Northeastern United States (U.S. Census Bureau)

Northeastern United States (U.S. Census Bureau)
A map of the Northeastern United States as defined by the United States Census Bureau, though other entities define the region in varying ways.

The Northeastern United States is a region of the United States as defined by the United States Census Bureau.[1]


The region comprises nine states: the New England states of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont; and the Mid-Atlantic states of New Jersey, New York and Pennsylvania.[2] The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis."[3][4][5] Not all definitions of the Northeastern United States, however, are the same as the Census Bureau's.[6][7]


New York, the most populated city of the United States
Philadelphia, the second most populated city in the Northeast and the fifth most populated city in the United States
Boston, the most populated city in New England and the third most populated in the Northeast

The region accounts for approximately 25% of U.S. gross domestic product as of 2007.[8] As of the 2010 Census, the population of the region totaled 55,317,240. [9]

Rank Metropolitan Area State(s) and/or Territory 2010 Census Population
1 New York CT, NJ, NY 18,897,109
2 Philadelphia DE, NJ, PA 5,965,343
3 Boston MA, NH 4,552,402
4 Pittsburgh PA 2,356,285
5 Providence MA, RI 1,600,852
6 Hartford CT 1,212,381
7 Buffalo NY 1,135,509
8 Rochester NY 1,054,323


Rank City State(s) and/or Territory 2010 Census Population
1 New York City NY 8,175,133
2 Philadelphia PA 1,526,006
3 Boston MA 617,594
4 Pittsburgh PA 305,704
5 Newark NJ 277,140
6 Buffalo NY 261,310
7 Jersey City NJ 247,597
8 Rochester NY 210,565
9 Yonkers NY 195,976



  1. ^ "Census Regions and Divisions of the United States". US Census Bureau. 
  2. ^ US Regional Divisions, accessed 16 Apr 2008
  3. ^ U.S. Energy Information Administration, "The National Energy Modeling System: An Overview 2003", Report #:DOE/EIA-0581(2009) (October 2009).
  4. ^ "The most widely used regional definitions follow those of the U.S. Bureau of the Census." Seymour Sudman & Norman M. Bradburn, Asking Questions: A Practical Guide to Questionnaire Design, Jossey-Bass (1982): p. 205.
  5. ^ "Perhaps the most widely used regional classification system is one developed by the U.S. Census Bureau." Dale M. Lewison, Retailing, Prentice Hall (1997): p. 384. ISBN 9780134614274
  6. ^ "Northeast", MSN Encarta dictionary.
  7. ^ American Heritage Dictionary on, 
  8. ^ Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by State[dead link]
  9. ^
  10. ^ "Population and Housing Occupancy Status: 2010 - United States -- Metropolitan Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico more information 2010 Census National Summary File of Redistricting Data". 2010 United States Census. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. April 14, 2011. Retrieved July 25, 2011. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 25, 2011. 

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