Non-Hispanic Whites


Non-Hispanic Whites
Non-Hispanic Whites
White, not Hispanic or Latino
Total population
196,817,552 (2010)
63.7% of the United States population
Regions with significant populations
Throughout the United States
Languages

Predominantly American English

Non-Hispanic Whites or White, Not Hispanic or Latino are people in the United States, as defined by the Census Bureau, who are of the White race and are not of Hispanic or Latino origin/ethnicity.[1][2] Hence the designation is exclusive in the sense that it defines who is not included as opposed to who is. Non-Hispanic Whites are a subset of White Americans, the other being White Hispanic and Latino Americans.

The vast majority of Non-Hispanic Whites trace their origins to Europe. A small number have origin in North Africa or the Middle East. In the U.S., this population was first derived from British and French colonization, as well as settlement by other Europeans, such as the Germans and Dutch that began in the 17th century (see History of the United States). Continued growth since the early 1800's is attributed to massive immigration from European countries, mainly Germany, Ireland, Italy, Sweden, Poland, Russia, among other nations. At an estimated 199.3 million in 2009, Non-Hispanic Whites compose a solid majority of the United States population.[3]

In the Southwestern United States, the term Anglo is used as a synonym for "Non-Hispanic White".

Contents

Population by state or territory

White Non-Hispanic Population by state or territory (2000–2010)[4]
State/Territory Pop 2000 % pop 2000 Pop 2010 % pop 2010 % growth
2000-2010
Alabama Alabama 3,125,819 70.3% 3,204,402 67.0% +2.5%
Alaska Alaska 423,788 67.6% 455,320 64.1% +7.4%
Arizona Arizona 3,274,258 63.8% 3,695,647 57.8% +12.9%
Arkansas Arkansas 2,100,135 78.6% 2,173,469 74.5% +3.5%
California California 15,816,790 46.7% 14,956,253 40.1% -5.4%
Colorado Colorado 3,202,880 74.5% 3,520,793 70.0% +9.9%
Connecticut Connecticut 2,638,845 77.5% 2,546,262 71.2% -3.5%
Delaware Delaware 567,973 72.5% 586,752 65.3% +3.3%
Washington, D.C. District of Columbia 159,178 27.8% 209,464 34.8% +31.6%
Florida Florida 10,458,509 65.4% 10,884,722 57.9% +4.1%
Georgia (U.S. state) Georgia 5,128,661 62.6% 5,413,920 55.9% +5.6%
Hawaii Hawaii 277,091 22.9% 309,343 22.7% +11.6%
Idaho Idaho 1,139,291 88.0% 1,316,243 84.0% +15.5%
Illinois Illinois 8,424,140 67.8% 8,167,753 63.7% -3.0%
Indiana Indiana 5,219,373 85.8% 5,286,453 81.5% +1.3%
Iowa Iowa 2,710,344 92.6% 2,701,123 88.7% -0.3%
Kansas Kansas 2,233,997 83.1% 2,230,539 78.2% -0.2%
Kentucky Kentucky 3,608,013 89.3% 3,745,655 86.3% +3.8%
Louisiana Louisiana 2,794,391 62.5% 2,734,884 60.3% -2.1%
Maine Maine 1,230,297 96.5% 1,254,297 94.4% +2.0%
Maryland Maryland 3,286,547 62.1% 3,157,958 54.7% -3.9%
Massachusetts Massachusetts 5,198,359 81.9% 4,984,800 76.1% -4.1%
Michigan Michigan 7,806,691 78.6% 7,569,939 76.6% -3.0%
Minnesota Minnesota 4,337,143 88.2% 4,405,142 83.1% +1.6%
Mississippi Mississippi 1,727,908 60.7% 1,722,287 58.0% -0.3%
Missouri Missouri 4,686,474 83.8% 4,850,748 81.0% +3.5%
Montana Montana 807,823 89.5% 868,628 87.8% +7.5%
Nebraska Nebraska 1,494,494 87.3% 1,499,753 82.1% +0.4%
Nevada Nevada 1,303,001 65.2% 1,462,081 54.1% +12.2%
New Hampshire New Hampshire 1,175,252 95.1% 1,215,050 92.3% +3.4%
New Jersey New Jersey 5,557,209 66.0% 5,214,878 59.3% -6.2%
New Mexico New Mexico 813,495 44.7% 833,810 40.5% +2.5%
New York New York 11,760,981 62.0% 11,304,247 58.3% -3.9%
North Carolina North Carolina 5,647,155 70.2% 6,223,995 65.3% +10.2%
North Dakota North Dakota 589,149 91.7% 598,007 88.9% +1.5%
Ohio Ohio 9,538,111 84.0% 9,359,263 81.1% -1.9%
Oklahoma Oklahoma 2,556,368 74.1% 2,575,381 68.7% +0.7%
Oregon Oregon 2,857,616 83.5% 3,005,848 78.5% +5.2%
Pennsylvania Pennsylvania 10,322,455 84.1% 10,094,652 79.5% -2.2%
Rhode Island Rhode Island 858,433 81.9% 803,685 76.4% -6.4%
South Carolina South Carolina 2,652,291 66.1% 2,962,740 64.1% +11.7%
South Dakota South Dakota 664,585 88.0% 689,502 84.7% +3.7%
Tennessee Tennessee 4,505,930 79.2% 4,800,782 75.6% +6.5%
Texas Texas 10,933,313 52.4% 11,397,345 45.3% +4.2%
Utah Utah 1,904,265 85.3% 2,221,719 80.4% +16.7%
Vermont Vermont 585,431 96.2% 590,223 94.3% +0.8%
Virginia Virginia 4,965,637 70.2% 5,186,450 64.8% +4.4%
Washington (state) Washington 4,652,490 78.9% 4,876,804 72.5% +4.8%
West Virginia West Virginia 1,709,966 94.6% 1,726,256 93.2% +1.0%
Wisconsin Wisconsin 4,681,630 87.3% 4,738,411 83.3% +1.2%
Wyoming Wyoming 438,799 88.9% 483,874 85.9% +10.3%
American Samoa American Samoa 682 1.2% 611 1.1% -10.4%
Guam Guam 10,666 6.9% 11,001 6.9% +3.1%
Northern Mariana Islands Northern Mariana Islands 1,274 1.8% 916 1.7% -28.1%
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico 33,966 0.9% 26,946 0.7% -20.7%
United States Virgin Islands U.S. Virgin Islands 12,275 11.3% 7,555 7.1% -38.5%
United States United States of America 194,552,774 69.1% 196,817,552 63.7% +1.2%

Trends

The non-Hispanic White population in the United States has been declining as a percentage of the total US population due to a number of factors:

1. Lower Birth Rates. Non-Hispanic Whites are having fewer children relative to other groups (although there has been a recent uptick in the White birth rate). In 2007 the average White had 1.8 children (which is below the replacement rate).[5]

2. Immigration. The USA takes more immigrants than the rest of the world combined with the vast majority coming from countries where the population is of non-White and/or Hispanic origin. Immigration to the USA from European countries has been in a steady decline since WWII averaging 56% of all immigrants in the 50s and declining to 35% of all immigrants in the 60s, 20% in the 70s, 11% in the 80s, 14% in the 90s, and 13% in the 00s. In 2009, approximately 90% of all immigrants came from non-European countries.[6]

3. Intermarriage. The USA is seeing an unprecedented increase in intermarriage between the various racial and ethnic (Hispanic) groups. In 2008, a record 14.6% of all new marriages in the United States were between spouses of a different race or ethnicity from one another. 9% of Non-Hispanic Whites who married in 2008 married either a non-White or Hispanic. Among all newlyweds in 2008, intermarried pairings were primarily White-Hispanic (41%) as compared to White-Asian (15%), White-Black (11%), and Other Combinations (33%). Other combinations consists of pairings between different minority groups, multi-racial people, and American Indians.[7] The children of such unions would not generally be classified as White Non-Hispanic (although note that one self-identifies their racial and/or ethnic category).

However it should be noted that though Non Hispanic Whites are declining as a percentage, in actual numbers they are still growing. From 2000 - 2010 the Non Hispanic White population grew from 194,552,774 to 196,817,552 - A growth of 1.2% over the 10 year period.

References

  1. ^ U.S. Census Bureau definition of race
  2. ^ Note that the majority of Hispanic and Latino Americans are white ([1]) like the overall population of the United States. Hispanics and Latinos can be of any race: white, black, Asian, etc., as race and ethnicity are independent of each other: "Guidance on the Presentation and Comparison of Race and Hispanic Origin Data". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/compraceho.html. Retrieved 2010-01-12. "Race and Hispanic origin are two separate concepts in the federal statistical system. People who are Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. People in each race group may be either Hispanic or non-Hispanic. Each person has two attributes, their race (or races) and whether or not they are Hispanic." 
  3. ^ "United States - Selected Population Profile in the United States (White alone, not Hispanic or Latino)". 2009 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. http://www.factfinder.census.gov/servlet/IPTable?_bm=y&-geo_id=01000US&-qr_name=ACS_2009_1YR_G00_S0201&-qr_name=ACS_2009_1YR_G00_S0201PR&-qr_name=ACS_2009_1YR_G00_S0201T&-qr_name=ACS_2009_1YR_G00_S0201TPR&-reg=ACS_2009_1YR_G00_S0201:451;ACS_2009_1YR_G00_S0201PR:451;ACS_2009_1YR_G00_S0201T:451;ACS_2009_1YR_G00_S0201TPR:451&-ds_name=ACS_2009_1YR_G00_&-_lang=en&-format=. Retrieved 2010-10-27. 
  4. ^ US Census Bureau: "Redistricting Data, First Look at Local 2010 Census Results"
  5. ^ US Census: Total Fertility Rate by Race and Hispanic Origin 1980 to 2007
  6. ^ US Office of Immigration Statistics: 2009 Yearbook of Immigration Statistics
  7. ^ Pew Social Trends: "Marrying Out" June 15, 2010

See also


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