Cuboid bone


Cuboid bone
Bone: Cuboid bone
Gray274.png
The left cuboid. Antero-medial view.
Gray275.png
The left cuboid. Postero-lateral view
Latin os cuboideum
Gray's subject #63 269
MeSH Cuboid+Bone

In the human body, the cuboid bone is one of the seven tarsal bones of the foot.

Contents

Surfaces

The dorsal surface, directed upward and lateralward, is rough, for the attachment of ligaments.

The plantar surface presents in front a deep groove, the peroneal sulcus, which runs obliquely forward and medialward; it lodges the tendon of the peroneus longus, and is bounded behind by a prominent ridge, to which the long plantar ligament is attached.

The ridge ends laterally in an eminence, the tuberosity, the surface of which presents an oval facet; on this facet glides the sesamoid bone or cartilage frequently found in the tendon of the peroneus longus. The surface of bone behind the groove is rough, for the attachment of the plantar calcaneocuboid ligament, a few fibers of the flexor hallucis brevis, and a fasciculus from the tendon of the tibialis posterior.

The lateral surface presents a deep notch formed by the commencement of the peroneal sulcus.

The posterior surface is smooth, triangular, and concavo-convex, for articulation with the anterior surface of the calcaneus (the calcaneocuboid joint); its infero-medial angle projects backward as a process which underlies and supports the anterior end of the calcaneus.

The anterior surface, of smaller size, but also irregularly triangular, is divided by a vertical ridge into two facets, forming the fourth and fifth tarsometatarsal joints: the medial facet, quadrilateral in form, articulates with the fourth metatarsal; the lateral, larger and more triangular, articulates with the fifth.

The medial surface is broad, irregularly quadrilateral, and presents at its middle and upper part a smooth oval facet, for articulation with the third cuneiform; and behind this (occasionally) a smaller facet, for articulation with the navicular bone; it is rough in the rest of its extent, for the attachment of strong interosseous ligaments.

[1]

Injuries

In a condition known as cuboid syndrome, the cuboid can be subluxated downward causing a swollen kind of ache along the central portion of the lateral border of the foot.

See also

Additional images

Cuboid  
Bones of the right foot. Plantar surface.  
Skeleton of foot. Lateral aspect.  
Talocalcaneal and talocalcaneonavicular articulations exposed from above by removing the talus.  
Oblique section of left intertarsal and tarsometatarsal articulations, showing the synovial cavities.  
Bones of foot, in German and Latin  

References

  1. ^ Gray's Anatomy, (See infobox.)

This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained within it may be outdated.



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cuboid bone — The cuboid bone is the outer bone in the instep of the foot. It is called the cuboid bone because it is shaped like a cube. The cuboid bone articulates posteriorly (it has a joint in back) with the calcaneus (the heel bone) and anteriorly (it has …   Medical dictionary

  • cuboid bone — noun the cube shaped bone on the outer side of the tarsus • Hypernyms: ↑bone, ↑os • Part Holonyms: ↑tarsus * * * cuboid bone noun (anatomy) (in the foot) the outer bone of the tarsus connected to the heel bone and the fourth and fifth metatarsal… …   Useful english dictionary

  • cuboid bone — noun One of the seven tarsal bones. Syn: cuboid …   Wiktionary

  • cuboid bone — the outer bone of the tarsus, which articulates with the fourth and fifth metatarsal bones in front and with the calcaneus (heel bone) behind …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Кость Кубовидная (Cuboid Bone) — кость, занимающая латеральный край предплюсны, которая соединяется с четвертой и пятой плюсневыми костями спереди и сзади пяточной костью. Источник: Медицинский словарь …   Медицинские термины

  • calcaneal process of cuboid bone — processus calcaneus ossis cuboidei …   Medical dictionary

  • Cuboid Syndrome — Cuboid Syndrome, or Cuboid Subluxation, describes a condition that results from injury to the joints and ligaments in the vicinity of the cuboid bone, one of seven tarsal bones of the human foot.This condition often manifests in the form of… …   Wikipedia

  • Cuboid syndrome — or cuboid subluxation describes a condition that results from injury to the joints and ligaments in the vicinity of the cuboid bone, one of seven tarsal bones of the human foot. This condition often manifests in the form of lateral (little toe… …   Wikipedia

  • Cuboid — Cu boid (k? boid), a. [Cube + oid: cf. Gr. ???.] (Anat.) Cube shaped, or nearly so; as, the cuboid bone of the foot. n. (Anat.) The bone of the tarsus, which, in man and most mammals, supports the metatarsals of the fourth and fifth toes. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • cuboid — [kyo͞o′boid΄] adj. [Gr kyboeidēs: see CUBE1 & OID] 1. shaped like a cube 2. designating a cubelike tarsal bone on the outside of the foot between the metatarsals and the calcaneus n. 1. a six sided figure each face of which is a rectangle …   English World dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.