Curva


Curva

Curva (plural: curve) is an Italian term or name for curved stands of seating located at sports stadiums, particularly in Italy; so named, originally, due to their curved or bending shape. The curva plays an integral part in the culture of Ultras and European football.

Contents

Composition

A.S. Roma fans in Curva Sud

The majority of stands referred to as a "curva" are located behind the goals in their respective stadiums and contain the most vocal supporters within them, often known as Ultras. They are usually curved in shape, in some form whether minor or major, often due to the presence of a running track around the pitch.[1] The Stadio Giuseppe Meazza provides an example of two prominent stands referred to as "curva", "Curva Nord" and "Curva Sud", which contain only minor curves at their corners, while the Stadio Olimpico provides an example of two completely curved stands. A curva may extend from one corner flag to another or be located centrally behind the goal, bordered by two separate corner sections for ticketing or organizational purposes.[2]

Significance

S.S. Lazio fans in Curva Nord

Being home to the most openly passionate supporters in a stadium, the curva is usually the focal point of a club's support. It is often the scene of dramatic choreographed displays of support and occasionally, disapproval for a team or club.[3] These displays often take on an importance of their own, particularly in games involving rivals where both sets of supporters aim to outdo each other.[4] In certain countries, particularly those where sports clubs and supporters are extremely reflective of the local culture, the curva can become quite politicized in nature.[4] Therefore, it's not uncommon for a curva to be split into individual factions or groups, either solely or partially, based on politics, and for one group to hold significant control of the curva and its inhabitants on match days. Ultrà groups within a curva often benefit from this degree of relative uniformity, when there are issues regarding supporters' rights and the commercialization of sports and football in particular.

Italy

File:Tifo San Siro.jpg
Internazionale fans in Curva Nord
Stadium Club Stand
Arena Garibaldi Pisa Curva Nord Maurizio Alberti
San Siro Internazionale Curva Nord
San Siro Milan Curva Sud
Stadio Artemio Franchi Fiorentina Curva Fiesole
Stadio Atleti Azzurri d'Italia Atalanta Curva Pisani
Stadio Ennio Tardini Parma Curva Nord
Stadio Luigi Ferraris Genoa Gradinata Nord
Stadio Luigi Ferraris Sampdoria Gradinata Sud
Stadio Marc'Antonio Bentegodi Hellas Verona Curva Sud
Stadio Olimpico Lazio Curva Nord
Stadio Olimpico Roma Curva Sud
Stadio Olimpico (Torino) Juventus Curva Filadelfia
Stadio San Paolo Napoli Curva A/Curva B
Stadio San Nicola Bari Curva Nord
Stadio Nicola Ceravolo Catanzaro Curva Massimo Capraro

Equivalents

Gate 13


Australia

Austria

Stadium Club Stand
Sydney Football Stadium Sydney FC The Cove
AAMI Park Melbourne Victory North Terrace
MCG Australia Bay 13
Stadium Club Stand
Gerhard Hanappi Stadium SK Rapid Wien Block West

Bulgaria

Stadium Club Stand
Bulgarian Army Stadium CSKA Sofia Sektor G / North Stand
Stadium Club Stand
Georgi Asparuhov Stadium Levski Sofia Sektor B

Bosnia

Stadium Club Stand
Stadion Grbavica Željezničar Sektor C / Jug

Chile

Stadium Club Stand
Estadio Nacional de Chile CF Universidad de Chile Gate 14

Colombia

Stadium Club Stand
Estadio Deportivo Cali Deportivo Cali

Frente Radical Verdiblanco]]

Denmark

Stadium Club Stand
Energi Nord Arena Aalborg BK Vesttribunen
Brøndby Stadion Brøndby IF Sydsiden (earlier Faxetribunen)
Parken FC Copenhagen Sektion 12
Tre-For Park Odense BK Stiften

Egypt

Stadium Club Stand
Cairo Stadium Al-Ahly Curva Nord / Talta Chimal
Cairo Stadium Zamalek Curva Sud / Talta Yemeen
Ismailia Stadium Ismaily Curva Nord / Curva Giallo
Port Said Stadium Al-Masry Club Curva Sud / Talta Yemeen
Ismailia Stadium Ismaily Curva Sud

Finland

Stadium Club Stand
Helsinki Olympic Stadium Finland national football team Pohjoiskaarre

France

Stadium Club Stand
Stade Chaban-Delmas Girondins de Bordeaux Virage Sud
Stade Vélodrome Olympique de Marseille Virage Nord/Sud
Parc des Princes Paris Saint-Germain FC Kop of Boulogne

Germany

Stadium Club Stand
Olympiastadion/Allianz Arena Bayern München Südkurve
Volkswagen Arena Wolfsburg Nordkurve
Waldstadion Eintracht Frankfurt Nordwestkurve
Weserstadion Werder Bremen Ostkurve
Veltins-Arena FC Schalke 04 Nordkurve

Greece

Stadium Club Stand
Karaiskaki Stadium Olympiacos F.C. Gate 7
Apostolos Nikolaidis Panathinaikos Gate 13
Toumba Stadium PAOK F.C. Gate 4
Nikos Goumas Stadium AEK Athens F.C. Gate 21
Kautatzogleio Stadium Iraklis Thessaloniki F.C. Gate 10

Indonesia

Stadium Club Stand
Bung Karno Stadium Persija Sektor 5
Si Jalak Harupat Stadium Persib Bandung Tribun Barat
Siliwangi Stadium Persib Bandung Tribun Barat
Haji Agus Salim Stadium Semen Padang F.C. Tribun Selatan SPARTACK
Haji Agus Salim Stadium Semen Padang F.C. Tribun UTARA The Kmers
Kaharuddin Nasution Stadium PSPS Pekanbaru CURVA NORD
Maguwoharjo Stadium PSS Sleman Brigata Curva Sud

Israel

Stadium Club Stand
Bloomfield Stadium Hapoel Tel Aviv Gate 5 / Sha'ar Ham'esh
Bloomfield Stadium Maccabi Tel Aviv Gate 11
Kiryat Eliezer Stadium Maccabi Haifa F.C. Gate 3 / Yezia Gimel
Teddy Stadium Beitar Jerusalem F.C. Eastern Gate / Ha'Yezia Ha'Mizrahi

Malaysia

Stadium Club Stand
Stadium Nasional Bukit Jalil Malaysia National Football Team Section 1Q
Sultan Mohammad IV Stadium Kelantan FA Gate Of Hell™ The Red Mania
Shah Alam Stadium Selangor FA Gate Donkey Kong Kitty
Tuanku Abdul Rahman Stadium Negeri Sembilan FA Kona 4C
Darul Aman Stadium Kedah FA Curva T1
Perak Stadium Perak FA Silvermania Curva [Gate A & B]
Tan Sri Dato Hj Hassan Yunos Stadium Johor FA Kerva Laken
Stadium Sultan Ismail Nasirudin Shah Terengganu FA Curva Right Scoreboard
Stadium Darul Makmur Pahang Gate Seven Eleven 24 Dollar Murah Murah
Stadium Mini UiTM Shah Alam UiTM FC Lubuk U Lions Troops
Likas Stadium Sabah FA Gate Four

Morocco

Stadium Club Stand
Stade Mohamed V WAC Curva Nord - Frimija

Netherlands

Stadium Club Stand
Amsterdam Arena AFC Ajax Zuid
De Kuip Feyenoord Gerard Meijer Tribune

Poland

Stadium Club Stand
Polish Army Stadium Legia Warszawa Żyleta

Romania

Stadium Club Stand
Stadionul Steaua FC Steaua Bucureşti Peluza Nord
Stadionul Dan Păltinişanu FC Timişoara Curva Sud
Stadionul Stefan cel Mare FC Dinamo Bucureşti Peluza Catalin Haldan / Peluza Sud

Scotland

Stadium Club Stand
Celtic Park Celtic Section 111

Spain

Stadium Club Stand
Estadio Vicente Calderón Atlético de Madrid Fondo Sur
Estadio Santiago Bernabéu Real Madrid Fondo Sur
Estadio Manuel Ruiz de Lopera Real Betis Gol Sur
Estadio Ramón Sánchez Pizjuán Sevilla Gol Norte
Estadi RCDE RCD Espanyol Gol Cornellà
Estadio Mestalla Valencia Curva Nord Mario Alberto Kempes

Tunisia

Stadium Club Stand
Stade du 14-Janvier Espérance Sportive de Tunis Curva Sud
Stade El Menzah Club Africain Curva Nord/Virage 12
Stade Taieb Mhiri Club Sportif Sfaxien Curva Nord Sfax

Turkey

Stadium Club Stand
BJK İnönü Stadı Beşiktaş J.K. Kapalı Tribün
Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium Fenerbahçe SK Türk Telekom Tribünü

See also

References

Specific
General
  • Testa, A. and Armstrong, G. (2008). “Words and actions: Italian ultras and neo-fascism” Social Identities, vol. 14 (4), pp. 473 – 490
  • Testa, A. (2009) “UltraS: an Emerging Social Movement”, Review of European Studies, vol. 1 (2), 54–63
  • Testa, A. (2010). Contested Meanings: the Italian Media and the UltraS. Review of European Studies, vol 2(1), 15–24
  • Testa, A. and Armstrong, G. (in press; November 2010). Football, Fascism and Fandom: The UltraS of Italian Football, A&C (Bloomsbury), London, Black Publishers.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • curva — sustantivo femenino 1. Área: geometría Línea que se aparta de la dirección recta sin formar ángulos: Dibuja una curva que rodee todos estos objetos que había dibujado antes. 2. Tramo curvo: curva cerrada, curva abierta, las curvas de un camino.… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Curva — Basisdaten Einwohner (Stand) 646 Einw. (Fortschreibung 2009) [1] Höhe 3.502 m Telefonvo …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • curvă — CÚRVĂ, curve, s.f. 1. (pop.) Femeie care duce o viaţă desfrânată. ♦ Prostituată. 2. fig. Om ipocrit, josnic; cutră. – Din v. sl. kurŭva. Trimis de cata, 20.02.2008. Sursa: DEX 98  CÚRVĂ s. v. prostituată. Trimis de siveco, 25.03.2009. Sursa …   Dicționar Român

  • curva — s. f. 1. Linha curva. 2. Gráfico que representa as variações de um fenômeno. 3. Volta em forma de linha curva numa via qualquer. 4. Parte posterior do joelho. 5. Peça arqueada de um móvel. 6.  [Marinha] Caverna. 7.  [Matemática] Lugar das… …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • curva — s.f. [femm. sost. dell agg. curvo ]. 1. a. (geom.) [ogni linea che non sia diritta] ▶◀ ‖ arco. ◀▶ retta. ● Espressioni: curva altimetrica [linea che congiunge tutti i punti aventi uguale livello di altitudine] ▶◀ Ⓣ (geogr.) isoipsa; …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • curva — (en estadística) línea recta o curva utilizada como método gráfico para la demostración de la distribución de los datos recogidos en un estudio o informe. Diccionario Mosby Medicina, Enfermería y Ciencias de la Salud, Ediciones Hancourt, S.A.… …   Diccionario médico

  • curva — f. ☛ V. curvo …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Curva — Para otros usos de este término, véase Curva (desambiguación). En matemáticas, el concepto de curva (o línea curva) es una línea continua de una dimensión, que varía de dirección paulatinamente. Ejemplos sencillos de curvas cerradas son la elipse …   Wikipedia Español

  • curva — (Derivado de curvo.) ► sustantivo femenino 1 GEOMETRÍA Línea que cambia de dirección constantemente sin formar ángulos. 2 Línea que representa la evolución de un fenómeno: ■ la curva de la temperatura es ascendente. 3 Tramo curvo de un camino o… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • curva — 1cùr·va s.f. 1a. FO parte di qcs. che segue una linea ad arco; linea senza angoli, arcuata: la curva di un bracciolo Contrari: rettilineo. 1b. CO spec. al pl., fam., le rotondità del corpo femminile: guarda che curve! 2a. FO tratto di strada, di… …   Dizionario italiano


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