Hogenakkal Falls


Hogenakkal Falls

Hogenakkal Falls or Hogenakal Falls ( _ta. ஒக்கேனக்கல் அருவி, _kn. ಹೊಗೆನಕಲ್ ಜಲಪಾತ) is a waterfall in South India on the Kaveri (or Cauvery) River. It is located in the Dharmapuri district of the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu. [http://lawmin.nic.in/ncrwc/finalreport/v2b3-6.htm ARTICLE 262 AND INTER-STATE DISPUTES RELATING TO WATER] "Ministry of Law, Government of India"] [http://tnmaps.tn.nic.in/blks_info.php?dcode=05&blk_name='Pennagaram'&dcodenew=9&drdblknew=3] [ [http://kstdc.nic.in/ctours13.html Karnataka State Tourism development Corporation] ] [http://www.tnpolice.gov.in/station_details.php?code=2958730&desc=HOGENAKKAL] [http://india.gov.in/knowindia/st_tamilnadu.php] [http://64.233.183.104/search?q=cache:BYaG44LACWcJ:www.mrcindia.org/annual-rep/2005/IDVC%2520Highlights.pdf+hogenekkal+flood&hl=ru&ct=clnk&cd=10&gl=ru&client=firefox-a] [http://64.233.183.104/search?q=cache:blrX9fGYcYMJ:www.tnenvis.nic.in/DtProfiles/dharmapuri.pdf+hogenekkal+flood&hl=ru&ct=clnk&cd=11&gl=ru&client=firefox-a] [http://64.233.183.104/search?q=cache:lR_VOC7ASD4J:www.tn.gov.in/spc/annualplan/ap2004-05/ch11_4.pdf+hogenekkal+flood&hl=ru&ct=clnk&cd=14&gl=ru&client=firefox-a] [ [http://www.tamilnadutourism.org/places/citiestowns/Dharmapuri.aspx?CatId=C1&SubCat1Id=C1S1&SubCat2Id=C1S1S16 Dharmapuri district] "'Tamil Nadu Tourism development corporation] . It is about 90 kms from Bangalore and 46 kms from Dharmapuri. [ [http://www.deccan.net/india/cauvery//hogenakal.html Hogenakal Falls - Healthy Mist... ] ] It is sometimes referred to as the "Niagara of India". [ [http://news.in.msn.com/national/article.aspx?cp-documentid=1320539] ] With its fame for medicinal baths and hide boat rides, it is a major site of tourist attraction. Carbonatite rocks in this site are considered to be the oldest of its kind in South Asia and one of the oldest in the world. [ [http://cat.inist.fr/?aModele=afficheN&cpsidt=3910799] ] This is also the site of a proposed project to generate drinking water.

Etymology

When the water falls on the rocks it appears as if "hoge" ("smoke" in Kannada) is emanating from the top of the "kal" ("rock" in Kannada) because of the force of the water, hence "Hogenakkal" (smoking rocks).cite web
url=http://www.tamilnadutourism.org/places/citiestowns/Dharmapuri.aspx?CatId=C1&SubCat1Id=C1S1&SubCat2Id=C1S1S16
title=Dharmapuri district - places of interest
publisher=tamilnadutorism.org
accessdate=2006-11-11
] It is also called as "Marikottayam" by the people of Tamil Nadu. [http://www.mmhills.com/hogenakal.htm]

River

The Kaveri River is considered to form at Talakaveri in the Brahmagiri hills in Kodagu district in Karnataka and gathers momentum as the land drops in elevation. It becomes larger as various tributaries feed into it on the way down. At Hogenakkal, the Kaveri, now a large river, drops and creates numerous waterfalls as the water cuts through the rocky terrain. In places the water falls as much as 20 m and is said to sound like continual thunder. Soon after the falls the river takes a Southerly course and enters the Mettur reservoir. The river carries sediment which makes the "down-river" land fertile.

At Hogenakkal the river spreads out over a wide area of sandy beaches, then flows through a straight but narrow ravine near Salem where the Mettur Dam creates a 60 sq mi. lake called Stanley Reservoir. Built in 1934, this project improved irrigation and provided hydropower. [cite web
url=http://www.cauvery.com/cauvery_river.html
title=Cauvery River in Southern India
publisher=cauvery.com
accessdate=2006-11-11
]

Hogenakkal water project

Hogenakal Falls is the location for the "Hogenakkal Integrated Drinking Water Project" proposed by the Tamil Nadu Government. [ [http://www.hindu.com/2008/04/05/stories/2008040557820100.htm The Hindu - The 1998 story of Hogenakkal] ] The objective of this project is to provide safe drinking water to the urban and rural areas in Krishnagiri and Dharmapuri districts. [ [http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/Chennai/Hogenakkal_project_Water_of_hope/articleshow/2955960.cms Times of India - Hogenakkal project: Water of hope] ] In February 2008, The Japan Bank for International Cooperation has agreed to fund the Rs 1,340-crore project. [ [http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/2008/02/07/stories/2008020751992100.htm Business Line - Japan Bank agrees to fund Hogenakkal water project] ]

Bathing

Before reaching Hogenakkal, the river flows through a forest which contains herbs that are traditionally believed to enhance health and make bathing in these waters curative. Hogenakkal is set in thick, green woods and is considered both a sacred bathing place and a spa-like health resort. Here the water spreads for miles around. The area is surrounded by hills and offers lovely panoramic view .

Boating

Boating in Hogenakkal is allowed during the dry-season as the water falls are not strong to disrupt the passage of the boats. Local coracles operate from the banks of both Tamil Nadu and Karnataka banks of the gorge. [http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=uReIBYaxPw0C&oi=fnd&pg=PR12&dq=hogenakal+&ots=LLWOxYIbQ3&sig=2AkQ1x861qTjHH5BzGRd3hzMZoM#PPA245,M1 Boats of South Asia- by Sean McGrail el al.,] ] This is the main source of income for these boat operators. The coracles are about 2.24m in diameter, but still can take a load of eight persons at a time. [ [http://www.hindu.com/mp/2007/05/12/stories/2007051251900500.htm The Hindu - Row, row, row your boat] ] These coracles are made of bamboo, and with all materials available takes about a day to build. The bottom of the boats are made water proof by the use of hides, but sometimes with sheets of plastic. [ [http://cat.inist.fr/?aModele=afficheN&cpsidt=13550447 Hide boats at Hogenakal on the river Kaveri, Tamil Nadu- by C Palmer et al.] ] Use of plastics in the Hogenakkal vicinity, not just for boats, has been criticised due to problems with pollution. [ [http://www.hindu.com/2005/02/22/stories/2005022204900600.htm Garbage ruining Hogenakkal's beauty - The Hindu] ] These boats are steered and propelled using a single paddle, making them unique.. The coracles are locally called as "parisal" in Tamil and either "teppa" [ [http://www.ecoindia.com/waterfalls/hogenakkal.html Hogenakkal falls] ] or "harigolu" in Kannada.

Freshly caught fish are sold by the gorge and also various vendors selling water and snacks up and down the gorge rowing their parisals is not uncommon. The fish caught include "katla, robu, kendai, keluthi, valai, mirgal, aranjan" and "jilaby".After leaving the gorge, on the left shore one can find improvised stalls set up on the sand. There, one can let the fresh fishes be prepared in one of the many kitchens. Also, many people can be found swimming or bathing around there.

ee also

*List of waterfalls in India

References

External links

* [http://www.hindu.com/2005/09/22/stories/2005092213820300.htm Protest against `encroachment' of island near Hogenekal Falls]
* [http://www.satelliteviews.net/cgi-bin/w.cgi?c=in&UF=-2097547&UN=-2912310&DG=FLLS Satellite view]
* [http://www.onlinebangalore.com/tour/desti/hoge/hogenakkal.html Hogenakal ]


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