Palma de Mallorca Airport

Palma de Mallorca Airport
Palma de Mallorca Airport
Aeroport de Palma de Mallorca
Aeropuerto de Palma de Mallorca
Aeropuerto PMI.jpg
IATA: PMIICAO: LEPA
Summary
Airport type Public and military
Operator Aena
Location Palma de Mallorca, Spain
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 7 m / 24 ft
Coordinates 39°33′06″N 002°44′20″E / 39.55167°N 2.73889°E / 39.55167; 2.73889 (Palma de Mallorca Airport)Coordinates: 39°33′06″N 002°44′20″E / 39.55167°N 2.73889°E / 39.55167; 2.73889 (Palma de Mallorca Airport)
Map
PMI is located in Majorca
PMI
Location in Majorca
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
06L/24R 3,270 10,728 Asphalt
06R/24L 3,000 9,842 Asphalt
Statistics (2010)
Passengers 21,117,270
Passenger change 09-10 decrease0.4%
Aircraft Movements 174,631
Movements change 09-10 decrease1.6%
Sources: Passenger Traffic, AENA[1]
Spanish AIP, AENA[2]

Palma de Mallorca Airport (IATA: PMIICAO: LEPA) (Catalan: Aeroport de Palma de Mallorca, Spanish: Aeropuerto de Palma de Mallorca) is an airport located 8 km (5.0 mi) east[2] of Palma, Majorca, adjacent to the village of Can Pastilla. Also known as Son Sant Joan Airport or Aeroport de Son Sant Joan, it is the third largest airport in Spain,[1] after Madrid's Barajas Airport and Barcelona Airport. During the summer months it is one of the busiest airports in Europe,[citation needed] and was used by 21.1 million passengers in 2010.[1] The airport is the main base for the Spanish carrier Air Europa and also a focus airport for German carrier Air Berlin.

Palma de Mallorca Airport occupies an area of 6.3 km2 (2.4 sq mi). Due to rapid growth of passenger numbers, additional infrastructure was added to the two terminals A (1965) and B (1972). This main terminal was designed by local architect Pere Nicolau Bonet and was officially opened on 12 April 1997. The airport now consists of four modules: Module A, Module B, Module C and Module D. The airport can handle 25 million passengers per year, with a capacity to dispatch 12,000 passengers per hour. Future plans include an increase of the passenger capacity to 32 million passengers in 2010 and to 38 million passengers in 2015.

Contents

History

Palma de Mallorca Airport, August 2008

The history of Palma de Mallorca airport began in the 1920s, when seaplanes were used for postal services to the other Balearic Islands. A flat field next to Son Sant Joan was then used in the 1930s for flight routes to other parts of Spain. A private aerodome was also set up.[3]

In 1938, Palma de Mallorca airport started being used for military aviation, while Iberia and Deutsche Lufthansa established new routes to the military base.[4]

In 1954, Palma de Mallorca's runway was extended and asphalted, and also had brand new taxiways and aprons added near it. This made the airport able to serve more airlines and more types of aircraft.

The increase in traffic in 1958 led to a new terminal being constructed, and turned the airbase into a large civilian airport. A new large apron was also built. The new airport opened to domestic and international traffic on 7 July 1960. Just two weeks later, expansion to the aerodome was planned, including the extension of the runway and taxiway. At the end of the year, more plans were made, including a power plant, a communications centre and fire and rescue facilities.[5]

After reaching 1 million passengers for the first time in 1962, in 1965, a new terminal was constructed, and air navigation services were completed at the end of the following year. Also in 1965, a smaller terminal which today is terminal B was planned to be built, due to passenger numbers increasing rapidly, reaching 2 million in 1965. A second runway was also to be built. It was to be built parallel to the existing one, and work began on it in 1970. Two years later, terminal B went into service, and the second runway opened in 1974.

In 1980, the airport carried 7 million passengers. However, this increased to nearly 10 million in 1986. This yet again led to a new terminal to be constructed, which is today's current terminal, which is terminal A. Construction started in mid 1993 and was designed by the Majorcan architect Pere Nicolau Bonet. during the construction in 1995, passenger numbers exceeded 15 million. The new terminal finally opened in 1997.[6]

Today, Palma de Mallorca airport carries over 20 million passengers to their destinations, particularly to mainland Spain, Germany and the United Kingdom.

Modules

There are four modules at the airport. Module A, Module B, Module C and Module D.

Module A

Located in the north of the airport. It has 28 gates of which 8 have airbridges. This is the only Module that has double airbridges attached to gates. The Pier is mainly used by flights to non-Schengen destinations including the UK and Ireland.

Module B

The smallest Module located in the north east. It has 8 gates of which none have airbridges. Air Nostrum is the only airline to use this Module.

Module C

The largest of the Modules located in the east. It has 33 gates of which 9 have airbridges. It is used by Air Berlin, Niki and Condor along with EasyJet flights to Schengen destinations. The majority of airbridges have airberlin.com written on them.

The southern area of the Module was worked on and reopened in May 2011. The refurbishment and expansion is so that the Module can handle lots more flights, and to improve ways to get into the pier as it is the longest walk from security control. There will also be a further 8 gates with airbridges, but there will still be 33 in total. [7]

Module D

Located in the south. It has 19 gates of which 10 have airbridges. All odd numbered gates are gates with a bus transfer. The majority of airbridges have airberlin.com written on them. Because of the closure of the southern area of Module C, this, it is used mainly for flights to Europe.

Airlines and destinations

A Niki Airbus A321-200 taxiing past Module C.
A Vueling Airbus A320-200 taxiing to gate in Module D.
An Air Europa Boeing 737-800 being pushed back from gate in Module C.
An Iberia Airbus A321-200 being pushed back from gate in Module C.
An Air Berlin Airbus A320-200 in the old livery on the runway.

Note: The list of airlines that use modules is based on the module that they usually use.

Airlines Destinations Module
Adria Airways Seasonal Charter: Ljubljana D
Aer Lingus Seasonal: Cork, Dublin A
Air Algérie Algiers A
Air Berlin Alicante, Almeria, Amsterdam, Asturias, Basel/Mulhouse, Barcelona, Berlin-Tegel, Bilbao, Bremen, Cologne/Bonn, Dortmund, Düsseldorf, Faro, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Hanover, Ibiza, Jerez de la Frontera, Leipzig/Halle, Madrid, Málaga, Minorca, Munich, Münster/Osnabrück, Nuremberg, Paderborn/Lippstadt, Porto, Saarbrücken, Santiago de Compostela, Seville, Stuttgart, Valencia, Zürich, Zweibrücken
Charter: Luxembourg
Seasonal: Copenhagen, Dresden, Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, Memmingen, Weeze
C
Air Europa Seasonal: Aberdeen, Belfast-International, Dublin [begins 29 May], Leeds/Bradford [begins 3 May] A
Air Europa Albacete, Alicante, Badajoz, Barcelona, Bilbao, Bordeaux, Cologne/Bonn, Granada, Lisbon, Madrid, Málaga, Nuremberg, Paris-Orly, Rome-Fiumicino, Seville, Valencia, Valladolid, Zaragoza D
Air Méditerranée Lyon, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Paris-Orly, Strasbourg D
AlbaStar Bologna, Milan-Malpensa, Milan Orio-al-Serio, Verona D
Aviogenex Seasonal: Belgrade D
Arkefly Seasonal: Amsterdam D
Bmibaby East Midlands
Seasonal: Belfast-City [begins 27 May 2012], Birmingham
A
BMI Seasonal Charter: Aberdeen A
British Airways operated by BA CityFlyer Seasonal: Birmingham, London-City, Manchester
Charter: Aberdeen, Edinburgh, Glasgow, London-Stansted
A
Brussels Airlines Seasonal: Brussels D
Bulgaria Air Sofia A
City Airline Gothenburg-Landvetter D
Cimber Sterling Aalborg, Billund, Copenhagen D
Condor Frankfurt
Seasonal: Berlin-Schönefeld, Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Hanover, Leipzig/Halle, Munich, Paderborn/Lippstadt, Stuttgart
C
Darwin Airline Bern, Geneva A
EasyJet Bristol, Edinburgh, Glasgow-International, Liverpool, London-Gatwick, London-Luton, London-Southend [begins 1 May 2012], London-Stansted, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne,
Seasonal: Belfast-International
A
EasyJet Berlin-Schönefeld, Dortmund, Milan-Malpensa, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Rome-Fiumicino C
EasyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse, Geneva C
Edelweiss Air Zurich C
Enter Air Katowice, Poznan, Warsaw D
Europe Airpost Seasonal: Dublin A
Europe Airpost Paris-Charles de Gaulle D
Finnair Helsinki D
Flybe Scheduled Seasonal: Exeter, Southampton
Chartered Seasonal: Edinburgh, Inverness, Isle of Man
A
Germanwings Cologne/Bonn
Seasonal: Dortmund, Hanover, Stuttgart
D
Helvetic Airways Seasonal: Berne D
Holidays Czech Airlines Seasonal: Cork [begins 26 May], Dublin A
Iberia Madrid D
Iberia operated by Air Nostrum Albacete, Badajoz, Burgos, Huesca, Ibiza, La Rioja, Lleida, Lyon, Melilla, Minorca, Nantes, Nice, Nîmes, San Sebastian, Valencia, Valladolid, Zaragoza A
Jat Airways Seasonal: Belgrade D
Jet2 Seasonal: Belfast-International, Blackpool, East Midlands, Edinburgh, Glasgow-International, Leeds/Bradford, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne A
Jetairfly Brussels, Brussels South-Charleroi [begins 31 March], Liège, Ostend D
Lufthansa Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Frankfurt, Munich D
Luxair Luxembourg D
Malév Hungarian Airlines Seasonal: Budapest D
Meridiana Fly Rome-Fiumicino D
Monarch Scheduled: London-Gatwick, Manchester
Scheduled Seasonal: Birmingham, London-Luton
Chartered Seasonal: Aberdeen, Bristol, Cork [begins 19 May], Durham, Edinburgh, East Midlands, Glasgow, Newcastle upon Tyne
A
Neos Bologna, Milan-Malpensa, Verona D
Niki Graz, Lisbon, Salzburg, Vienna
Seasonal: Innsbruck, Linz, Rostock-Laage, Zweibrücken
C
Norwegian Air Shuttle Aalborg, Copenhagen, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda D
Onur Air Istanbul-Atatürk, İzmir D
Orbest Orizonia Airlines Aberdeen
Seasonal: Dublin, Shannon
A
Orbest Orizonia Airlines Asturias, Oporto, Valladolid D
Ryanair London-Stansted
Seasonal: Birmingham, Bournemouth, Bristol, Dublin, Edinburgh, East Midlands, Glasgow-Prestwick, Leeds/Bradford, Liverpool, Manchester, Shannon
A
Ryanair Barcelona, Girona, Madrid, Seville, Valencia
Seasonal: Alicante, Bergamo-Orio al Serio, Billund, Bratislava, Bremen, Brussels South-Charleroi, Eindhoven, Hahn, Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden [begins March 2012], Lübeck, Memmingen, Reus, Rygge, Stockholm-Skavsta, Weeze
D
S7 Airlines Moscow-Domodedovo D
SAS Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen
Seasonal: Bergen [begins 29 June 2012], Oslo-Gardermoen, Stavanger [begins 29 June 2012], Stockholm-Arlanda
D
Sky Work Airlines Seasonal: Berne A
Small Planet Airlines Chartered seasonal: Milan-Malpensa, Vilnius D
Spanair Alicante, Belgrade, Barcelona, Madrid, Málaga, Nador, Valencia D
Swiss International Air Lines Geneva, Zürich D
Swiss operated by Swiss European Airlines Geneva D
TAROM Seasonal: Bucharest-Henri Coanda D
Thomas Cook Airlines Belfast-International, Birmingham, Bristol, Cardiff, Doncaster/Sheffield, Durham, Edinburgh, East Midlands, Exeter, Glasgow-International, Leeds/Bradford, London-Gatwick, London-Luton, London-Stansted, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
Seasonal:Norwich, Southampton
A
Thomas Cook Airlines Belgium Brussels D
Thomas Cook Airlines Scandinavia Aalborg, Bergen, Billund, Borlänge, Copenhagen, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Helsinki, Karlstad, Malmo, Orebro, Oslo-Gardermoen, Oulu, Stockholm-Arlanda C
Thomson Airways Birmingham, Doncaster/Sheffield, East Midlands, Glasgow-International, London-Gatwick, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
Seasonal: Aberdeen, Belfast-International, Bournemouth, Bristol, Cardiff, Derry, Dublin, Durham, Edinburgh, Exeter, Humberside, London-Luton, London-Stansted, Norwich, Southampton, Shannon
A
Transavia Seasonal: Amsterdam, Eindhoven, Groningen, Zweibrücken C
Transavia France Nantes C
Travel Service Debrecen D
Travel Service operated by Smart Wings Seasonal: Brno, Ostrava, Prague D
TUIfly Seasonal: Basel/Mulhouse, Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Hanover, Munich, Nuremberg, Stuttgart, Zweibrücken D
TUIfly Nordic Copenhagen, Malmö-Sturup, Norrköping, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda D
VIM Airlines Moscow-Domodedovo D
Vueling Amsterdam, Barcelona, Bilbao, Madrid, Paris-Orly, Rome-Fiumicino, Toulouse, Venice D
Wizz Air Budapest, Cluj-Napoca A
XL Airways Germany Zweibrücken D

In addition to those listed above, there are also numerous charter flights.

Statistics

Following a decline in passenger numbers at the airport following the September 11 attacks in 2001, numbers rose steadily between 2002 and 2007 when traffic peaked at 23.2 million passengers, however from 2007 there has been a decline in passenger numbers with 21.1 million using the airport in 2010.[1]

Passengers Aircraft Movements Cargo (tonnes)
1999 19,127,773 168,533
2000 19,424,243 176,997 25,156
2001 19,206,964 169,603 23,068
2002 17,832,558 160,329 20,412
2003 19,185,919 168,988 19,935
2004 20,416,083 177,859 20,408
2005 21,240,736 182,028 21,025
2006 22,408,427 190,304 22,443
2007 23,227,983 197,354 22,833
2008 22,832,865 193,357 21,395
2009 21,203,028 177,492 17,086
2010 21,117,270 174,631 17,289
Source: Aena Statistics [1]
PMI10.png

Accidents and Incidents

  • On 4 January 1991, Douglas DC-3 EC-EQH of Aeromarket Express overran the runway on a cargo flight to Menorca Airport and was damaged beyond repair.[8]

See also

  • Aena (Aeropuertos Españoles y Navegación Aérea)

References

External links


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