# Swedish units of measurement

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Swedish units of measurement

In Sweden, a common system for weights and measures was introduced by law in 1665. Before that, there were a number of local variants. The system was slightly revised in 1735. In 1855, a decimal reform was instituted that defined a new Swedish inch as 1/10 foot. It did not last long, because the metric system was subsequently introduced in 1889. Up to the middle of the 19th century there was a death penalty for falsifying weights or measures.Fact|date=December 2007

Length

* "aln" &ndash; Forearm (cf. Ell) (pl. "alnar"). After 1863, 59.37 cm. Before that, from 1605, 59.38 cm as defined by king Carl IX of Sweden in Norrköping 1604 based on the "Rydaholmsalnen".
* "famn" &ndash; Fathom, 3 "alnar".
* "kvarter" &ndash; Quarter, 1/4 "aln"
* "fot" &ndash; Foot, 1/2 "aln". Before 1863, the Stockholm "fot" was the commonly accepted unit, at 29.69 cm.
* "linje" &ndash; Line, after 1863 1/10 "tum", 2.96 mm. Before that, 1/12 "tum" or 2.06 mm.
* "mil" &ndash; Mile, also "lantmil". From 1699, defined as a unity mile of 18000 "aln" or 10.69 km. The unified mile was meant to define the suitable distance between inns. (The current Swedish mil is exactly 10 kilometers,)
* "nymil" &ndash; New mile from 1889, 10 km exactly. Commonly used to this day, only referred to as "mil".
* "kyndemil" &ndash; The distance a torch will last, approx 16 km
* "skogsmil" &ndash; Also "rast", distance between rests in the woods, approx 5 km.
* "fjärdingsväg" &ndash; 1/4 "mil"
* "stenkast" &ndash; Stone's throw, approx 50 m, used to this day as an approximate measure.
* "ref" &ndash; 160 "fot", for land measurement, was 100 "fot" after 1855.
* "stång" &ndash; 16 "fot", for land measurement
* "tum" &ndash; Thumb (inch), after 1863 1/10 "fot", 2.96 cm. Before that, 1/12 "fot" or 2.474 cm.
* "tvärhand" &ndash; Hand, 4 inches.

Area

* "kannaland" &ndash; 1000 "fot"², or 88.15 m²
* "kappland" &ndash; 154.3 m².
* "spannland" &ndash; 16 "kappland"
* "tunnland" &ndash; 2 "spannland"
* "kvadratmil" &ndash; Square "mil", 36 million square "favnar", from 1739.

Volume

* "pot" &ndash; Pot (pl "pottor"), 0.966 L
* "tunna" &ndash; 2 "spann"
* "ankare" &ndash; Liquid measure, 39.26 L
* "ohm" &ndash; Also "åm", 155 "pottor"
* "storfavn" &ndash; 3.77 m³
* "kubikkfavn" &ndash; 5.85 m³

Weight

* "skeppspund" &ndash; Ships pound, 20 "lispund" or 170.03 kg.
* "bismerpund" &ndash; 12 "skålpund", 5.101 kg.
* "lispund" &ndash; 20 "skålpund"
* "skålpund" &ndash; Pound, 0.42507 kg
* "mark" &ndash; 1/2 "skålpund" or 212.5 g. Used from the Viking era, when it was approx 203 g.
* "ort" &ndash; 4.2508 g

Nautical

* "kabellängd" &ndash; Initially 100 "famnar" or 178 m, Later, a "distansminut" or 1/10 nautical mile.
* "kvartmil" &ndash; Quarter mile, 1852 m, identical to nautical mile.
* "sjömil" &ndash; Sea mile, 4 "kvartmil", 7408 m

Monetary

* "daler" &ndash; From 1534, Swedish thaler. From 1873, replaced by the "krona".
* "riksdaler" &ndash; From 1624, 1 1/2 "daler", from 1681 2 "daler", from 1715 3 "daler", from 1776 6 "daler"
* "skilling" &ndash; From 1776, 1/48 "riksdaler"
* "mark" &ndash; From 1534, 1/3 "daler". From 1604, 1/4 "daler".
* "öre" &ndash; From 1534, 1/8 "mark". Subsequently replaced by the "skilling", but from 1855 reintroduced as 1/100 "riksdaler".

* Weights and measures
* Historical weights and measures
* SI

* [http://www.maritimt.net/trj/hjelpetabeller.htm Scandinavian units]
* [http://www.algonet.se/~hogman/slmatt.htm Swedish units]

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