- Emergency operations center
An Emergency Operations Center, or EOC, is a central command and control facility responsible for carrying out the principles of
emergency preparednessand emergency management, or disaster managementfunctions at a strategic level in an emergency situation, and ensuring the continuity of operation of a company, political subdivision or other organization.
An EOC is responsible for the strategic overview, or "big picture", of the disaster, and does not normally directly control field assets, instead making operational decisions and leaving tactical decisions to lower commands. The common functions of all EOC's is to collect, gather and analyze data; make decisions that protect life and property, maintain continuity of the organization, within the scope of applicable laws; and disseminate those decisions to all concerned agencies and individuals. In most EOC's there is one individual in charge, and that is the Emergency Manager.
These centers, originally created as part of
United States Civil Defense, can be found in many nations, at all government levels, as well as in larger corporations that deal with large equipment or numbers of employees (such as a fire department, health care organization, etc.) In corporations and smaller jurisdictions, the EOC may be co-located in the same room as the Emergency Communications Center.
The first most critical component of an EOC is the individuals who staff it. They must be properly trained, and have the proper authority to carry out actions that are necessary to respond to the disaster. They also must be capable of thinking outside the box, and creating a lot of "what if" scenarios.
The second most critical component of an EOC is its communications system. This can be from simple word of mouth, to sophisticated encrypted communications networks, but it must provide for a redundant path to ensure that both situational awareness information and strategic orders can pass into and out of the facility without interruption. For continuity of operations considerations, backbone components of the communications system are not normally located at the EOC.
United States, the Federal Emergency Management Agency's, or FEMA's National Response Framework (NRF) for federal agencies provides a guideline for lower level political subdivisions in the organization and operations of an EOC. This plan includes the National Incident Management Systemand the Emergency Support Functions.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
emergency operations center — A facility established at selected airports to provide assistance to aircraft experiencing emergencies such as bomb threats or acts of unlawful interference. Also called an emergency coordination center … Aviation dictionary
Mount Weather Emergency Operations Center — Mount Weather Route 601, Loudoun / Clarke counties, near Bluemont, Virginia, USA … Wikipedia
Presidential Emergency Operations Center — After addressing the nation on the September 11 attacks, President George W. Bush m … Wikipedia
Presidential Emergency Operations Center — Centre opérationnel d urgence présidentiel Le Centre opérationnel d urgence présidentiel (Presidential Emergency Operations Center ou PEOC) est une structure se situant dans le bunker de la Maison Blanche, sous l aile Est. Il est équipé de moyens … Wikipédia en Français
Brevard Emergency Operations Center — The Brevard Emergency Operations Center (EOC) provides Homeland Security for Brevard County, Florida. [ [http://embrevard.com Emergency Management Office Brevard County ] ] The EOC coordinates information regarding the occurrence or threatof any… … Wikipedia
Maryland Joint Operations Center — MJOC Agency overview Formed 2004 Superseding agency MEMA Communications Watch Center Jurisdiction State of Maryland Headquarters Reisterstown, MD Emplo … Wikipedia
Emergency Alert System — The Emergency Alert System (EAS) is a national warning system in the U.S. put into place in 1994, superseding the Emergency Broadcast System (EBS) and the CONELRAD System and is jointly coordinated by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC),… … Wikipedia
Emergency medical services — A road ambulance of the South Western Ambulance Service in England … Wikipedia
Emergency Action Message — An Emergency Action Message (EAM) is a preformatted message that directs nuclear capable forces to execute specific Major Attack Options (MAOs) or Limited Attack Options (LAOs) in a nuclear war. Individual countries or specific regions may be… … Wikipedia
Emergency (NGO) — Emergency is a humanitarian NGO that provides emergency medical treatment to civilian victims of war, especially in relation to landmines. It was founded by war surgeon Gino Strada in 1994 in Milan (Italy).Gino Strada and the other founders of… … Wikipedia