List of shipwrecks


List of shipwrecks

Contents

This list of shipwrecks is a list of those sunken or grounded ships whose remains have been located.

Africa

East Africa

North Africa

Algeria

Egypt

See also the section for Red Sea

Morocco/Western Sahara

Tunisia

  • Mahdia: an ancient shipwreck discovered in 1907.[8]

Southern Africa

Namibia

  • Natal Coast: a Durban steamer ran aground in 1955 on the South-West African coast 11 miles (18 km) north of Swakopmund. She went aground on a sandbank in a dense fog about 8pm. Two tugs made attempts to tow her off but failed. It was on its way from Walvis Bay to Capetown when it overshot Walvis Bay in the fog. When it made a turn to find her way back she went on the sandbank. She was laying parallel with the beach and about 50 yards from shore still upright. The crew was fine and was finally able to get off the ship once the areas coast guard or security of type arrived they allowed everyone off. Daily News Correspondent

South Africa

Eastern Cape
Western Cape

West Africa

Asia

Arabia

Bahrain

  • Fifi - Tugboat sunk in the 1980s. Shallow depth dive site.[33]

Saudi Arabia

Yemen

  • Socotra in 1897.
  • SS Hutton: wrecked in the Gulf of Aden, 1882.

China

  • Dashun: ferry between Dalian and Yantai, caught fire and capsized off Yantai, Shandong, November 1999, killing at least 280.
  • Huaguangjiao One: The first Chinese merchant vessel China discovered in the open seas in the 1990s.
  • Nan'ao One: The first late Ming dynasty (1368–1644) ship ever found to date in the South China Seas.
  • Nanhai One: Chinese merchant vessel, which sank off the south coast during the Southern Song Dynasty between 1127 and 1279.
  • Petropavlovsk: Russian battleship sunk by a mine in 1904 in Yellow Sea.[36]
  • Red Star 312: on the Guangzhou and Zhaoqing ferry route, capsized by thunderstorm in Shanshui, Guangdong, at least 147 people confirmed dead, in March 1983.
  • Rong Jian: capsized in Yangtze River, Hejiang, Sichuan in June 2000, at least 131 people confirmed dead.
  • Sevastopol: Russian battleship scuttled in Yellow Sea to avoid capture in 1904.
  • Wanjiao One: Chinese ancient merchant ship dating back to the reign of Kangxi (1654–1722) of the Qing Dynasty (1644–1911).

Hong Kong

  • SS Bokhara: sank in a typhoon, killing 125 people on board.
  • Neftegaz-67: a Ukrainian anchor handling tug supply vessel (AHTS), sank after colliding with China-registered bulk carrier Yao Hai east off Brothers Island, Hong Kong, at about 9:13 p.m. on 22 March 2008.
  • RMS Queen Elizabeth: sank 9 January 1972 after fire in Victoria Harbour, Hong Kong.

Indonesia

  • KMP Tampomas II: an Indonesian passenger ship, sunk near Masalembo Island Java Sea on January 1981.

Japan

  • Admiral Ushakov: sunk at the Battle of Tsushima in May 1905.
  • Aoba Maru: regular route ferry between Matsuyama and Kitakyushu, capsized by Typhoon Della off Kunisaki Peninsula, Inland Sea, at least 133 people confirmed dead in June 1949.
  • Borodino: sunk at the Battle of Tsushima in May 1905.
  • SS Dakota: American passenger ship which struck a reef in Yokohama Bay, March 1907.
  • MV Derbyshire: British ore bulk carrier, sunk in typhoon on September 9, 1980.
  • Imperator Aleksander III: sunk at the Battle of Tsushima in May 1905.
  • SS Kiche Maru: Japanese passenger ship lost in a storm with over 1,000 passengers lost, September 1912.
  • Kitagawa Maru No.5: Japanese wooden passenger boat, capsized off Onomichi, Inland Sea, Japan, April 1957, killing at least 113.
  • Kawachi: capsized after explosion caused by spontaneous ignition at Tokuyama, Yamaguchi, western Honshū, 12 July 1918.
  • Knyaz Suvorov: sunk at the Battle of Tsushima in May 1905.
  • Nankai Maru: ferry between Wakayama, Wakayama and Tokushima, Tokushima, capsized off southern Awaji Island, Japan, January 1958, killing at least 167.
  • Oslyabya: sunk at the Battle of Tsushima in May 1905.
  • Sekirei Maru: Awaji Island and Akashi passenger boat, and capsized by stormy condition off Akashi, Hyogo, at least 304 people confirmed dead in December 1945.
  • Takamatsu, Kagawa, capsized and sunk in May 1955 during fog off Takamatsu, Shikoku, killing at least 168.
  • Sissoi Veliky: sunk at the Battle of Tsushima in May 1905.
  • Tarumizu Maru No.6: regular route ferry between Tarumizu and Kagoshima, capsized off Kagoshima Bay, at least 464 people confirmed dead in February 1944.
  • Tokiwa Maru: regular route ferry between Naruto and Kobe, capsized by collision with cargo ship Richmond Maru off Kobe, with at least 47 confirmed dead.

Lebanon

Malaysia

Philippines

Russia

Singapore

  • La Seyne: a French liner belonging to the Messageries Maritimes fleet, cut in half in collision, due to thick fog, with the Onda (British India Steam Navigation Company), sank on 14 November 1909 thirty miles off Singapore. 101 died, while many of the 61 who survived suffered grave wounds when attacked by sharks, prior to being saved by the crew of the Onda. Refusing to be saved, the Captain of the French liner went down with his ship.

South Korea

  • Chang Tyong-ho: a Yosu-Busan route ferry, capsized off Busan and at least 249 people confirmed dead, only seven survived on January, 1953.
  • Namyong ho: ferry between Busan and Jeju-do, capsized in Korea Strait in December 1970, killing 323 people, only 12 were rescued.
  • Seo Hae: capsized by stormy weather off coast of Puan, Kyeongpo, killing 285, in October 1993.
  • Sperwer: a Dutch trading ship with the VOC (Dutch East India Company), was blown off course and capsized by stormy weather on Jeju-do, killing 48 people, 16 survived on 15–16 August 1653.

Sri Lanka

Turkey

  • in 1915 during World War I.
  • HMS Ben-my-Chree: a British cruise ship remodelled as a carrier vessel for World War I, sunk by Turkish coastal artillery while anchored at harbour of the island of Kastelorizo (Meis adası) on 27 December 1916.
  • Kemer inside Avova Bay (Ağva Körfezi) December 13, 1917. Coordinates 36° 36' 8.06″ N ; 30° 35' 10.93″ E at 30 metres (98 ft) depth. Approximately 150 shots fired, of which 110 hit the target. Crew rescued by Turkish soldiers.[50]
  • The Cape Gelidonya Shipwreck: a Phoenician merchant vessel wrecked around 1200 BC.
  • Uluburun shipwreck: a merchant shipwreck dating to the late Bronze Age.

Europe

Canary Islands

  • SS American Star: ran aground on Fuerteventura under tow on January 1993, then split in half and the stern sank.

Corsica

Croatia

Cyprus

Denmark

  • Russian frigate Alexander Neuski: ran aground off the coast of Thyborøn, a fishing village in Jutland on 25 September 1868.
  • HMS Black Prince: sank at the Battle of Jutland in 1916. The site is a protected place.
  • HMS Defence: magazine explosion during the Battle of Jutland. The site is a protected place.
  • HMS Indefatigable: magazine explosion during the Battle of Jutland. The site is a protected place.
  • HMS Invincible: shell struck magazine during the Battle of Jutland. The site is a protected place.
  • HMS Queen Mary: magazine explosion during the Battle of Jutland. The site is a protected place.
  • HMS Warrior: foundered during tow after severe damage in the Battle of Jutland. The site is a protected place.
  • SMS Elbing: scuttled following collision in the Battle of Jutland.
  • SMS Frauenlob: torpedoed and shelled during the Battle of Jutland.
  • SMS Lützow: scuttled after severe damage in the Battle of Jutland.
  • SMS Pommern: magazine explosion during the Battle of Jutland.
  • U-20: ran aground on 4 November 1916 and was sunk by her crew on the following day.
  • Great Northern War during the Action of 4 October 1710, 1710.
  • Swedish tugboat Freja af Stockholm SGYO sank outside Fredrikshavn 20 February 1994. The vessel now rests on 23 meters depth in position N57 27 and E010 40.
  • Fu Shan Hai: a Chinese bulk carrier sank after a collision with the Cypriot container vessel Gdynia on 31 May 2003, without injury or loss of life.[51]

Estonia

  • Maasilinn Wreck: a wreck off Saaremaa island dating to the 16th century.
  • MS Estonia: a cruiseferry built in 1980. The ship sunk in the Baltic Sea about 100 km from Turku, Finland, on 28 September 1994, claiming 852 lives in one of the worst maritime disasters in modern history.

Faroe Islands

  • SS Sauternes: a steamship sank after a storm in the sound of Fugloyarfjørður on 7 December 1941.
  • Tjaldur: sank after hitting the nesse of Mjóvanes on 27 June 1946.
  • Lincoln City: a British trawler was sunk in Tórshavn Harbour in 1941.

Finland

France

Germany

Gibraltar

Greece

  • Dokos shipwreck: is the oldest known underwater shipwreck discovery known to archeologists and dates to c. 2200 BCE.
Dimitrios shipwreck near Githio.
  • Antikythera wreck: a wreck on Antikythera island that contained the Antikythera mechanism and dates from approximately 86 BC.
  • Heraklion after an accidental explosion of the powder-keg on 24 June 1669.
  • Patris: a wheel steamboat on Kea Island in 1868. Position: Lat 37Deg.34'44.18"N, Long 24Deg.15'46.42"E).
  • HMHS Britannic: a White Star Liner sunk by flooding after striking a mine near the isle of Kea in November 1916.
  • Elli: Greek cruiser sunk off Tinos harbor on 15 August 1940.
  • 'HMS Perseus: a submarine sunk by a mine near the island of Kefalonia in 1941.
  • Hydra: Greek destroyer sank near the islet Lagousa, in 1941.
  • Mimis: tugboat that sank near the island of Aigina when it hit a mine during World War II.
  • Saronikos Gulf in 1942 after hitting a Greek mine.
  • Vasilissa Olga ("Queen Olga"): Greek destroyer sunk by Luftwaffe bombers in the port of Leros island in 1943.
  • Panagiotis: a coastal trading ship run aground on the isle of Zakynthos in October 1980, while allegedly smuggling cigarettes from Turkey.
  • Dimitrios shipwreck a small freight ship that has been swept away by the sea from the port of Gythio and abandoned on a sandy beach on 23 December 1981 where it got stranded
  • MS Express Samina: a RO-RO passenger ferry capsized after hitting a rock off the holiday island of Paros on 26 September 2000.
  • MS Sea Diamond: a Greek cruise ship that struck a reef off the harbor of Santorini island and sank the following day on 6 April 2007.

Iceland

Ireland

  • Alondra: a British steamship run aground in fog on Kedge Rocks near Baltimore Island, on 29 December 1916.
  • HMS Audacious: a British battleship that sank after striking a German mine near Lough Swilly, 27 October 1914.
  • MV Bolivar: a Norwegian Motor Vessel that ran aground on the Kish Bank during a snow storm on 4 March 1947.[52]
  • RMS Carpathia: a Cunard Line transatlantic passenger steamship, torpedoed and sunk by a German U-boat on 17 July 1918 off the east coast. This ship is famous for coming to RMS Titanic's rescue in 1912.
  • Chirripo: a 4,126-tonne Elders & Fyffes cargo liner and banana boat running the Avonmouth to Jamaica route, either struck a mine or was torpedoed and went down near Blackhead lighthouse in Belfast Lough, on 28 December 1917 without loss of life.
  • Dido: sank in 1883. Location: 51°28'N; 09°19'W (Kedge Island, near Baltimore, County Cork.[53]
  • SS Empress of Britain II: an ocean liner bombed by aircraft and then torpedoed and sunk by U-32 on 28 October 1940.
  • Illyrian: a very broken-up steamer that sank in May 1884 after colliding with the cliffs in fog. Location: 51°26'N; 09°29'W (Eastern side of Cape Clear Island, County Cork).[54]
  • Housatonic: ran aground.
  • Innisfallen: torpedoed and sunk by U-boat U-64 26 km (16 mi) east of the Kish Light Vessel on 23 May 1918.
  • Kowloon Bridge: the largest wreck by tonnage in the world. It sank with its cargo of iron ore when sailing from Quebec to the River Clyde in November 1986. Location: 51°28'N; 09°14'W (Stag Rocks, near Baltimore, County Cork).[55]
  • RMS Laconia: a Cunard Line ocean liner sunk near Fastnet Rock by German submarine U-50 on 25 February 1917.
  • RMS Leinster: the Dublin to Holyhead mailboat, torpedoed and sunk 6 km (4 mi) east of the Kish light by U-boat UB-123 on 10 October 1918.
  • RMS Lusitania: a British ocean liner torpedoed and sunk by the U-boat U-20, on 7 May 1915.
    The bow of the Ranga, wrecked at Dunmore Head, near Dingle on the 11th March, 1982, is visible today
  • Plassey: a cargo ship, wrecked off the coast of Inisheer, the smallest of the Aran Islands in the 1960s, and has since been thrown above high tide mark at Carraig na Finise. Islanders rescued the entire crew from the stricken vessel – an event captured in a pictorial display at the National Maritime Museum in Dún Laoghaire, County Dublin. The wreck appears in the opening credits of the comedy series Father Ted, set on the fictional island of Craggy Island.
  • Ranga: a Spanish container ship on charter to the Icelandic shipping company, Hafskip was washed onto rocks at Dunmore head, near Slea Head on the Dingle Peninsula in March 1982 after losing engine power in a storm. The 15 crew members were rescued by the local rocket team and an RAF helicopter. Some of the wreck was removed in 1991 due to filming, and the bow and other wreckage is still visible today.
  • Brig Rochdale and HM packet ship Prince of Wales: The Sinking of the Rochdale and the Prince of Wales in 1807, south of Dublin. 400 lives were lost.
  • RMS Tayleur: a White Star Line clipper ran aground and sank off Lambay Island c. 8 km (5 mi) from Dublin Bay on 21 January 1854.
  • Trinidad Valencera: at 1,100 tonnes, one of the Spanish Armada's largest ships; wrecked 32 km (20 mi) west of Lacada Point in Kinnagoe Bay, County Donegal.
  • Tullaghmurray Lass: a fishing boat sank 11 km (7 mi) off Kilkeel in February 2002.
  • U-260: a German U-boat scuttled 6 km (4 mi) south of Glandore on 12 March 1945.
  • East Indiaman, that was deliberately mis-piloted by prisoners who had taken over another vessel, on 29 October 1758.[56]

Italy

  • Sinking of F174: an unidentified ship carrying illegal immigrants to Sicily, sunk in 1996 with the loss of at least 283 lives.
  • Giglio Island shipwreck: an Etruscan wreck dating to the early Iron Age, c. 600 BC.
  • MT Haven (formerly Amoco Milford Haven): sunk off Genoa in 1991 following an onboard explosion and fire. Largest wreck in Mediterranean Sea.
  • SS Transylvania: sunk during World War I by a German U-Boot, near Bergeggi Island, Savona.
  • Princess Yolanda: sank during its launch in 1907.[57]

Latvia

  • Moero: sunk by Soviet bombers in 1944, when it was carrying evacuees from Estonia. Nearly 2,700 out of 3,350 people aboard were killed.

The Netherlands

  • De Berlin: sunk near Hook of Holland during a storm in 1907.
  • Katowice: a Polish cargo ship sunk near Terschelling during a storm in 1949.
  • The Vliegenthart (Flying Hart): A Dutch East Indiaman, she was lost on February 3, 1735, after striking a sand bank off the coast of Flushing, Zeeland. Every one of the 461 sailors, soldiers and merchants aboard perished. The wreck was discovered in late 1981.

Norway


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