- Keith Murray (ceramic artist)
Keith Day Pearce Murray (
5 July, 1892- 1981) was a New Zealandborn architect and designer who worked as a ceramics, glass and metalware designer for Wedgwoodin the Potteriesarea of Staffordshirein the 1930s and 1940s. He is considered one of the most influential designers of the Art decostyle. [http://www.artdeco.org.nz/page42.htm]
Murray was born in the
Aucklandsuburb of Mt Eden. His father, John Murray was from Scotland and his mother Lillian was from Nelson, New Zealand. The family emigrated to England when he was 14. He graduated from the Architectural Association School of Architecture in London in 1921. However a lack of work forced him to make a living as an illustrator for magazines. In 1928 he held his own show at Le Levre Gallery in London but this was not to prove his passion.
His visits to exhibitions such as the
1925 Expositionin Paris, and the 1931 Exhibition of Swedish Industrial Art in London inspired Murray to seek out opportunities to design vases and tablewares for factory production, and as the depression of the early 1930s further reduced the demand for architecture he became a full-time designer. [ [http://www.collecting20thcentury.com/articles/murray.htm Keith Murray ] ]
Murray first approached
Arthur Marriott Powellabout the possibility of working in Whitefriars Glassin London. Though his ideas proved unsuitable for their style of glass, he worked as a freelance designer at Stevens & Williams of Brierley Hill in the West Midlands in 1932. The trial pieces were shown in London that year and the 'Keith Murray range' was produced. Between 1932 and 1939 he produced over 1200 designs though many were only issued in quantities of six or twelve. In 1932 he also began working 2-3 months a year for the Wedgwood pottery. His designs in metal were created for Mappin and Webb.
Most of his work was with vases, bowls and similar cylindrical ware, executed in a clean and restrained style with decoration often limited to deeply incised lines or smooth steps in the shape. The whole piece is usually one colour without applied decoration. From the beginning Murray's stature as a designer was recognised as every piece bore his signatiure above the prestigious Wedgewood mark. [ [http://www.odeon-artdeco.com/artists_murray.htm www.odeon-artdeco.com] ]
In 1936 Keith Murray was appointed architect in charge of designing the new Wedgwood factory at
Barlaston, Staffordshire. Following the war he returned to architecture and left the field of industrial design.
Keith Murray's work sold well at the time, and has become increasingly sought after as time has passed.
List of Works
* [http://collections.tepapa.govt.nz/search.aspx?advanced=colProProductionMakers%3a%22Murray%2c+Keith%22 Works by Keith Murray from the collection of Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa]
* Helen Cunningham, "Clarice Cliff and Her Contemporaries: Susie Cooper, Keith Murray, Charlotte Rhead, and the Carlton Ware Designers", Schiffer (1999), ISBN 0764307061
NAME = Murray, Keith Day Pearce
ALTERNATIVE NAMES =
SHORT DESCRIPTION = designer, architect
DATE OF BIRTH =
5 July, 1892
PLACE OF BIRTH =
Auckland, New Zealand
DATE OF DEATH = 1981
PLACE OF DEATH =
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
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