- Swedish units of measurement
In

Sweden , a common**system for weights and measures**was introduced by law in 1665. Before that, there were a number of local variants. The system was slightly revised in 1735. In 1855, a decimal reform was instituted that defined a new Swedish inch as 1/10 foot. It did not last long, because the metric system was subsequently introduced in 1889. Up to the middle of the 19th century there was a death penalty for falsifying weights or measures.Fact|date=December 2007**Length*** "aln" – Forearm (cf.

Ell ) (pl. "alnar"). After 1863, 59.37 cm. Before that, from 1605, 59.38 cm as defined by kingCarl IX of Sweden inNorrköping 1604 based on the "Rydaholmsalnen".

* "famn" –Fathom , 3 "alnar".

* "kvarter" – Quarter, 1/4 "aln"

* "fot" – Foot, 1/2 "aln". Before 1863, theStockholm "fot" was the commonly accepted unit, at 29.69 cm.

* "linje" – Line, after 1863 1/10 "tum", 2.96 mm. Before that, 1/12 "tum" or 2.06 mm.

* "mil" – Mile, also "lantmil". From 1699, defined as a unity mile of 18000 "aln" or 10.69 km. The unified mile was meant to define the suitable distance between inns. (The currentSwedish mil is exactly 10kilometer s,)

* "nymil" – New mile from 1889, 10 km exactly. Commonly used to this day, only referred to as "mil".

* "kyndemil" – The distance a torch will last, approx 16 km

* "skogsmil" – Also "rast", distance between rests in the woods, approx 5 km.

* "fjärdingsväg" – 1/4 "mil"

* "stenkast" – Stone's throw, approx 50 m, used to this day as an approximate measure.

* "ref" – 160 "fot", for land measurement, was 100 "fot" after 1855.

* "stång" – 16 "fot", for land measurement

* "tum" – Thumb (inch), after 1863 1/10 "fot", 2.96 cm. Before that, 1/12 "fot" or 2.474 cm.

* "tvärhand" – Hand, 4 inches.**Area*** "kannaland" – 1000 "fot"², or 88.15 m²

* "kappland" – 154.3 m².

* "spannland" – 16 "kappland"

* "tunnland" – 2 "spannland"

* "kvadratmil" – Square "mil", 36 million square "favnar", from 1739.**Volume*** "pot" – Pot (pl "pottor"), 0.966 L

* "tunna" – 2 "spann"

* "ankare" – Liquid measure, 39.26 L

* "ohm" – Also "åm", 155 "pottor"

* "storfavn" – 3.77 m³

* "kubikkfavn" – 5.85 m³**Weight*** "skeppspund" – Ships pound, 20 "lispund" or 170.03 kg.

* "bismerpund" – 12 "skålpund", 5.101 kg.

* "lispund" – 20 "skålpund"

* "skålpund" – Pound, 0.42507 kg

* "mark" – 1/2 "skålpund" or 212.5 g. Used from the Viking era, when it was approx 203 g.

* "ort" – 4.2508 g**Nautical*** "kabellängd" – Initially 100 "famnar" or 178 m, Later, a "distansminut" or 1/10

nautical mile .

* "kvartmil" – Quarter mile, 1852 m, identical tonautical mile .

* "sjömil" – Sea mile, 4 "kvartmil", 7408 m**Monetary*** "daler" – From 1534, Swedish

thaler . From 1873, replaced by the "krona".

* "riksdaler" – From 1624, 1 1/2 "daler", from 1681 2 "daler", from 1715 3 "daler", from 1776 6 "daler"

* "skilling" – From 1776, 1/48 "riksdaler"

* "mark" – From 1534, 1/3 "daler". From 1604, 1/4 "daler".

* "öre" – From 1534, 1/8 "mark". Subsequently replaced by the "skilling", but from 1855 reintroduced as 1/100 "riksdaler".**See also***

Weights and measures

*Historical weights and measures

*SI **External links*** [

*http://www.maritimt.net/trj/hjelpetabeller.htm Scandinavian units*]

* [*http://www.algonet.se/~hogman/slmatt.htm Swedish units*]

*Wikimedia Foundation.
2010.*

### Look at other dictionaries:

**Units of measurement**— Weights and measures redirects here. For other uses, see Weights and measures (disambiguation). The former Weights and Measures office in Seven Sisters, London A unit of measurement is a definite magnitude of a physical quantity, defined and… … Wikipedia**Dutch units of measurement**— Relief on the gable of De Waag at the Markt in Gouda The Dutch units of measurement used today are those of the metric system. Before the 19th century, a wide variety of different weights and measures were used by the various Dutch towns and… … Wikipedia**Chinese units of measurement**— A Traditional Chinese scale Chinese units of measurement (Chinese: 市制; pinyin: Shìzhì; literally market system ) are the customary and traditional units of measure used in China. In the People s Republic of China, the units were re standardised… … Wikipedia**Hindu units of measurement**— Vedic and Puranic units of time span from the Paramáńu (about 17 microseconds) to the mahamanvantara (311.04 trillion years). Hindu theology considers the creation and destruction of the universe a cyclic process. Contents 1 Introduction 2 Time 2 … Wikipedia**Maltese units of measurement**— In modern usage, metric is used almost exclusively in commercial transactions. These units are mostly historical, although they are still used in some limited contexts and in Maltese idioms and set phrases. Many of these terms are directly… … Wikipedia**Finnish units of measurement**— In Finland, approximate units of measure were derived from natural actions or objects such body parts, later standardised for the purpose of commerce. Some Swedish and, later, Russian, units were also used.The measurements were first standardized … Wikipedia**Danish units of measurement**— The Danes started with a system of units based on a Greek pous ( foot ) of 308.4 millimetres (1.012 ft) which they picked up through trade in the late Bronze Age/early Iron Age. Some early standards of measure can be recovered from measured… … Wikipedia**Norwegian units of measurement**— As in the case of the Danes the Norwegians earliest standards of measure can be derived from their ship burials. The 60 foot long Kvalsund boat (18.29 m) was built ca. 700 AD and differs from the Danish boats less than it does from the… … Wikipedia**List of unusual units of measurement**— For units of measure primarily used in countries where English is not the main language, see the article specific to that country, a list of which can be found in the systems of measurement article. An unusual unit of measurement is a unit of… … Wikipedia**Obsolete Polish units of measurement**— The traditional Polish units of measurement included two uniform yet distinct systems of weights and measures, as well as a number of related systems borrowed from neighbouring states. The first attempt at standardisation came with the… … Wikipedia