriMet] Zone 1 consists of the Portland city center out one to two miles. Zone 2 is a ring around Zone 1 out two to three more miles. Zone 3 wraps around Zone 2 and consists of rest of the system within the suburbs of Portland. Clark County's
C-TRANuses TriMet's zones and adds a Zone 4 that includes the outer reaches of Clark County. Within Zone 1 is Fareless Square, an area in and around downtown Portland within which all rides on the TriMet system are zero-fare.
TriMet tickets and passes are also valid on the
Portland Streetcar, which is run by the City of Portland.
In 2004, TriMet operated a total of 638
buseson 93 lines, 105 MAX light railcars on three lines, 6 special shuttles and 208 LIFT paratransitvehicles. MAX and 16 of the bus lines are scheduled to operate at 15 minute headways throughout much of the service day. [ [http://www.trimet.org/bus/frequentservice.htm Bus service.] TriMet] TriMet also has a variety of shuttle and special event services.
TriMet connects to several other
mass transitsystems: [ [http://www.trimet.org/guide/othertransit.htm Connects to other transit systems.] TriMet]
* C-TRAN, which provides service to
Vancouver, Washingtonand surrounding Clark County;
* four systems providing service to cities which left TriMet: [ [http://www.oregon.gov/DOR/BUS/IC-211-503.shtml Department of Revenue: Business Taxes Transit Payroll Taxes for Employers ] ]
Canby Area Transit(for Canby), Sandy Area Metro(for Sandy), South Metro Area Rapid Transit(for Wilsonville) and South Clackamas Transportation District(for Molalla);
*work site shuttles such as Clackamas Link Shuttle (serving
Clackamas Town Center) and Swan Island Evening Shuttle
*two systems providing service to outlying counties: the
Tillamook County Transportation District, and Yamhill County Transportation; and
*several shuttles providing specialized services.
Transportation planning for the metropolitan area is provided by Metro, an elected regional government.
TriMet rail lines
MAX Light Rail(short for Metropolitan Area Express) service and has a commuter railline under development. Fares on MAX are the same as TriMet bus fares, and operate the honor system. Fare inspectors patrol the system randomly; no system is available to consistently check fares like SmarTripin Washington, DC, or Chicago Cardin Chicago, Illinois. There are currently no plans to implement such a system, despite reports of violence on the system and calls for more security [ [http://blog.oregonlive.com/reneemitchell/2007/12/trimet_safety.html TriMet Safety.] TriMet Safety Editorial] .
TriMet's rail lines include:
MAX Blue Line: Hillsboro/Beaverton/City Center/Gresham
MAX Red Line: Beaverton/City Center/Airport
MAX Yellow Line: City Center/Expo Center
MAX Green Line(under construction): City Center (Portland State University)/Clackamas Town Center
MAX Orange Line(in design): City Center/Milwaukie
Westside Express Service(under construction): Beaverton/Wilsonville
Portland Streetcar(operated and partially funded by TriMet, but not a TriMet service)
TriMet operates a total of 660 buses in 18 fleets, ranging from
paratransitcars and mini-buses to 30 and 40 foot (9 and 12 meter) buses [http://www.trimet.org/bus/fleetfacts.htm Vehicle Fleet Facts] ] . Unlike many transit agencies, TriMet does not operate 60 foot (18 m) buses, despite calls for added capacity. Previous articulated buses, made by Ikarus Bus, had an array of problems and were discontinued. There are also two hybrid buses currently in service.
TriMet's buses operate out of three garages for easy dispatch: Powell Garage to the east, Merlo Garage on the west side, and the Center Garage near downtown.
There are 95 light rail vehicles divided into three "types": Type 1, 2, and 3 [http://www.trimet.org/max/fleetfacts.htm MAX Fleet Facts] ] . A third fleet is on order for the scheduled opening of the
MAX Green Line.
Four rail cars built by Colorado Railcar will operate on the commuter rail line between Beaverton and Wilsonville when the line opens in 2009.
The following timeline is taken mostly from TriMet's November/December 2004 newsletter, the "Rider Insider":
*1969 Tri-Met takes over for the nearly bankrupt Rose City Transit. The system has 175 buses and a daily ridership of about 65,000.
*1974 The first shelters at
bus stops are installed.
*1975 The "
Fareless Square" is created in downtown Portland, with the goal of reducing short automobile trips within the city core and attract more riders. Fares outside the Square are 35 cents.
*1976 Bus drivers are allowed to grow facial hair.
*1978 The 22 block
Portland Transit Mallopens on downtown's Fifth and Sixth Avenues. The mall includes bus-only lanes and provides a hub to make it easier for riders to make connections. As of 2007, the mall is closed to add a light rail line, which are scheduled to open in September 2009, and revitalize it [http://www.portlandmall.org] .
*1981 Tri-Met introduces
articulated buses for the first time. 24-hour recorded schedule information becomes available over the phone.
*1986 The 15 mile (24 km) long
MAX Blue Linebetween Portland and Gresham opens. It re-introduces passenger rail service, missing since the 1950s.
*1989 Tri-Met is named "America's Best Transit Agency" by the
American Public Transportation Association.
*1995 Tri-Met's website goes online, hosted by local ISP Teleport (which eventually becomes acquired by OneMain.com, later to become part of
Earthlink). At the time when Internet access was less ubiquitous, Tri-Met also offered a dial-up information service through Teleport using UNIXshell and Lynx.
*1997 The first
low floorbuses and trains go into service.
*1998 Westside MAX (now known as the Blue line between Portland and Hillsboro) opens. Tri-Met also establishes bus lines that come every 15 minutes or sooner everyday, lessening the need to consult a schedule when using them.
*1999 Satellite-assisted bus arrival time displays (later to be named "Transit Tracker") are installed at select major bus stops in North Portland and downtown.
*2001 Fareless Square is expanded to a small portion of Northeast Portland between
Lloyd Centerand the Steel Bridge. Airport MAX (the Red line) begins service on September 10after a public/private partnership, prompted by a proposal from Bechtel Corporation, enables its construction years ahead of TriMet's plans for the use of public funds. Bechtel got development rights to 120 acres (486,000 m²) near the entrance to Portland International Airport. The original MAX line began to be referred to as the MAX Blue Line upon the opening of the Red Line. Bus sector symbols began to be phased out from maps and publications.
*2002 With the September schedule change, Tri-Met launches a new
corporate identitystrategy. It is renamed TriMet (without a hyphen) and a new logoand blue, white and yellow livery are introduced. An improved automated phone service is introduced.
*2004 Interstate MAX (the Yellow line) opens along Interstate Avenue. The fleet has grown to 638 buses, 208 paratransit vehicles, and 105 trains with a daily ridership of over 300,000.
*2005 TriMet introduces B5 biodiesel fuel into its fleet, with plans to expand it to the entire fleet instead of continuing to fuel conventional diesel buses with pure diesel.
*2007 Portland Mall on 5th and 6th Avenues is shut down for the new
MAX Green Lineproject. The project will take approximately 2 years and will run service from Portland State Universityto Clackamas Town Center.
TriMet service district
The following cities and communities are in the TriMet service area:
*Lake Oswego (see also
Willamette Shore Trolley)
*Portland (see also
Willamette Shore Trolley, Portland Streetcar, Portland Aerial Tramand Portland Vintage Trolley).
TriMet buses also serve
Wilsonville, Oregon(and formerly Vancouver, Washington) in order to provide connections to transit services in that city.
* [http://trimet.org/ Official website]
* [http://maps.trimet.org/ TriMet Interactive Map]
* [http://trimet.org/pdfs/trimetsystemmap.pdf TriMet System Map (PDF Format)]
* [http://www.ntdprogram.com/NTD/Profiles.nsf/2003+All/0008/%24File/0008.pdf 2003 Transit profile] from the
National Transit Database
* [http://olive-3.live.advance.net/news/oregonian/index.ssf?/base/news/116200591352730.xml&coll=7 "TriMet will fuel buses with biodiesel"] from
* [http://www.trimetiquette.com/ TriMetiquette - riding etiquette on TriMet]
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