- Oregon Badlands Wilderness
Oregon Badlands WildernessIUCN Category Ib (Wilderness Area)
Oregon Badlands with sagebrush in bloom, Juniper trees, and proximity to Oregon Cascades
Location Deschutes / Crook counties, Oregon, USA Nearest city Bend, Oregon Coordinates Coordinates: Area 29,301 acres (11,858 ha) Established United States Bureau of Land Management
Oregon Badlands Wilderness is a 29,301-acre (11,858 ha) wilderness area located east of Bend in Deschutes and Crook counties in the U.S. state of Oregon. It was created by the Omnibus Public Land Management Act of 2009, which was signed into law by President Barack Obama on March 30, 2009.
The wilderness is situated on high desert terrain and is associated with a volcanic rootless shield. This broad 10–12 km volcanic shield issued lava from a rootless vent. The lava flow dates to about 80,000 years old and comes from a main vent further up the slopes of Newberry Volcano. This main vent was located near Lava Top Butte and the lava that came out of this vent travelled through the Arnold Lava Tube System to arrive at the current location of the Badlands. An irregularly-shaped pit crater at the top of the shield marks the site where lava flowed in all directions to create the Badlands. Lava tubes acted as conduits for the lava in some instances and are evidenced on the surface by tumuli, also known as pressure ridges. Soils in the Badlands were largely formed from ash associated with the eruption of Mount Mazama some 2500 years ago.
The area is known for igneous castle-like rock formations, harsh terrain, ancient Juniper trees, sagebrush, and extensive arid land. Desert wildflowers, dry river canyons, and Native American pictographs can be found. The blind iditarod racer Rachel Scdoris trained in the area.
The Deschutes County commissioners disagreed over designating the area as wilderness since doing so would exclude vehicles.
Native vegetation in the Oregon Badlands Wilderness have adapted to the less than 12 inches (30 cm) of annual rainfall. Western juniper can live to be over 1,000 years old in the region. The oldest dated tree in Oregon - estimated to be over 1,600 years old - grows near the wilderness.
Other common plants found in the Badlands wilderness include big sagebrush, rabbitbrush, and various bunchgrasses, including Idaho fescue and bluebunch wheatgrass. In the spring, the area blooms with a variety of wildflowers, including Oregon sunshine, dwarf monkeyflower, sulfur buckwheat, indian paintbrush, and mariposa lily.
Oregon Badlands Wilderness is home to a variety of wildlife, including black-tailed jackrabbit, mule deer, elk, pronghorn antelope, cottontail rabbit, coyote, bats and six species of lizard. More than 100 species of bird live in the area, including golden eagle, sage grouse, and prairie falcon.
- ^ "Obama signs public lands reform bill". CNN. 30 March 2009. http://cnnwire.blogs.cnn.com/2009/03/30/obama-signs-public-lands-reform-bill/. Retrieved March 30, 2009.
- ^ a b c d Donnelly-Nolan, Julie M. (2004, abstract). "Magnetic Excursion Recorded in Basalt at Newberry Volcano, Central Oregon". http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2004AGUFMGP43B0861C. Retrieved 2009-07-19.
- ^ a b "Deschutes & Ochoco National Forests". http://www.fs.fed.us/r6/centraloregon/geology/sites/badlands.shtml. Retrieved 2009-08-18.
- ^ a b c d e Badlands Natural History - Oregon Natural Desert Association
- ^ "Oregon High Desert Grotto". Skeels. http://www.ohdgrotto.com. Retrieved 2009-08-06.
- ^ Badlands WSA brochure - Oregon BLM
- ^ a b "Wyden announces wilderness legislation for Badlands in Deschutes County". Press Release of Senator Wyden. U.S. Senate newsroom. 2008-05-27. http://wyden.senate.gov/newsroom/press/release/?id=5f733e32-e635-406e-8a61-f30ca2eb0f37. Retrieved 2008-07-10.
- ^ "Badlands Proposed Wilderness". Oregon Natural Desert Association. http://onda.org/defending-desert-wilderness/badlands-proposed-wilderness/badlands-proposed-wilderness. Retrieved 2008-07-10.
- ^ Tom DeWolf, Chair, Deschutes County Commission (2005-03-30). "Deschutes County Commissioner DeWolf supports Badlands Wilderness". http://www.traditionalmountaineering.org/News_Badlands_DeWolf.htm. Retrieved 2008-07-10.
Protected Areas of Oregon FederalNational Grasslands
Badger Creek • Black Canyon • Boulder Creek • Bridge Creek • Bull of the Woods • Clackamas • Copper Salmon • Cummins Creek • Diamond Peak • Drift Creek • Eagle Cap • Gearhart Mountain • Grassy Knob • Hells Canyon • Kalmiopsis • Lower White River • Mark O. Hatfield • Menagerie • Middle Santiam • Mill Creek • Monument Rock • Mount Hood • Mount Jefferson • Mount Thielsen • Mount Washington • Mountain Lakes • North Fork John Day • North Fork Umatilla • Opal Creek • Oregon Badlands • Oregon Islands • Red Buttes • Roaring River • Rock Creek • Rogue–Umpqua Divide • Salmon–Huckleberry • Sky Lakes • Soda Mountain • Spring Basin • Steens Mountain • Strawberry Mountain • Table Rock • Three Arch Rocks • Three Sisters • Waldo Lake • Wenaha–Tucannon • Wild Rogue
Cascade–Siskiyou National Monument • Steens Mountain Cooperative Management and Protection Area • Yaquina Head Outstanding Natural AreaOther
Arcadia Beach • Bob Straub • Bradley • Cape Kiwanda • Cape Lookout • Cape Meares • Clay Myers at Whalen Island • Del Rey Beach • Ecola • Elmer Feldenheimer • Fishing Rock • Fort Stevens • Gearhart Ocean • Haystack Hill • Hug Point • John Yeon • Manhattan Beach • Munson Creek Falls • Neahkahnie–Manzanita • Nehalem Bay • Oceanside Beach • Oswald West • Rockaway Beach • Sunset Beach • Sunset Highway Forest • Symons • Tolovana Beach • Tolovana Beach • Twin Rocks • Wilson River Highway Forest
Agate Beach • Alsea Bay • Beachside • Beaver Creek • Beverly Beach • Boiler Bay • Carl G. Washburne • Collins Creek • D River • Darlingtonia • Devils Lake • Devils Punch Bowl • Driftwood Beach • Ellmaker • Fogarty Creek • Gleneden Beach • Governor Patterson • H.B. Van Duzer • Heceta Head Lighthouse • Jessie M. Honeyman • Joaquin Miller Forest • L. Presley & Vera C. Gill • Lost Creek • Muriel O. Ponsler • Neptune • Neskowin Beach • Ona Beach • Otter Crest • Pritchard • Roads End • Rocky Creek • San Marine • Seal Rock • Smelt Sands • South Beach • Stonefield Beach • Tokatee Klootchman • W. B. Nelson • Whale Watching • Yachats • Yachats Ocean Road • Yaquina Bay
Albert H. Powers • Alfred A. Loeb • Arizona Beach • Bandon • Bolon Island Tideways • Bullards Beach • Cape Arago • Cape Blanco • Cape Sebastian • Conde B. McCullough • Coquille Myrtle Grove • Crissey Field • Elk Creek Tunnel Forest • Face Rock • Floras Lake • Geisel Monument • Golden and Silver Falls • Harris Beach • Hoffman • Humbug Mountain • Hutchinson • Maria C. Jackson • McVay Rock • Ophir • Otter Point • Paradise Point • Pistol River • Port Orford Cedar Forest • Port Orford Heads • Samuel H. Boardman • Seven Devils • Shore Acres • Sisters Rock • Sunset Bay • Sweet Myrtle • Umpqua • Umpqua Lighthouse • Umpqua Myrtle • William M. Tugman • Winchuck • Yoakam Point
Ainsworth • Benson • Bonneville • Bridal Veil Falls • Crown Point • Dabney • Dalton Point • George W. Joseph • Guy W. Talbot • Historic Columbia River Highway • John B. Yeon • Koberg Beach • Lang Forest • Lewis and Clark • Lindsey Creek • Mayer • McLoughlin • Memaloose • Multnomah Falls • Portland Women's Forum • Rocky Butte • Rooster Rock • Seneca Fouts • Shepperd's Dell • Sheridan • Starvation Creek • Viento • Vinzenz Lausmann • Wyeth • Wygant
Alderwood • Bald Peak • Blachly Mountain Forest • Bowers Rock • Cascadia • Champoeg • Detroit Lake • Dexter • Elijah Bristow • Erratic Rock • Fall Creek • Fort Yamhill • Holman • Jasper • Lowell • Luckiamute • Maples • Maud Williamson • Molalla River • North Santiam • Sarah Helmick • Silver Falls • State Capitol • Thompson's Mills • Washburne • Willamette Mission
Ben Hur Lampman • Canyon Creek Forest • Casey • Collier Memorial • Illinois River Forks • Jackson F. Kimball • Joseph H. Stewart • Klamath Falls – Lakeview Forest • OC&E Woods Line • Prospect • Rough and Ready Forest • Stage Coach Forest • TouVelle • Tub Springs • Valley of the Rogue • Wolf Creek Inn
Bates • Battle Mountain Forest • Blue Mountain Forest • Booth • Catherine Creek • Chandler • Clyde Holliday • Crooked Creek • Deadman's Pass • Emigrant Springs • Farewell Bend • Fort Rock • Fort Rock Cave • Frenchglen Hotel • Goose Lake • Hat Rock • Hilgard Junction • Kam Wah Chung • Lake Owyhee • Minam • Ontario • Pete French Round Barn • Red Bridge • Succor Creek • Sumpter Valley Dredge • Ukiah–Dale Forest • Unity Forest • Unity Lake • Wallowa Lake • Wallowa Lake Highway Forest • Wallowa River
RegionsPortland metro CitiesPortland
Forest Park • Washington Park
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