Chandravarma Kamboja


Chandravarma Kamboja

Chandravarma Kamboja is the first Kamboja king mentioned by name in the Mahābhārata [1][2][3][4].

He appears to have been an ancient very powerful and renowned (vikhyaat) ruler of the Kambojas. He finds mention in the Adiparva section of the epic Mahābhārata, where he is stated to be an Asura or a demonic ruler [5][6][7] (Also See main entry Candra in Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary) [3].

Mahābhārata styles Chandravarma as an incarnation of Daitya Chandra, the foremost among the powerful sons of goddess Diti [8][9][10].

The Mahābhārata reference also implies that this Chandravarma was extremely handsome and illustrious king of the Kambojas [11][11][12].

In Brahmanical allegories, sons of Diti are called Maruts. They are all said to be great warriors. One Marut is stated to have even conquered the gods. Obviously, this Marut might have been the so-called Daitya Chandra, whom the epic styles as the foremost among the sons of Diti.

Since Chandravarma of Kambojas is described as an incarnation of this Daitya Chandra, it is also obvious that Kamboja Chandravarma may indeed have been an illustrious and mighty warrior.

The Kamboj/Kamboh community traditions claim one Chander Burman as a god, and the royal ancestor of the Kambojas. Kamboj traditions also claim that certain raja Sodakhsh was a descendant of god Chander Burman, and had sided with the Kauravas against the Pandavas, in the prolonged war of Kurukhetra. These facts were collected at the end of ninetieth century by one British ethnographer H. A. Rose.

Sodakhsh of the Kamboj traditions clearly refers to great Sudakshina of Mahbharata fame.[13]

The present Kamboj community claims to have descended from god Chander Burman.

God Chander Burman of the Kamboj traditions can easily be identified with Asura king Chandravarma, referenced in the Adiparava of Mahābhārata.

This traditional evidence thus points at the Iranian affinities of the Kambojas.

Notes

  1. ^ Political History of Ancient India, 1953, p 150, Hemchandra Raychaudhuri, University of Calcutta.
  2. ^ The People and Culture of Bengal, a Study in Origins: A Study in Origins‎, 2002, p 564, Annapurna Chattopadhyaya.
  3. ^ Lord Mahāvīra and his times, 1974, p 213, Kailash Chand Jain.
  4. ^ Ancient Indian History‎, 1988, p 149, Madhavan Arjunan Pillai.
  5. ^ Epic Mythology, 1969, p 62, Edward Washburn Hopkins.
  6. ^ See epic referential link: [1].
  7. ^ Cf: Candravarma, the King of Kambojas, was the Asura or demon Candra, son of Diti... (Ref: Epic Mythology, 1915, p 62, Edward Washburn Hopkins - Hindu Mythology.
  8. ^ Lexikon der Weltliteratur‎, 1963, p 100, pGero von Wilpert.
  9. ^ Epic Mythology, 1969, 62, Edward Washburn Hopkins.
  10. ^ The Mahabharata, Book 1 of 18‎, p 176, Published by Forgotten Books ISBN 1605066117, 9781605066110
  11. ^ a b The Penguin book of Hindu names‎, 1992, p 80, Maneka Gandhi.
  12. ^
    Sanskrit
    chandras.tu.ditija.zrestho.loke.taaraa.adhipa.upamah.|
    Candra.varmati vikhiyaatah Kambojanam.nra.dhipah. || 32 ||
    (MBH, 1/67/31-32 Vulgate, Gorakhpore)
    Translation:
    "The foremost among the sons of Diti known by the name of Candra and handsome as the lord of the stars himself became on earth noted as Chandravarma, the king of the Kambojas" [2].
  13. ^ Glossary of Tribes and Castes of Punjab and northwest frontier Province, Vol II, 1883, pp 444-445, H. A. Rose.

See also


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sudakshina Kamboja — ( sa. सुदक्षिण) is the third king of the Kambojas referred to in the Mahābhārata. And is also the most referenced of all the Kamboja kings in the whole Mahābhārata and most illustrious warrior of the Kambojas of Epic Age. Kamboj traditions and… …   Wikipedia

  • Epic Kamboja, Iranian Kambujiya — Epic Mahabharata refers to a king or warrior whom it calls Kamboja. The name appears in the long list of important monarchs and other celebrated personages of remote antiquity all connected with the tradition of Daivi Khadga or Divine Sword… …   Wikipedia

  • Prapaksha Kamboja — The fourth prince of the Kambojas referenced in the Mahābhārata is the younger brother of the illustrious prince Sudakshina Kamboja. In the epic, this prince is simply addressed as Kamboja, but according to Pandit Bhagavadatta Sharma, the real… …   Wikipedia

  • Kamatha Kamboja — Sabhaparva section of Mahābhārata refers to a king of the Kambojas called Kamatha Kamboja. He is the second prince of the Kambojas referenced in the great epic. After the colonization of Khandavaprastha by the Pandavas, a magnificent palace was… …   Wikipedia

  • Asii — Asii, also written Asioi, were one of the nomadic tribes mentioned in Roman and Greek accounts as responsible for the downfall of the state of Bactria circa 140 BCE. These tribes are usually identified as Scythian or Saka peoples. Contents 1… …   Wikipedia

  • Saśigupta — (Arrian Sisikottos; Curtius Sisocostus) was an historical personage of considerable eminence hailing from the Paropamisadean region i.e region lying between Hindukush and Indus. His name appears twice in Arrian’s Anabasis and once in Historiae… …   Wikipedia

  • King Srindra Varmana Kamboj — Skanda Purana refers to a king of the kingdom of Kamboja whom it calls Srindra Varmana [Skanda Purana, I.ii.33; I.iiu.2.17; Studies in Skanda Purana, 1978, p 59, A. B. L. Awasthi.] . Srindra Varmana is said to have installed the image of… …   Wikipedia

  • Kambojas in Indian literature — The Kamboja peoples are referenced in numerous Sanskrit and Pali literature including Sama Veda, Atharvaveda, Ramayana, Mahabharata, Puranas, Kautiliya s Arthashastra, Yasaka s Nirukata, Buddhist Jatakas, Jaina Canons, ancient grammar books and… …   Wikipedia

  • Rishikas — Rshikas were an ancient tribe living in the northern division of ancient India. They find references in the Mahabharata, Ramayana, Brhat Samhita, Markendeya Purana etc. Ashtadhyayi of Panini does not mention the Rishikas, but Mahabhasya of… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.