Palmaris longus muscle

Palmaris longus muscle

Muscle infobox
Name = Palmaris longus muscle
Latin = musculus palmaris longus
GraySubject = 125
GrayPage = 446



Caption = Front of right upper extremity. (Palmaris longus labeled at bottom, second from left.)



Caption2 = Transverse section across distal ends of radius and ulna. (Palmaris longus labeled at center top.)
Origin = medial epicondyle of humerus (common flexor tendon)
Insertion = palmar aponeurosis
Action = wrist flexor
Antagonist = Extensor carpi radialis brevis, Extensor carpi radialis longus, Extensor carpi ulnaris
Blood = ulnar artery
Nerve = median nerve
MeshName =
MeshNumber =
DorlandsPre = m_22
DorlandsSuf = 12550072
The palmaris longus is seen as a small tendon between the flexor carpi radialis and the flexor carpi ulnaris, although it is not always present.

It is a slender, fusiform muscle, lying on the medial side of the flexor carpi radialis.

It arises from the medial epicondyle of the humerus by the common flexor tendon, from the intermuscular septa between it and the adjacent muscles, and from the antibrachial fascia.

It ends in a slender, flattened tendon, which passes over the upper part of the flexor retinaculum, and is inserted into the central part of the flexor retinaculum and lower part of the palmar aponeurosis, frequently sending a tendinous slip to the short muscles of the thumb.

It can be palpated by touching the pads of the fifth and first fingers and flexing the wrist. The tendon, if present, will be very visible.

Variation

The palmaris longus is a variable muscle, absent in about 16 percent of Caucasians, [cite journal | author = Thompson NW, Mockford BJ, Cran GW | title = Absence of the palmaris longus muscle: a population study. | journal = Ulster Medical Journal | volume = 70 | issue = 1 | pages = 22–4 | year = 2001 | month= May | pmid = 11428320] and less frequently absent in other populations. [cite journal | author = Sebastin SJ, Puhaindran ME, Lim AY, Lim IJ, Bee WH | title = The prevalence of absence of the palmaris longus--a study in a Chinese population and a review of the literature. | journal = Journal of Hand Surgery | volume = 30 | issue = 5 | pages = 525–7 | year = 2005| month= October | pmid = 16006020] It may be tendinous above and muscular below; or it may be muscular in the center with a tendon above and below; or it may present two muscular bundles with a central tendon; or finally it may consist solely of a tendinous band.

The muscle may be double.

Slips of origin from the coronoid process or from the radius have been seen.

Partial or complete insertion into the fascia of the forearm, into the tendon of the Flexor carpi ulnaris and pisiform bone, into the scaphoid, and into the muscles of the little finger have been observed.


=Additional

Due to its apparent unimportance, it is often used as a replacement for other tendons should injury arise.

References

External links

*
*
* [http://www.ptcentral.com/muscles/musclearms.html#palmaris%20longus PTCentral]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • palmaris longus muscle — musculus palmaris longus …   Medical dictionary

  • Palmaris brevis muscle — Muscle infobox Name = Palmaris brevis muscle Latin = musculus palmaris brevis GraySubject = 126 GrayPage = 463 Caption = The muscles of the left hand. Palmar surface. (Palmaris brevis visible at center left.) Origin = flexor retinaculum (medial) …   Wikipedia

  • palmaris longus — palmaris lon·gus lȯŋ gəs n a superficial muscle of the forearm lying on the medial side of the flexor carpi radialis that arises esp. from the medial epicondyle of the humerus, inserts esp. into the palmar aponeurosis, and acts to flex the hand …   Medical dictionary

  • musculus palmaris longus — [TA] long palmar muscle: origin, medial epicondyle of humerus; insertion, flexor retinaculum, palmar aponeurosis; innervation, median; action, flexes wrist joint, anchors skin and fascia of hand …   Medical dictionary

  • Muscle — is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. There are three types of muscle in the body. Muscle which is responsible for moving extremities and external areas of the body is called "skeletal muscle." Heart… …   Medical dictionary

  • Muscle Long Palmaire — Le muscle long palmaire est un muscle de la loge antérieure de l avant bras. Palmaris longus. Il prend son origine sur l humérus à la face antérieure de l épicondyle médial ainsi que sur le fascia antébrachial. Durant son trajet il chemine entre… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Muscle — For other uses of Muscle , see Muscle (disambiguation). A top down view of skeletal muscle Muscle (from Latin …   Wikipedia

  • longus — lon·gus lȯŋ gəs n, pl lon·gi gī a long structure (as a muscle) in the body see ABDUCTOR POLLICIS LONGUS, ADDUCTOR LONGUS, EXT …   Medical dictionary

  • Muscle long palmaire — Le muscle long palmaire est un muscle de la loge antérieure de l avant bras. Palmaris longus. Il prend son origine sur l humérus à la face antérieure de l épicondyle médial ainsi que sur le fascia antébrachial. Durant son trajet il chemine entre… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • aponeurosis palmaris — [TA] palmar aponeurosis: bundles of fibrous tissue radiating toward the bases of the fingers from the tendon of the palmaris longus muscle; called also Dupuytren or volar fascia …   Medical dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.