Autochthon (and variants thereof) may refer to:

* The original inhabitants (indigenous peoples) of a place (auto + chthon (earth))
** Autochthonous language, the language of an indigenous people
** Autochthonous church, the indigenous church of a people
*In mythology, people born straight from the earth, with no human parents
* The indigenous flora and fauna of a region; see native species
* A sediment or rock that can be found at its site of formation or deposition, as opposed to an allochthon, which has moved from that site
* Autochthons are the natural inhabitants on a refuge of the CY30-CY30B star system in the novel The Divine Invasion by Philip K. Dick. They worship the deity Yah who has been banished from Earth and must then invade several characters in the story in order to return to Earth again.
* Autochtoon, a term in Dutch: a native-born citizen of the Netherlands or Flanders whose parents were also native-born, as opposed to an allochtoon, whose parents were not native-born.
* Autochthon (Exalted), a Primordial deity in White Wolf's role playing game "Exalted".
* Autochthon Wurm, a card from Wizard of the Coast's Trading Card Game.
* "Autochton (butterfly)", a genus of skipper butterflies

Autochthonous is the adjective and autochthon is the noun. From auto + the Greek chthon, the earth, soil = sprung from the earth or the soil itself.

See also: Chthon

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  • autochthon — autochthon …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • Autochthon — (altgriechisch αὐτός autós „selbst“ und χθών chthōn „Erde“, also etwa „einheimisch“, „eingeboren“, „alteingesessen“, „bodenständig“ oder „an Ort und Stelle entstanden“) bezeichnet: Autochthon (Geologie), Gesteine, die nicht tektonisch verschoben… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • autochthon — [ô täk′thən] n. pl. autochthons or autochthones [ô täk′thə nēz΄] [Gr autochthōn, sprung from the land itself < autos, self + chthōn, earth: see HOMAGE] 1. any of the earliest known inhabitants of a place; aborigine 2. any indigenous animal or… …   English World dictionary

  • Autochthon — Au*toch thon, n.; pl. E. {Authochthons}, L. {Autochthones}. [L., fr. Gr. ?, pl. ?, from the land itself; a yto s self + ? earth, land.] 1. One who is supposed to rise or spring from the ground or the soil he inhabits; one of the original… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Autochthōn — (autochthonisch, griech., von chthon, Erde), urerdgeboren, ureingesessen; vgl. Allochthon. Daher Autochthonen (lat. Terrigenae), die Ureinwohner eines Landes. Für a. hielten sich die Athener, Arkadier, Latiner (s. Aboriginer), Gallier, Skythen u …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Autochthon — Autochthōn (grch.), aus dem Lande selbst stammend (Gegensatz: allochthon); Autochthonen, Landeseingeborene, die Urbevölkerung eines Landes im Gegensatz zu den Eingewanderten. (S. auch Aboriginer.) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • autochthon — autochthon:⇨bodenständig …   Das Wörterbuch der Synonyme

  • autochthon — (n.) 1640s, one sprung from the soil he inhabits (pl. autochthones), from Gk. autokhthon aborigines, natives, lit. sprung from the land itself, used of the Athenians and others who claimed descent from the Pelasgians, from auto self (see AUTO (Cf …   Etymology dictionary

  • autochthon — endemisch; indigen (fachsprachlich); einheimisch; bodenständig; lang ansässig; ureingesessen; eingeboren; alteingesessen * * * au|to|chthon auch: au|toch|thon 〈Adj.〉 alteingesessen, bodenständig, eingeboren; Ggs …   Universal-Lexikon

  • autochthon — au|toch|thon* [...x to:n] <über lat. autochthon aus gr. autóchthōn »aus dem Lande selbst, eingeboren« zu ↑auto... u. chtho̅n »Erde, Boden«>: 1. alteingesessen, eingeboren, bodenständig (von Völkern od. Stämmen). 2. am Fundort entstanden,… …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

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