National Technical Information Service


National Technical Information Service
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The National Technical Information Service (NTIS) is an agency within the United States Department of Commerce that serves as the U.S. government repository for research and development results and for other information produced by and for the government as well as a variety of public and private sources worldwide.

The NTIS serves the United States as the largest central resource for government-funded scientific, technical, engineering, and business related information available today. For more than 60 years NTIS has assured businesses, universities, and the public timely access to approximately 3 million publications covering over 350 subject areas. The stated aim of the NTIS is to support the Department of Commerce mission to promote the nation's economic growth by providing access to information that stimulates innovation and discovery. (Public Law 102-245, Section 108 American Technology Preeminence Act of 1991).[1][2]

NTIS is also recognized as an approved Office of Personnel Management e-training service provider of secure learning management systems and knowledge management solutions for U.S. Federal agencies.

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Government.(Dept. of Commerce)

Contents

NTIS Scope

Containing over 2.0 million bibliographic records, the NTIS Database is a significant resource for accessing the latest research sponsored by the United States and select foreign governments. The Database represents billions of dollars in research. Contents include research reports, computer products, software, video cassettes, audio cassettes and more. The complete electronic file dates back to 1964. On average, NTIS has added over 60,000 new records per year to the Database over the past ten years. Most records include abstracts. It also contains a comprehensive collection of nuclear research, beginning with the Manhattan project, and the latest government sponsored research. NTIS covers a wide spectrum of subject areas.

NTIS Operations

NTIS is provides information dissemination of its collection of approximately 3 million U.S. Federal Government technical reports and provides dissemination services for other U.S. Federal Government agencies. NTIS provides a variety of dissemination services for other agencies with the specialized resources, systems, equipment, financial infrastructure and personnel expertise needed to produce and disseminate their information products on a large scale. Access subject specific information, retrieve information that is difficult to obtain from other sources, and identify valuable research reports, computer products, video cassettes, audio cassettes, and software.[1][2]

NTIS Statutory Authorities

NTIS' basic authority to operate a permanent clearinghouse of scientific and technical information is codified as chapter 23 of Title 15 of the United States Code (15 U.S.C. 1151-1157). This chapter also established NTIS' authority to charge fees for its products and services and to recover all costs through such fees "to the extent feasible."

This authority was restated in the National Technical Information Act of 1988, codified at 15 U.S.C. 3704b. That Act gave NTIS the authority to enter into joint ventures and declared the Clearinghouse to be a permanent Federal function that could not be eliminated or privatized without Congressional approval.

That Act was amended by the American Technology Preeminence Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-245) which:

  1. required all costs associated with bibliographic control to be recovered by fees,
  2. required agencies to make copies of their scientific and technical reports available to NTIS, and
  3. directed NTIS to focus on developing new electronic methods and media for disseminating information.

Another statute having a profound impact on NTIS is the Commerce, Justice, State Appropriations Act for FY 1993 (Public Law 102-395) which established NTIS Revolving Fund and gave it the authority to use that Fund without further approval by Congress.

In addition, section 1526 of Title 15 of the United States Code authorizes NTIS to accept payments in advance for services to be provided to other agencies.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Scope (2010). "NTIS Database" (National Technical Information Service). U.S. Department of Commerce. http://www.ntis.gov/products/ntisdb.aspx. Retrieved 2010-06-29. 
  2. ^ a b c Brief description (2010). "About NTIS" (National Technical Information Service). U.S. Department of Commerce. http://www.ntis.gov/about/index.aspx. Retrieved 2010-06-29. 

External links




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