Outline of human anatomy


Outline of human anatomy

Human anatomy, a branch of anatomy, is the scientific study of the morphology of the adult human. It is subdivided into gross anatomy and microscopic anatomy. Gross anatomy (also called topographical anatomy, regional anatomy, or anthropotomy) is the study of anatomical structures that can be seen by unaided vision. Microscopic anatomy is the study of minute anatomical structures assisted with microscopes, and includes histology (the study of the organization of tissues), and cytology (the study of cells).

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to human anatomy:

The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp, by Rembrandt; depicts an anatomy demonstration using a cadaver.

Contents

Essence of human anatomy

Leonardo da Vinci's Vitruvian Man (1492)
Main article: Human anatomy

Branches of human anatomy

Anatomy of the human body

The following list of human anatomical structures is based on the Terminologia Anatomica, the international standard for anatomical nomenclature. While the order is standardized, the hierarchical relationships in the TA are somewhat vague, and thus are open to interpretation.


General anatomy


Bones

Front view of an adult human skeleton
Rear view of an adult human skeleton

Joints


Muscles

  • General terms
  • Muscles of head
    • Extra-ocular muscles (see sense organs)
    • Muscles of auditory ossicles (see sense organs)
    • Facial muscles
    • Muscles of tongue - see alimentary system
    • Muscles of soft palate and fauces - see alimentary system
  • Muscles of neck
    • Platysma
    • Longus colli
    • Longus capitis
    • Scalenus anterior
    • Scalenus medius
    • Scalenus posterior
    • Sternocleidomastoid
    • Suboccipital muscles
      • Rectus capitis anterior
      • Rectus capitis lateralis
      • Rectus capitis posterior major
      • Rectus capitis posterior minor
      • Obliquus capitis superior
      • Obliquus capitis inferior
    • Suprahyoid muscles
    • Infrahyoid muscles
      • Sternohyoid
      • Omohyoid
      • Sternothyroid
      • Thyrohyoid
    • Cervical fascia
  • Muscles of back
    • Trapezius
    • Latissimus dorsi
    • Rhomboid major
    • Rhomboid minor
    • Levator scapulae
    • Serratus posterior inferior
    • Serratus posterior superior
    • Anterior cervical intertransversarii
    • Lateral posterior cervical intertransversarii
    • Intertransversarii laterales lumborum
    • Muscles of back proper
  • Muscles of thorax
  • Muscles of abdomen
  • Muscles of upper limb
    • Compartments
    • Muscles
      • Deltoid
      • Supraspinatus
      • Infraspinatus
      • Teres minor
      • Teres major
      • Subscapularis
      • Biceps brachii
      • Coracobrachialis
      • Brachialis
      • Triceps brachii
      • Anconeus
      • Pronator teres
      • Flexor carpi radialis
      • Palmaris longus
      • Flexor digitorum superficialis
      • Flexor digitorum profundus
      • Flexor pollicis longus
      • Pronator quadratus
      • Brachioradialis
      • Extensor carpi radialis longus
      • Extensor carpi radialis brevis
      • Extensor digitorum
      • Extensor digiti minimi
      • Extensor carpi ulnaris
      • Supinator
      • Abductor pollicis longus
      • Extensor pollicis brevis
      • Extensor pollicis longus
      • Extensor indicis
      • Palmaris brevis
      • Abductor pollicis brevis
      • Flexor pollicis brevis
      • Opponens pollicis
      • Adductor pollicis
      • Abductor digiti minimi
      • Flexor digiti minimi brevis
      • Opponens digiti minimi
      • Lumbricals of hand
      • Dorsal interossei (of hand)
      • Palmar interossei (of hand)
      • Fascia
  • Muscles of lower limb
    • Compartments
    • Muscles
      • Iliopsoas
        • Iliacus
        • Psoas major
      • Gluteus maximus
      • Gluteus medius
      • Gluteus minimus
      • Tensor fasciae latae
      • Piriformis
      • Obturator internus
      • Gemellus superior
      • Gemellus inferior
      • Quadriceps femoris
      • Articularis genus
      • Pectineus
      • Adductor longus
      • Adductor brevis
      • Adductor magnus
      • Gracilis
      • Obturator externus
      • Biceps femoris
      • Semitendinosus
      • Semimembranosus
      • Tibialis anterior
      • Extensor digitorum longus
      • Fibularis tertius
      • Extensor hallucis longus
      • Fibularis longus
      • Fibularis brevis
      • Triceps surae
        • Gastrocnemius
        • Soleus
        • Calcaneal tendon
      • Plantaris
      • Popliteus
      • Tibialis posterior
      • Flexor digitorum longus
      • Flexor hallucis longus
      • Extensor hallucis brevis
      • Extensor digitorum brevis
      • Abductor hallucis
      • Flexor hallucis brevis
      • Adductor hallucis
      • Abductor digiti minimi
      • Flexor digiti minimi brevis
      • Flexor digitorum brevis
      • Quadratus plantae
      • Lumbricals
      • Dorsal interossei
      • Plantar interossei
      • Fascia
  • Tendon sheaths and bursae
    • General terms
    • Bursae of neck
    • Bursae of upper limb
    • Tendinous sheaths of upper limb
    • Bursae of lower limb
    • Tendinous sheaths of lower limb

Alimentary system


Respiratory system


Thoracic cavity

Urinary system


Genital systems


Abdominopelvic cavity


Endocrine glands


Cardiovascular system


Lymphoid system

  • Primary lymphoid organs
  • Secondary lymphoid organs
  • Regional lymph nodes
    • Lymph nodes of head and neck
    • Lymph nodes of upper limb
    • Thoracic lymph nodes
    • Abdominal lymph nodes
    • Pelvic lymph nodes
    • Lymph nodes of lower limb

Nervous system


Sense organs


The integument

History of human anatomy

Main article: History of anatomy

Organizations

Anatomists

See also

External links


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